AwdrSk is`^ Aqy is`^I ikrdwr

bwbw bu`Fw jI

 

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"bwbw jI dw jnm 7 k`qk sMmq 1563 (sMn 1506) iv`c su`Gy rMDwvy dy Gr mwqw gOrW jI dy audr qoN izlw AMimRqsr dy ipMf kQUngl iv`c hoieAw[ mwqw, ipqw ny Awp dw nwm bUVw r`iKAw[ sMmq 1575 (sMn 1518) iv`c siqgur nwnk dyv jI jd ivcrdy bwbw jI dy ipMf v`l Awey, qd ieh psU cwrdy hoey pRymBwv nwl gurU swihb dI syvw iv`c du`D lY ky hwzr hoey Aqy ivvyk vYrwg dIAW g`lW suxweIAW[ siqgur jI ny PrmwieAw ik BwvyN qyrI aumr CotI hY pr smJ krky bu`Fw, Bwv isAwxw hYN[ aus idn qoN Awp dw nwm bu`Fw pRis`D ho igAw["

bwbw bu`Fw jI ny guris`KI Dwrx krky Awpxw jIvn is`KW leI nmUnw bxwieAw Aqy gurU Gr iv`c mwn pwieAw[ sMmq 1661 (sMn 1604) iv`c Awp hirmMidr dy pihly gRMQI muk`rr hoey[ gurU hirgoibMd swihb ny gurmuKI Awp qoN pVHI Aqy gurU AMgd dyv jI qoN lY ky hirgoibMd swihb qIk gurg`dI ibrwjx dI rsm vI Awp jI ny kIqI d`sI jWdI hY[

ieiqhwskwrW Anuswr Awp jI dw idhWq 14 m`Gr sMmq 1688 (sMn 1631) nUM (125 swl dI l`mIN aumr Bog ky) izlw AMimRqsr dy ipMf rwmdws iv`c hoieAw[ gurU hirgoibMd swihb ny Awp dw sskwr Awpxy hQIN kIqw[ sskwr dI QW s`cKMf nwmIN suMdr AsQwn bixAw hoieAw hY[

imiQhwsk rucI Aqy ibpRnI ibRqI vwly purwqn is`^/Ais`^ kvIAW ny bwbw bu`Fw jI dI jIvxI nwl vI is`^ gurU swihbwn, BgqW, pIrW Aqy pRis`D bRhmigAwnIAW dIAW jIvxIAW vWg mnoklpq sw^IAW joV id`qIAW hn[ gur iblws pwqSwhI 6, jo ik 22 swvn sMmq 1775 (sMn 1718) nUM ilK ky pUrw kIqw d`isAw jWdw hY, dy gumnwm ilKwrI Anuswr gurU Arjun dyv jI ny mwqw gMgw jI nUM puqr dI dwq lYx vwsqy bwb bu`Fw jI koL ByiAw[

cOpeI] aYsI ikrpf krhu pRB, puwqR Dfm (Gr) ijh hoie|

hm anMd mn mY DrYN, hfsI kry n koie]67]

aiq ikRpfl sRI gur Bey, sRI muiK kIn pRkfsL|

sRI gur bIV su jfhu qum sfihb buwZy pfis]68] aiD:1 pMnf 9

Bfv:- mfqf gMgf jI ny gurU arjn dyv jI pfs bynqI kIqI ik jy sfzy Gr puqR hovy qF sfzy mn ivc bhuq KusLI hovygI aqy koeI hsI (mKOl) nhIN krygf | byaMq ikRpfl gurU jI ny mfqf jI nUM gurU kI bIV ivc bfbf buwZf jI pfs jfx dI afigXf kIqI|

Dohrf] sMmq sorh sY Bey iekvMjf AuipR jfnu|

awsU idn iewkIsvIN buwZy bcn bKfnu]

iqsI iCnk mfqf Audir kIno pAun invfs|

mfqf min hrKq BeI icq mY biZE hulfs]138] aiD:1, pMnf 15

Bfv:- sMmq 1651, 21 asU vfly idn bfbf buwZf jI ny bcn kIqf (vr idwqf), Ausy smyN mfqf gMgf jI dy Audr ivc pOx dyvqy ny pRvysL kIqf aqy mfqf jI KusL ho gey, icq ivc anMd vD igaf|

ipRM: siqbIr isMG ies mnoklpq sw^I nUM hor vI purwxk imiQhws nwl DuMdlwauNdw hoieAw ‘purwqn ieiqhwsk jIvnIAW’ dy pMnw 40 au`qy ilKdw hY, ‘Aihmd Swh btwlvI dw kihxw hY ik gurU Arjun dyv jI smyq mwqw gMgw jI qy is`^W nwl bIV vl c`l pey[ bwbw bu`Fw jI ny dUroN BIV AwauNdI dyK ky inktvrqI koloN pu`iCAW ik ieh kOx hn? aus d`isAw ik ieh gurU hn[ suBwvk hI bwbw jI ny ikhw ‘gurUAW nUM kI BwjV pY geI’ ik iek QW qoN dUjI QW jw rhy hn?’ sMgqW ny ikhw ‘bwbw jI g`l hor hY, gurU swihb smyq mwqw gMgw jI quhwfy drSnW nUM Aw rhy hn qy puqr dw vr mMgdy hn[’ ieqnw suxnw hI sI ik bwbw jI ibrD hox dy bwvjUd auT Kloqy qy KuSI nwl n`cx l`g pey, h`Q au`qy h`Q zor dw mwr ky AwiKAw, ‘iek Aijhw puq`r pYdw hovygw jo bhuq sUrmw qy blvwn hovygw[’

ies Brm, BulyKy kwrn A`j vI gurbwxI igAwn qoN vWJy is`^ mweI, BweI pu`qrW dI mMgx bwb bu`Fw jI dy ies AsQwn qy jWdy hn[qrkSIl pRbIn ivdvwn ies byqukI swKI nUM nhIN m`n skdw ikauNik ieh g`l jcdI nhIN ik gurU Awpxy SrDwlU koloN dwq lYx jwvy[ Pyr bwbw bu`Fw jI dy siqsMgIAW nUM ikdW igAwn ho igAw ik gurU jI mwqw gMgw jI smyq bwbw bu`Fw koloN pu`qr dw vr mMgx Aw rhy sn? gurbwxI Anuswr jIvn Aqy hor dwqW dyx vwlw kyvl pRmwqmw hI hY[

hukmI hovin Awkwr, hukm n kihAw jweI] hukmI hovin jIAw, hukim imlY vifAweI] jpu, m: 1, pM: 1

mwnuK kI tyk ibRQI sB jwnu[ dyvn ko eykY Bgvwn] rwgu gauVI, suKmnI, m: 5M, pMnw 281

jIau pwie qnu swijAw, riKAw bxq bxwie] mwJ kI vwr, m: 1 pMnw, 138

jIau pwie ipMfu ijin swijAw, idqw pYnxu Kwxu] rwgu soriT, m: 5, pMnw, 619

jgqu iBKwrI iPrqu hY, sB ko dwqw rwmu] slok m: 9, pMnw 1428

 bwbw bu`Fw jI dy cwr puq`r sn, suDwrI jI, iBKwrI jI, mihmU jI Aqy Bwnw jI[ Bwnw jI dy do puq`r jlwl jI Aqy BweI srvx jI sn[ jlwl jI do mhIny hI g`dI qy rih ky surgvws ho geY[ BweI srvx jI qoN g`dI dI lVI ies pRkwr hY, BweI JMfw jI, BweI guid`qw jI, BweI rwmkMvr (gurbKS isMG), BweI mohr isMG, BweI SXwm isMG Aqy BweI sujwn isMG[ BweI sujwn isMG dI sMqwn nw hox krky g`dI audwsI pRcwkW pws Aw geI[ hux pRbMD SRomxI kmytI dy h`Q hY[ bwbw jI dy v`fy puq`rW dI sMqwn hux JMfy, rwmdwspUry Awidk ipMfW dI vsxIk hY[ mhwn koS, pMnw 881

bwbw dIp isMG jI

ShIdW dI imsl dy kiQq moFI bwbw dIp isMG jI dw jnm mwqw jIauxI jI dI ku`KoN, bwbw Bgqw jI dy Gr ipMf phUivMf, izlw AMimMqsr ivKy sMmq 1739, sMn 1682 ivc 26 jnvrI nUM hoieAw[ isdkvwn is`^ bwbw Bgqw jI Awpxy jIvn dw bhuqw smW dsmyS gurU goibMd isMG jI dy snmu`K rihMdy hoey is`^ pMQ dI syvw ivc bqIq krdy sn Aqy Xu~DW ivc jUJdy rihMdy sn[ CotI aumr qoN hI bwbw dIp isMG jI nUM vI ipqw jI dy nwl dsmyS gurU goibMd isMG jI dy snmu`K rihx dw Avsr imldw irhw[

bwbw dIp isMG jI nUM aunHW dy pirvwr ny Gbryt aumr qoN hI gurU goibMd isMG jI dI syvw ivc C`f id`qw[ dsmyS gurU jI dy snmu`K rihx krky bwbw dIp isMG jI dI iv`idAk, Dwrimk Aqy Ssqr isiKAw gurU jI dI dyK-ryK ivc hoeI[ bwbw jI dsmyS jI qoN AMimRq C`k ky AwdrSk is`^, Bwv sMq ispwhI sj gey Aqy swrw jIvn is`^I dI syvw krdy rhy Aqy pMQ dy doKIAW nwl jUJdy rhy[

sMmq 1761, sMn 1704 ivc dsmyS gurU goibMd isMG jI dy ‘swbo kI qlvMfI’ ivc invws smyN bwbw dIp isMG jI vI gurU jI dI syvw ivc Aw hwzr hoey[ d`isAw jWdw hY ik gurU jI v`loN BweI mnI isMG jI qoN gurU gRMQ dI sMpUrnqw krvwaux smyN bwbw dIp isMG jI dI vI BweI mnI isMG jI dy shwiek vjoN syvw lweI geI sI[ Aqy dsmyS gurU jI ny d`Kx v`l jwx qoN pihlW bwbw jI nUM ‘swbo kI qlvMfI’ rih ky is`^ pMQ dI syvw krn dw AwdyS id`qw[

do Coty mwsUm swihbzwidAW dy kwql cMfwl vzIr Kwn Aqy aus dy pwpI shwiekW nUM dMf dyx leI sMmq 1765, sMn 1708 ivc bwbw bMdw isMG bhwdr dy pMjwb Awaux qy bwbw dIp isMG jI vI inAWkwrI Drm XuD ivc jUJx leI Swml ho gey[

jIvn dw bhuq swrw smW ‘swbo kI qlvMfI’ rihMidAW bwbw jI ny aus AsQwn dI syvw sMBwl dy nwl nwl is`^I pRcwr kIqw Aqy gurU gRMQ dy keI h`QIN auqwry kIqy Aqy krvwey[ is`^W nUM iv`idAk Aqy Ssqr isiKAw vI id`qI[ dsmyS jI dy vrdwn Aqy bwbw dIp isMG jI dI krVI Gwlxw dw sdkw hI ‘swbo kI qlvMfI’ nUM ‘gurU kI kwSI’ dw pd pRdwn hoieAw[

sMmq 1819, sMn 1762 ivc 80 swl dy bzurg bwbw dIp isMG jI ‘swbo kI qlvMfI’ sn, jdoN jrvwxy AihmdSwh AbdwlI ny hirmMdr smUh nUM Fw-FyrI kr id`qw Aqy srovr gMd mMd nwl Br id`qw[ is`^W nUM hirmMdr smUh ivc jwx qoN rokx leI pihry lw id`qy[ jdoN ies iGnwauxI krqUq dw bwbw jI nUM pqw l`gw qW auh ShIdI jQw iqAwr kr ky hrI ky p`qn qoN lMG ky qrn qwrn puj gey[ rwh ivc hor bhuq swry is`^ sUrmy ShIdI jQy nwl rldy gey Aqy is`^I qoN Awpw vwrn vwly mrjIviVAW dI igxqI koeI pMj hzwr qk ho geI[

dovW dlW dw twkrw qrn qwrn qoN AMimRqsr dI AjokI sVk qy siQq ipMf c`by kol hoieAw[ is`^ sUrmy Awpxy nwloN ikqy v`D igxqI vYrI nUM BWj idMdy AMimRqsr v`l v`Ddy gey[ Xu`D ivc bwbw jI dI DOx qy fUMGw P`t l`gx kwrn auh iek h`Q nwl sIs nUM QMmxw dy ky lVdy lVdy gurdvwrw rwmsr jw ky ShId hoey[

itpxI: -qrkSIl is`^ leI bwbw jI bwry sIs iek h`Q qlI qy r`K ky lVn dI AnhoxI jW krwmwqk swKI mnxXog nhIN hY ikauNik ieh is`^I sMklpW qoN ault hY Aqy ies dy prmwx gurbwxI dI ivcwrDwrw qoN nhIN imldy[

nvwb kpUr isMG

sUJvwn, sUrbIr Aqy DrmvIr kpUr isMG dw jnm izlw SyKUpurw dy ipMf kwnoky, BweI dlIp isMG dy Gr sMn 1698 ivc hoieAw[ BweI kpUr isMG jI dy jIvn kwl smyN is`^ pMQ qy fwFI BIV bxI rhI[ ieh smW sI jdoN p`qw p`qw isMGw dw vYrI sI[ iehI smW sI jdoN Aihmd Swh AbdwlI (durwnI), nwdr Swh, id`lI dw PurKsIAwr, sUbw lwhOr dy zkrIAw Kwn (KwnU), mIr mMnU, dIvwn lKpq rwey, Awid v`loN is`^W qy Kurw-Koj imtwaU hmly kIqy jWdy Aqy GroN-byGr hoey jMglW, bIAwbwnW ivc Bu`Kx-Bwxy idn-ktI krdy isKW dw iSkwr kIqw jWdw sI[ BweI mnI isMG, BweI qwrU isMG, BweI qwrw isMG vW, Awid nUM qsIhy dy ky ShId kIqw igAw[ do G`lUGwirAW ivc b`cy, bu`Fy bu~FIAW smyq hzwrW is`K kql kIqy gey[ is`^W dy isrW qy mul r`Ky hoey sn[ pr isdkI is`^W ny Asih, Akih AOkVW JlidAW vYrI dy Kurw-Koj imtwaU hmilAW nUM nkwirAw Aqy gurU nwnk dyv jI dI is`^I nUM surjIq r`iKAw[

BweI kpUr isMG jI ny sMn 1721 ivc ShId BweI mnI isMG qoN AMimRq C`ikAw Aqy srdwr drbwrw isMG dy jQy nwl rL ky qnoN mnoN is^ pMQ dI syvw ivc ju`t gey[ srdwr drbwrw isMG ny g`BrU kpUr isMG nUM prK ky iek dsqy dw muKI bxw id`qw[ ies dsqy ny sMn 1726 ivc kwbl qoN id`lI nUM vYrI leI ilAwey jWdy GoVy Aqy Ssqr Koh ley Aqy hor is`^ jiQAW ivc vMf id`qy[ iek vwrIN ropV lwgy SwhI POj dI tukVI nwl vI t`kr ho geI[ BweI kpUr isMG ny aus tukVI dy muKI nUM mwr mukwieAw Aqy aus dy jQy ny vYrI nUM BWj id`qI[

phwVW, jMglW Aqy bIAwbwnW ivc Bu`Kx-Bwxy rihMdy is`KW ny hor koeI cwrw nw cldw vyK ky jQybMdI kr ky Cwpy mwrU DwivAW duAwrw A`iqAMq loVINdIAW vsqU, Bwv rsd, Kwxw-dwxw, nkdI, GoVy, h`iQAwr Awid vYrI qoN Kohxy SurU kr id`qy[ iek vwrIN BweI kpUr isMG ny koeI vIh ku is`^ sUry lY ky lhOr Dwvw jw boilAw Aqy Kzwnw ‘qy h`iQAwr lu`t ky is`^W ivc vMf id`qy[

is`^W nUM nsl-Gwq nIqI duAwrw mwr mkwaux ivc pyS nw jWdI vyK ky mugl srkwr ny sMn 1733 (sMn 1742 mhwn koS, BweI kwnH isMG) ivc is`KW nwl sulwh sPweI krn dI socI[ ies nIqI ADIn sUbw lhOr ny srdwr subyg isMG vkIl dI rwhIN nvwbI iKqwb, iek l`K dI jwgIr Aqy kImqI iKlq is`^ pMQ nUM Byjy[ pMQ ny pihlW qW pwpI srkwr qoN ieh sB kuC lYx qoN nWh kr d`qI[ pr srdwr subyg isMG dy zor pwaux qy pMQ ny BweI kpUr isMG, jo ik syvw ivc juty hoey sn, nUM nvwbI, jwgIr Aqy iKlq lYx vwsqy mnw ilAw[

nvwb kpUr isMG ny ies sulwh sPweI dy smyN qoN lwB lYNidAW v`K v`K dlW Aqy jiQAW ivc vMfy is^ pMQ nUM iek`Ty kr ky do dlW, bu`Fw dl Aqy qrunw dl, ivc jQybMd kIqw[ bu`Fw dl dw kMm gurDwmW dI syvw sMBwl, is`^I pRcwr Aqy qrunw dl dI loVINdI shwieqw krnw sI[ Aqy qrunw dl dw kMm is`^I dy vYrIAW nwl rx ivc jUJxw sI[

sulwh sPweI dy smyN dw CyqI hI AMq ho igAw[ is`KW qy iPr A`iqAwcwr SurU ho igAw[ aunHW dy gurDwmW qy jwx qy rok lw id`qI[ nvwb kpUr isMG dI sUJ bUJ, dlyr juJwrU nIqI Aqy Xog AgvweI dw sdkw is`^ pMQ vYrI nUM BWj Aqy duStW nUM dMf idMdw hoieAw gurU nwnk dI is`^ nUM cVHdI klw v`l leI igAw[ nvwb kpUr isMG dw dyhWq sMmq 1811 (sMn 1753/4) ivc hoieAw[

nvwb kpUr isMG ny PyzlwKwn dy vswey ngr PYzlwpur nUM sMmq 1790 (sMn 1733) ivc ijq ky AMimRqsr prgny ivc Pyzlwpurw imsl sQwpq kIqI, jo ik is`KW dIAW 12 imslW ivcoN iek sI[ ikauNik ieh imsl isMGW ny Pqy krky sQwpq kIqI sI ies nUM isMGpurw imsl vI AwiKAw jWdw sI[

j`sw isMG AwhlUvwlIAw

srdwr j`sw isMG dI kul dw vfyrw swDU isMG (s`dw isMG) sI[ ies ny lwhOr izly ivc ipMf AwhlUvwl vswieAw sI, ijs qoN ies kul dI A`l AwhlUvwlIAw pY geI[ srdwr j`sw isMG dw jnm swDU isMG dy pVoqy bdr isMG dy Gr sMmq 1775 (sMn 1718) ivc hoieAw[ pMj swl dy bwlk j`sw isMG dy ipqw bdr isMG dw dyhWq ho igAw[ mwqw suMdrI jI ny bwlk j`sw isMG nUM (aus dI mwqw smyq) Awpxy kol r`K ilAw Aqy pwl pos ky Dwrimk Aqy SsqR isiKAw leI nvwb kpUr isMG kol Byj id`qw[ mwqw suMdrI jI ny ivdwiegI smyN j`sw isMG jI nUM iek gurj bKSI[

nvwb kpUr isMG ny j`sw isMG jI nUM pu`qr vWg Awpxy kol r`iKAw, is`iKAw id`qI Aqy Awpxy vrgw DrmvIr Aqy surbIr bxwieAw[ nvwb kpUr isMG ny Awpxy dyhWq qoN pihlW klgIDr dI qlvwr, jo ik mwqw suMdrI jI ny aunHW nUM bKSI sI, Aqy is`K pMQ dI AgvweI srdwr j`sw isMG jI nUM sMBwl id`qI[

srdwr j`sw isMG jI dy jIvn kwl Aqy aunHW dI AgvweI smyN vI is`^W au`qy kihr huMdw irhw[ aunHW nUM v`fy GlUgwry smyq BwrI AOkVW Aqy AiqAwcwr dw swhmxw krnw ipAw[ pr sUJvwn, DrmvIr, Aqy sUrvIr srdwr j`sw isMG AwhlUvwlIAw Aqy aunHW dy hor swQI is~`^ AwgUAW dw sdkw is`^ pMQ ny ienHW Aikh Aqy Aish AOkVW Aqy BwjVW ivcoN ivcrdy hoey mugl rwj dIAW jVHW hlw idiqAW, hmlwvrW dy mUMh moV id`qy, bMdI bxweIAW AblwvW nUM Cufw ky muV GrIN vsw id`qw Aqy is`K rwj dI nINh r`K id`qI[

DrmvIr srdwr j`sw isMG dw is`^ pMQ dI cVHdI klw Aqy is`^ rwj dI auswrI ivc BwrI Xogdwn hY[ aunHW ny sMn 1748 ivc AMimRqsr dy hwkm slwbq Kwn nUM mwr ky bhuq swry ielwky qy kbzw kr ilAw[ sMn 1753 ivc jlMDr dy hwkm AdInwbyg nUM BWj dy ky Pqyhbwd dy ielwky qy kbzw kr ilAw[ sMn 1758 ivc kuJ icr leI lwhOr qy vI kbzw kr ilAw sI[ Aqy sMn 1775 ivc iebrwhIm B`tI qoN kpUrQlw ijq ky aus nUM AwpxI irAwsq dI rwjDwnI bxw ilAw[

11 mwrc sMn 1783 nUM srdwr j`sw isMG AwhlUvwlIAw Aqy srdwr bGyl isMG kroV isMGIAw dI AgvweI ADIn bu`Fw dl dy is`^W ny id`lI ij`q leI[ is`^W ny lwl ikly dy dIvwn-ey-Awm ivc srdwr j`sw isMG nUM id`lI dy qKq au`qy ibTw id`qw[

qrunw dl dw muKI j`sw isMG rwmGVHIAw, jo j`sw isMG AwhlUvwlIey nwl duAwby dy ielwky qy kbzy qoN hoey twkry kwrn ies smyN sqluj pwr srsy dy ielwky ivc rih ky myrt Aqy id`lI dy ielwikAW ivc mwrW mwr irhw sI, ny qrunw dl dy isMGW smyq id`lI Aw ky j`sw isMG AwhlUvwlIey dy twkry id`lI dy qKq qy Awpxw h`k jmwieAw[ dovyN dl Awps ivc jUJx leI iqAwr sn ik ivSwl ihrdeI srdwr j`sw isMG AwhlUvwlIey ny is`^W nUM AwpsI kqlwm qoN bcwaux leI id`lI dw qKq vI C`f id`qw Aqy bu`Fw dl dI AgvweI vI srdwr bGyl isMG nUM sMBwl id`qI[

bygm swmrU dI ivcolgI dy PlsrUp Awlm Swh dUjy nwl sulwh sPweI hox qy srdwr bGyl isMG nUM, koeI 4,000 isMGW smyq, id`lI ivc ieiqhwsk AsQwnW qy s`q gurdvwirAW dI auswrI krn leI C`f ky isMGW ny auQoN pMjwb nUM cwly pw id`qy[

dUly srdwr j`sw isMG ijs dy srIr qy 22 P`t kyvl v`fy GlUGwry smyN hI l`gy sn[ aunHW dw dyhWq sMmq 1840 (sMn 1783) ivc AMimRqsr ivc hoieAw[ srdwr j`sw isMG AwhlUvwlIey dI AOlwd nw hox kr ky srdwr Bwg isMG nUM kpUrQlw irAwsq dw rwjw bxwieAw igAw[

Bgq pUrn isMG jI

izlw luiDAwxw dy ipMf rwjyvwl/rwjovwl dy jMm-pL rwmjI dws, jo ik is`^I Dwr ky Bgq pUrn isMG dy nwm nwl pRis`D hoey Aqy ijnHW ny is`^I srUp Aqy ikrdwr nUM gOrvmeI bxwieAw, dw jnm 3/4 jUn 1904 nUM hoieAw[ aunHW dy ipqw iSbU ml jI SwhUkwr sn Aqy mwqw Dwrimk SrDw Aqy syvw BwvnwvW vwly sn[ mwqw dw pRBwv pu`qr au`qy pYxw suBwivk sI[ lgwqwr do swl PslW mr jwx kwrn j`tW jmINdwrW qoN krzw nw muV sikAw qW sRI iSbU ml jI dw dvwlIAw inkl igAw Aqy ies qoN CyqI mgroN aunHW dw dyhWq ho igAw[ AwrQk qMgI kwrn Aqy rwmjI dws dI pVHweI jwrI r`Kx leI mwqw jI nUM ipMfoN sO mIlW dUr lhOr ivc BWfy mWjx dI nOkrI krnI peI[

aus smyN rwmjI dws ksbw KMnW dy borifMg hwaUs ivc rihMdy hoey CyvIN jmwq ivc pVHdy sn[ sMn 1923 ivc auhnW ny dsvIN dw iemiqhwn luiDAwxy id`qw[ mwqw jI dy pRBwv ADIn rwmjI dws bwl AvsQw qoN hI hnUmwn dy cwlIsy dy s`q pwT inq krdy Aqy hPqy ivc iqn vrq r`Kdy sn[ iemiqhwn qoN vyhly hox auprMq iek idn auh luiDAwxy dy KzwncIAW dy mh`ly dy iSv jI dy mMdr ivc cly gey[ auhnW ny TwkrW dIAW mUrqIAW nUM fol nwl pwxI k`F k`F ky Doqw Aqy mUDy lMmyN pY ky m`Qw tyikAw[ aus mMdr ivc sMsikRq pVHn vwly pMj ividAwrQI rihMdy sn[ Bojn Ckx dy smyN auh ividAwrQI Aw ky pMgq ivc bYT gey, rwmjI dws vI nwl bYT gey[ pujwrI ny kyvl ividAwrQIAW nUM Bojn vrqw id`qw pr rwmjI dws nUM pMgq ivcoN auTw id`qw[

do idnW mgroN kol ikrwieAw vI nw hox kwrn rwmjI dws KMny dy rwh ipMf nUM pYdl qur pey[ rwh ivc ryrU dy gurdvwry rYx-bsyry leI cly gey, ij`Qy aunHW nUM Ckx nUM lMgr Aqy rYx bsyry leI mMjw ibsqrw vI iml igAw[ duiphroN mgroN sMq Aqr isMG jI ny is`^ nOjvwnW nUM gurimq Aqy AiDAwqmk igAwn dw prcwr kIqw[ is`^ syvwdwrW nUM puC`x qy aunHW ny d`isAw ik auh inSkwm syvw dw jivn bqwA rhy hn[ ihMdU Drm dy twkry is`^I dIAW au`qm prMprwvW Aqy is`^ syvwdwrW dI inSkwm syvw qoN pRBwvq ho rwmjI dws ausy smyN mnoN is`^ bx gey[

sMn 1924 ivc rwm jI dws mwqw jI dy kol lhOr Aw gey[ lwgly gurdvwry ivc syvw krdy krdy 1929 ivc rwmjI dws ny AMimRq Ck ky is`KI srUp Dwr ilAw Aqy pUrn isMG nwm r`K ilAw[ bwl AvsQw ivc mwqw jI qoN ApnweIAW syvw BwvnwvW, sMskwrW Aqy AwdrSk is`KI sMklpW qy isDWqW qoN pRyrq BweI pUrn isMG lokweI dI syvw ivc jut gey[ bdnsIb, Apwhj Aqy byAwsrw mrIzW dI Awp h`QIN syvw krdy jW aunHW nUM hspqwl pwhuMcw idMdy[

lok-BlweI dy nwL nwL Bgq pUrn isMG jI ny pVHweI dw islslw vI jwrI riKAw[ jdoN vI vylH imldw lwibryrI jWdy Aqy AwpxI ivdvqw Aqy sMswrk jwnkwrI vDwauNdy

sMn 1947 ivc dys dI vMf kwrn lhOr qoN AMimRqr Awaux smyN auh iek 15 swl dy Apwhj lVky, ijs dI syvw sMBwl auh sMn 1934 qoN kr rhy sn, Aqy iek hor mrIz nUM nwl lY Awey Aqy Kwlsw kwlj dy SrnwrQI kYNp ivc rihx lg pey[ auQy hor mrIzW dI vI syvw sMBwl krdy rhy[ kYNp bMd hox auprMq BweI pUrn isMG ny AwpxI Aqy mrIzW dI vsoN iek bohV Q`ly kr leI[ aunHW dy rotI-tu`k dw bu`qw lokW qoN mMg ky swrdy Aqy dvweIAW jW ielwj leI mrIzW nUM hspqwl lY jWdy[

BweI pUrn isMG, jo ik Bgq pUrn isMG vjoN s`dy jwx lg pey, nUM muslmwnW dw iek KwlI mkwn iml jwx qy aunHW ny aus nUM ipMglvwVw bxw ilAw[ Aqy sMn 1957 ivc ies nUM soswietI vjoN rijstr krvw id`qw, jo ik Bgq pUrn isMG ipMglvwVw vjoN pRis`D ho geI[ aunHW dI AxQk syvw qoN pRBwvq ho ky lokIN aunHW nUM dwn dyx lg pey Aqy srkwr ny cwr eykV zmIn ipMglvwVy dy nwm lw id`qI[ gurdvwrw kmytI vI mdd dyx lg peI[

Bgq pUrn isMG jI dI iviQAw Aqy is`iKAw

mYN ihMdU lVkw sW[ sMn 1923 ivc mYN eysy Sihr, luiDAwxy ivc dsvIN jmwq dw iemiqhwn id`qw[ iemiqhwn dy ipCoN kuJ idn ies Sihr ivc irhw[ mYN aunHW idnW ivc hnUmwn cwlIsy dy pwT roz krdw huMdw sW qy hPqy ivc iqMn vrq r`Kdw huMdw sW[ iek idn mYN svyr vyly ies Sihr dy KzwncIAW dy (mh`ly) iSv jI dy mMdr cilAw igAw[ mYN KUh ivcoN fol nwl pwxI k`F k`F ky TwkrW au`qy jMmy hoey cMdn auqwry[ TwkrW au`qy hr koeI cMdn Q`p jWdw hY[ cMdn nUM DoNdw qW koeI vI nhIN huMdw[ mUDw lMmw pY ky m`Qw tyikAw[ TwkrW qoN cMdn lwhuMdy Aqy mUDw lMmw pY ky m`Qw tykdy nUM vyK ky pujwrI hYrwn ho gey sn[

aus mMdr ivc sMsikRq pVHn vwly pMj ividAwrQI rihMdy sn[ ieqPwk nwl auh vkq ividAwrQIAW dy rotI Kwx dw sI[ auh ividAwrQI Aw ky bYT gey[ auhnW nUM pRSwdw vrqwieAw jwx l`igAw[ mYN vI auhnW ivc bYT igAw[ mYnUM pujwrI ny auTw id`qw[ mYnUM cwr pRSwdy dyx qoN bcx leI pMgq ivcoN auTwieAw igAw[ mYN a`unI swl dw muMfw sW qy k`pVy ividAwrQIAW vwly pihny hoey sn[

do idnW ip`CoN myry kol ryl dw ikrwieAw nw hox kwrn mYnUM luiDAAwxy qoN pYdl KMnw ksby nUM jwxw pY igAw[ rsqy ivc gurdvwrw ryrU swihb Aw igAw, ijs ivc mYnUM iek rwq ktxI peI[ gurdvwry ivc guV vwly im`Ty cOl vrqwey gey, vDIAw dwl, pRSwdy vrqwey gey[ l`sI inrw dhIN sI Aqy cwh inrw du`D sI[ lMgr vrqwaux vwly boldy rhy ik "pRSwdw gurmuKo, cOl gumuKo[" iqMn vjy Swm dy sMq Aqr isMG jI nOjvwnW nUM lY ky bYT gey qy auhnW nUM gurimq dw Awqimk igAwn dyx l`g pey[ mYN soicAw ik eyQy inry im`Ty cOlW vwlw iF`f Brn leI Bojn hI nhIN imldw blik idmwg qy ihrdy vwlw Bojn vI imldw hY[ ijhVy isMG gurdvwry dI KyqI dw kMm krdy sn mYN auhnW nUM pu`iCAw, kI qusIN qnKwh lYNdy ho? auhnW au`qr id`qw ik nhIN, AsIN qW syvw dw jIvn ibqwA rhy hW[ ies au`qr ny mYnUM hYrwn kr id`qw[

myrI mW sO mILW dI dUrI qy jw ky lhOr Sihr ivc BWfy mWjx dI nOkrI kr rhI sI qy pMj swl mYnUM pVweI dw Krc ByjdI rhI[ mYN KMnW ksby dy borifMg hwaUs ivc s`q swl dw smW irhw pr dsvI jmwq dw iemiqhwn ip`CoN qW mYN borifMg hwaUs ivc nhIN rihxw sI[ mW dy lwhOr jwx nwl Gr au`jV igAw sI[ mYN jWdw ik`Qy qy rihMdw ik`Qy? isMGW dy ieh kihx nwl ik AsIN qnKwh nhIN lY rhy, mYN soicAw mYnUM aus Gr dy drSn ho gey hn ijs ivc syvw krdw hoieAw hr byGr bMdw rih skdw hY[ mYN aus gurdvwry qoN mn vjoN is`K bx ky inkilAw[ hr roz kIqy jwx vwly hnUMmwn cwlIsy dy s`q pwT, hPqy ivc r`Ky jwx vwly iqMn vrq s`B myry mMn ivcoN au`f gey Aqy mYN mMn krky is`K bx ky aus gurdvwry ivcoN inkilAw[

gurdvwry qoN inkl ky KMnW ksby ivcoN dI huMdw hoieAw mYN Awpxy ipMf nUM pYdl jwxw hI sI[ mYN KMnW p`uj ky jpu jI swihb dw aurdU dw ikqwbcw m`ul ilAw qy ipMf nUM jWdw hoieAw pVHdw igAw[ mYN ihMdI piVHAw hoiAw sW, aurdU ivc jpu jI nUM pVHdw hoieAw jpu jI dy pMjwbI A`KrW dI pCwx krdw igAw[ gurdvwrw ryrU swihb dI iek idn dI Xwqrw ivc mYN sRI gurU gRMQ swihb dw iek A`Dw Sbd hI suixAw hovygw[ rwq pYx vyly rihrws swihb dw pwT suixAw[ kIrqn ivc iek do Sbd suxy hoxgy[ mYN is`K pMQ dy ieiqhws dI koeI swKI nhIN suxI sI[

AMgryz pwdrI jnrl ivilAm bUQ ny ieMglYNf dyS ivc mukqI POj (swlvySn AwrmI) dI buinAwd r`KI sI[ aus ny iliKAw, ‘jy qusIN dunIAW dy bMidAW nUM Awpxy v`l iK`cxw cwhuMdy ho qW iK`cW do hI hn, muswPr nUM pRSwdw Ckwau qy rwq ktwau’[ pr qusIN  ies Sihr dy iksy gurdvwry jw ky dyKo rzweIAW iknIAW mYlIAW hn[ jy rwq ktwaux qy cMgw pRSwdw Ckwaux nwl dUjy mzbhW dy bMdy is`K bx skdy hox qW hr is`K gurdvwirAW dy lMgrW qy muswPrKwinAW nUM AwdrSk FMg nwl clwaux leI dsvMD ikauN nw k`Fy? is`KI dy Kyq dIAW PslW iks qrHW bIjIAW jw skdIAW hn qy iks qrHW pwlIAW jw skdIAW hn? ies dIAW kuJ hor imswlW mYN idMdw hW-

mwisk p`qr ‘pRIq lVI’ ivc mYN piVHAw sI ik iek bRwhmx AmIr izmINdwr sI[ ies dw iek nOkr qpidk nwl ibmwr ho igAw[ aus nOkr nUM AmIr bRwhmx ny nOkrI qoN htwA id`qw qy GroN bwhr k`F id`qw[ auh rogI Awp mrn qoN pihlW dy smyN nUM ibqwaux leI ipMf qoN bwhr jw ky iek r`uK hyT lyt igAw[ iek kuAwrI eIsweI kuVI hr roz aus rogI dy ielwj, syvw sMBwl Aqy aus nUM rotI pwxI dyx leI aus kool jWdI rhI[ auh rogI eIsweI bx igAw[

SMn 1947 dI vMf qoN pihlW lwhOr dy AwrIAw g`zt’ ivc iek Kbr CpI sI, ik dyS dy iek ielwky dy kbIly dy swry pirvwr eIsweI bxn l`gy hn[ lwhOr Sihr dy au`cI pdvI vwly AwrIAw smwjIAW dw iek tolw aus kbIly pws igAw qy aus toly ny kbIly dy bMidAW nUM ikhw ik ihMdU Drm dy inXm bhuq cMgy hn qy eIsweI Drm ihMdU Drm dy AsUlW dw mukwblw nhIN kr skdw, ies leI kI (ikauN) qusIN Drm C~f rhy ho? aus kbIly dy bMidAW ny au`qr id`qw, ‘nw swnUM ihMdU Drm dy inXmW dw pqw hY qy nw eIsweI Drm dy inXmW dw pqw hY[ AsIN qW eIsweI bMidAW dy gux vyKy hn ijhnW guxW nUM vyK ky AsIN eIsweI bxn l`gy hW[ iek AMgryz swfy b`icAW dy n`k swP kirAw krdw hY, Gr vwilAW nUM AnykW cMgIAW isiKAwvW idMdw hY Aqy ijhVIAW swfIAW icMqwjnk sm`isAwvW huMdIAw hn auhnW nUM hl krdw hY[ Qwxydwr qMg kry jW koeI hspqwl jW skUl dI sm`isAw jW iksy srkwrI mihkmy dI iF`l huMdI hovy auh swfI hr sm`isAw nUM hl krdw hY[ qusIN A`j swfy pws ihMdU Drm dI g`l krn Aw gey ho! quhwfy A`j dy iek idn Awaux nwl hI AMgryz eIsweI dy keI swlW dI syvw dy kMmW nUM iks qrHW Bulw skdy hW? swfy ihridAW ivc aus eIsweI dy syvw dy kwrjW dI iek Aim`t Cwp pY cukI hY[’

jIauNdy jwgdy DrmW vwly Awpxy DrmW dIAW PslW iks qrHW bIjdy huMdy hn aus dw pqw hyT ilKI khwxI qoN l`g skdw hY, ijhVI AmrIkw dy tYkswz Sihr dy XhUdI rYbweI (pwdrI) hYnrI kohn bwry sI qy rIfrz fweIjY`st mYgzIn ivc CpI sI[ auh pwdrI Awpxy kuVqy dy kP au`qy svyr vyly vIh bMidAW dy nwm ilK lYNdw hY, ijhnW bMidAW dI shwieqw dy kwrj aus ny Swm q`k Bugqwauxy huMdy hn[ aus ny kMmW dIAW hyT iliKAW imswlW id`qIAW-

pihlW auh pwdrI hspqwl jwvygw qy aus bMdy nUM imlygw ijs nUM Awpxy pirvwr dy keI iPkr l`gy hoxgy[ auh aus bMdy nUM khygw ik mYN qyry Gr rwSn sutvw AieAw hW, hornW KrcW dw pRbMD kr AwieAw hW, mkwn dw ikrwieAw idvw AwieAw hW, b`icAW dIAW PIsW dy AwieAw hW, qyrw kMm ieh hY ik qUM rwzI ho[ Pyr auh jylH ivc jw ky iksy kYdI nUM imlygw; aus nUM vI ieho khygw ik mYN qyry pirvwr dy Krc dw pRbMD kr AwieAw hW, qUM iPkr nw krIN[ dukwndwr nUM imlygw aus nUM khygw ik qyrI DI dI SwdI hY mYN qyry mwlk mkwn nUM kih AwieAw hW ik auh qyry koloN kuJ ikrwieAw nw lvy[

auh iek idn AmrIkw dy rwStRpqI pws pu`j igAw; aus nUM aus ny ikhw ik Plwxy kYdI nUM PWsI nw idau qy mwP kr idau[ rwStRpqI ny ikhw ik, ‘XU ijaUz Awr vMfrPul pIpl’ (qusIN XhUdI Asjrj lok ho)[ hYnrI kohn ny AwiKAw ik ijs bMdy leI qyry pws AwieAw hW auh qW XhUdI mzHb dw nhIN hY, auh qW eIsweI Drm dw bMdw hY[ rwStRpqI ny ikhw qusIN ieqnI dUr qoN c`l ky myry pws aus bMdy leI Awey ho ijhVw quhwfy mzHb dw nhIN? pwdrI ny ikhw ik hW mYN dUjy mzHb dy bMdy leI quhwfy pws AwieAw hW, ijhVw eIsweI Drm dy romn kYQoilk iPrky dw bMdw hY[ mYN qW Plwxy Sihr ivc sW qy ieqlwh imlidAW swr hI auQoN sPr dw ikrwieAw auDwr lY ky qur ipAw sW[

kI koeI iksy Sihr dy gurdvwry dw m`uK gRMQI ies qrHW dI jnqw dI syvw dy kwrj nUM krn leI iqAwr hY? gurdvwry dy gRMQIAW nUM kI krnw cwhidw hY, ies dIAW kuJ imswlW mYN hyT dy irhw hW:

ipCly isAwl ivc iek phwVIAw ihMdU AimRqsr dy iek qpidk hspqwl qoN inkl ky myry pws AwieAw[ aus ny mYnUM ikhw ik aus nUM Awpxy Gr, phwV nUM jwx leI ikrwieAw cwhIdw hY[ aus dy kol phwVW nUM jwx nUM kpVw nhIN sI, pqlw kpVw sI Aqy rbV dI ju`qI sI[ mYN aus nUM pMj sO rupey dy do kMbl, do sO ds rupey vwlw grm p`tI dw kot, pcwsI rupey dw kuVqw pjwmw, 130 rupey dI ju`qI lY id`qy[ 180 rupey dy ikrwey smyq 1105 rupey bxy sI[

(6-4-91) A`j svyry mYN lUlHy nUM C`fx leI pMj vjy sRI drbwr swihb pu`jw qy swFy Cy vjy dI g`fI lYx leI svw pMj vjy sRI drbwr swihb qoN quirAw[ sRI drbwr swihb dy iek is`K XwqrI pirvwr nUM ryl dy krwey leI do sO rupey cwhIdy sn[ sRI drbwr swihb qoN aus pirvwr dy bMdy nUM pqw l`gw ik mYN rylvy stySn nUM c`ilAw igAw hW[ auh bMdw stySn qy puj igAw[ myrI a`ucI pIlI dsqwr vyK ky aus ny soicAw ik mYN hI Bgq pUrn isMG hovWgw[ aus ny myry koloN ikrwey leI rupey mMgy[ mYN aus nUM do sO rupey dy id`qy[

Bgq pUrn isMG jI, jo ik shI ArQW ivc pMQ Aqy kOm dy Anmol rqn sn, dw idhWq sMn 1992 ivc hoieAw[ auh lokweI, Kws krky is`^W vwsqy durl`B ivrsw C`f ge hn[ ihMd srkwr ny Bgq pUrn isMG nUM sMn 1981 ivc pdm SRI dy purskwr nwl snmwinAW[ ieh purskwr Bgq jI ny sMn 1984 dy swkw nIlw qwrw kwrn moV id`qw[ ik`ny du`K dI g`l hY ik pMjwb dIAW is`^ srkrW smyq is`^W dI kiQq srvauc SRomxI kmytI jW iksy iek vI is`^ sMsQw v`loN Bgq pUrn isMG nUM Fu`kvW snmwn dyx dI jwnkwrI nhIN imldI[

ipRMsIpl qyjw isMG jI

sMn 1894 ivc 2 jUn nUM rwvlipMfI qoN 4 koh (2.4 iklomItr, 1.5 mIl) dUr, dirAw suhW dy kMFy, ipMf AifAwlw dy s: Blwkr isMG dy gRih, mwqw sursvqI dI ku`KoN iek bwl dw jnm hoieAw[ ies bwl dw nwm qyjw rwm riKAw igAw[ mgroN qyjw rwm ny is`^I Dwrn kr ky qyjw isMG nwm r`K ilAw[

aus smyN hor keI irAwsqW Aqy sUibAW vWg pMjwb ivc, Kws krky ipMfW ivc, loV, pwhuMc jW auqSwh dI Gwt kwrn pVHweI krn krvwaux dw irvwj bhuq Gt sI[ bwlk qyjw isMG dy mwipAW ny vI aus nUM ipMf dy skUl ivc pMjvIN jmwq dI pVHweI krvw ky A`gy hor pVHweI krn qoN htw ilAw[ pVHweI qoN htw ky qyjw rwm dy Grdy aus nUM fMgr cwrn G`l idMdy jW h`tI qy sOdw vycx leI ibTw idMdy[

pr au`cyrI pVweI dI GUVI lgn vs hoxhwr bwlk qyjw rwm iek idn corIN ielwky dy (QorI) vMjwirAW nwl rwvlipMfI clw igAw[ AlHV qyjw rwm ijs dy boJy ivc kyvl 2 pYsy sn, Bu`Kx Bwxw, Epry Sihr, ijQy aus dw jwx pCwx vwlw koeI vI nhIN sI, ivc fwvW fol iPrn l`gw[

ies fwvW-fol AvsQw dw vrxn ipRMsIpl qyjw isMG jI dI AwpxI ilKq ivcoN, “mYN pihlI vyr Sihr AwieAw sI, auQy nw koeI jwx sI nw pCwx[ cwA sI pVHn dw pr skUl qk phuMcx ikvyN hovy[ Swm dy cwr ku vjy iek DrmSwlw dy QVHy koloN lMG irhw sW[ aus au`qy iek ibrD isMG sI qy iek ibrD ihMdU[ isMG jI ny mYnUM Eprw ijhw vyK ky puiCAw, “kwkw kI FUMfdw vyN?” mYN ikhw, “jI mYN koeI kMm lBxW vW[” “ikhVI nOkrI krnI Aw?” “jI ijhVI lB pvy[” ibrD ihMdU kihx l`gw, “Gry nI nOkrI krsyN? Bwfy mwjsyN? kpVy DosyN?” “jI hW, sBy kuJ krsW[” “kI lYsyN?” “isrP rotI qy pVHn jogI KulH qy smW[”

so auh ihMdU mYnUM Awpxy Gr nwl lY igAw Aqy mYN aus dy Gr nOkrI krn l`gw[ svyry pwxI FoNdw, iPr BWfy mWjdw[ ds vjy imSn skUl pVHn jWdw, Swm nUM iPr Aw ky kMm krdw[ AYqvwr swr t`br dy kpVy Dox leI ndI qy jWdw, rwq nUM Gr dy bu`Fy dI muTI cwpI krdw qy nwl nwl aus dI AwigAw Anuswr pRihlwd, DrU, rwm, , lCmx, sIqw, Arjx, BIm, ikRSn Awid dIAW kQwvW suxwdw jo Awpxy ipMf rihMidAW pVHIAW sn[ XwrW ku vjy bu`Fy dy sON jwx bwAd AwpxI pVHweI krn bihMdw Aqy iek jW do vjy sON jWdw[ aunHW idnW qoN hI aunINdry k`tx dI vwdI pweI hoeI hY[ mYnUM swrI aumr iqMn GMty qoN v`D kdy nINd nhIN AweI[”

qIKx bu`DI Aqy krVI mihnq dw sdkw qyjw isMG jI ny imSn skUl qoN ATvIN jmwq pws krky AMimRqsr Kwlsw skUl ivc dwKlw lY ilAw[ au`cyrI pVHweI smyN hor koeI AmgI sMgI shwieqwXog nw hox krky auh Awpxy Awp qy hI inRBr sn[ auhnW nUM 20 rupey vzIPw imldw sI Aqy auh 20 rupey iksy nUM pVHwaux dy, 20 rupey tYmrYNs nwmI iek sMsQw dy pYmPlYt ilK ky Aqy 20 rupey BWfy klI krn vwilAW leI nHyrny nwl g`qy ivc Cwpy bxw ky kmw lYNdy sn[ ies A`sI rupey mhIny dI kmweI ivcoN auh 20 rupey jylH ivc Brw nUM G`ldy sn[

ipRMsIpl qyjw isMG jI ny ivdvqw, is`iKAw Aqy swihqk KyqrW ivc au`c kotI dI pRis`DI pRwpq kIqI[ auh pYpsU BwSw ivBwg dy fwirktr bxy[ auhnW ny is`^ gurdvwrw suDwr lihr ivc v`D-cVH ky Xogdwn pwieAw Aqy is`^ rihq mrXwdw dy knvInr dw ikrdwr TrmHy Aqy isAwxp nwl inBwieAw[ Aqy gurU gRMQ swihb dw AMgryzI ivc aulQw, SBdwrQ stIk-Awid gRMQ, suKmnI, jpu, Awsw dI vwr dIAW bwxIAW dy tIky Aqy is`K Drm, jgq nUM ByNt kIqw[

ipRMsIpl qyjw iSMG jI dIAW swihqk rcnwvW- swihq drSn, AwrsI (svY jIvxI), nvW pMjwbI ipMgl, pMjwbI BOry, nvIAW socW, coxvI pMjwbI kivqw, islvr jublI buk, sihj suBw, sMswr dy AwgU, iqAwr briqAwr, siBAwcwr, pMjwbI Sbd joV, pMjwbI ikvyN ilKIey[

BweI rvyl isMG jI, muslmwn AblwvW dI r`iCAw

sMn 1947 ivc jd hr pwsy Arwjkqw PYlI hoeI sI, SYqwnW, hYvwnW qoN frdI ienswnIAq lukdI iPrdI sI, qW SRomxI gurdvwrw pRbMDk kmytI dy dPqr ivc ieqlwh pu`jI ik kuJ AprwDI iksm dy lok, B`j-n`s ivc Awpxy prvwrW nwloN ivCV cukIAW koeI 30-35 musilm AOrqW nUM Gyr ky cONk BOVI vwlw ivKy mMd-Bwvnw ADIn iksy qbyly ivc f`kI bYTy hn, koeI mMdBwgI Gtnw vwprn qoN pihlW koeI pRbMD krnw cwhIdw hY[ s: rvyl isMG jI sk`qr SRomxI kmytI, kuJ syvwdwrW nUM nwl lY ky qurMq aus QW au`qy pu`j gey Aqy kYdIAW vWgUM f`kIAW hoeIAW AOrqW nUM AwpxI ihPwzq ivc lY ilAw[ auprMq aunHW nUM auQoN ilAw ky gurU rwmdws invws ivc Srn id`qI[ ingrwnI leI is`K syvwdwr bIbIAW inXq kr id`qIAW[ lMgr Awid rihx-sihx dy hor loVINdy pRbMD kr id`qy[ Awp hr roz aunHW nwl sMprk krky aunHW nUM sur`iKAq hox dI qs`lI idMdy[ smyN dy fI: sI: Aqy hor AiDkwrIAW dI shwieqw nwl ds bwrHW idnW bwAd vwhgw bwrfr rwhIN pwiksqwnI AiDkwrIAW dy spurd kr id`qIAW[ bVI SlwGw hoeI, pwiksqwn AiDkwrIAW ny r`j ky DMnvwd kIqw[

pwiksqwn bxn qoN koeI do FweI swl bwAd pihlw is`K XwqrI jQw joV-myly au`qy gurdvwrw fyhrw swihb lwhOr pu`jw qW v`fI igxqI ivc musilm BweIcwry dy lok jQy nUM vyKx-imlx leI gurdvwrw swihb dy Sihr vwly pwsy iek`Ty ho gey[ pwik puils ny hwlW 1947 dI kuV`qx qwzI hox krky iksy AxsuKwvI Gtnw dy vwprn dy froN ienHW musilm BweIAW nUM s^qI nwl A`gy vDxoN roikAw hoieAw sI[ is`K jQw, ijs ivc s: rvyl isMG jI sB dy mUhry sI, gurdvwrw swihb dy gyt swhmxy KVw sI[ rokI hoeI musilm vIrW dI BIV ivcoN iek musilm nOjvwn bIbI puls dIAW swrIAW rokW qoVdI hoeI ny dOV ky rvyl isMG nUM AwpxIAW bwhW ivc lY ilAw qy Bwvuk ho ky rox l`g peI[ dohW pwisAW dy lok ies kOqk au`qy hYrwn sn[ s: rvyl isMG jI, jo Awp vI hYrwn sn, ny bIbI nUM DIrj id`qw qy Awpxy nwloN v`K kIqw[ bIbI ny au`cI au`cI bolxw SurU kr id`qw, ik ieh mnu`K nhIN, ieh A`lHw-qwlw dw rUp hY[ AsIN ies dI dyx nhIN Bu`l skdIAW[ pwik ispwhI bIbI nUM PV ky Awpxy pws lY gey, GUrn l`gy qW bIbI ny swry iek`Ty hoey lokW Aqy AiDkwrIAW nUM AwpxI AMimRqsr vwlI swrI hoeI-bIqI ivsQwr nwl d`sI qy ikhw ieh is`K mhwn hY[ aunHW swnUM AwpxI ihPwzq ivc r`K ky, AwpxIAW DIAW-ByxW vWg keI idn swfI pwlxw kIqI qy sur`iKAq pwiksqwn iBjvwieAw[ A`j mYN qy myry vrgIAW hor 30-35 BYxW ienHW dI imhrbwnI sdkw hI AwipxAW prvwrW ivc suKI vsdIAW hW[

“ieh swrI khwxI/iviQAw sux ky pwik AiDkwrIAW au`qy ieqnw Asr hoieAw ik auh pihlW Awp Awx ky jQy dy gl l`gy qy iPr swry iek`Ty hoey pwiksqwnIAW nUM is`K jQy nUM Ku`lH ky imlx qy gl l`gx dI AwigAw dy id`qI[ dohIN pwsIN KuSI smweI nhIN sI jw rhI[ pwisqwnIAW v`loN is`KI ikrdwr dI BrvIN SlwGw kIqI geI[ ieh hY gurU pwsoN bKiSS hoieAw is`KI ikrdwr ijs dy A`j AsIN vwrs hW[ s: surjIq isMG, swbkw mIq sk`qr, SRomxI gurdvwrw pRbMDk kmytI, AMimRqsr

gurU ky is`K ny kdy JUT bolxw hY?

ieh g`l sMn 1919 eI: dI hY[ mYN EdoN msW dsW ku virHAW dw sI[ swfy ipMf ivc do Brw, BweI Drm isMG Aqy BweI krm isMG rihMdy sn[ Drm isMG v`fw sI[ KyqIbwVI dI ikrq krdw sI[ BoieM auhnW kol bwhlI nhIN sI[ dohW t`brW dw guzwrw muSikl nwl c`ldw sI[ ieh vyK ky BweI krm isMG POj ivc BrqI ho igAw[

audoN sWJy t`brW dw irvwj sI[ BweI krm isMG dy ip`CoN aus dI pqnI qy b`icAW dI dyK Bwl BweI Drm isMG ny krnI sI[ BweI krm isMG Awpxy v`fy vIr nUM ipqw smwn smJ, AwpxI swrI kmweI mnIAwfr rwhIN aus nUM G`l idMdw[ Krc qoN bcI mwieAw nwl BweI Drm isMG hor jwiedwd KrId lYNdw[ ieMJ hOly hOly aus ny bhuq swrI jwiedwd bxw leI[

dyvnyq nwl BweI krm isMG dI icqrwl (PrMtIAr) lVweI ivc mOq ho geI[ BweI Drm isMG Awpxy BqIijAW dw posn krdw irhw qy auh juAwn ho gey[ auhnW jwiedwd ivcoN Awpxy ih`sy dI mMg kIqI[ BweI Drm isMG dy pu`qrW ny ipqw dy kihx dy bwvjUd iek ieMc BoieM vI dyx qoN ienkwr kr id`qw; ikauN jo swrI zmIn auhnW dy ipqw dy nwm sI[ BweI krm isMG dy pu`qrW ny Adwlq ivc ArzI jw id`qI[ gvwhvW dI mMg kIqI geI[ auhnW kyvl Awpxy qwey dw nwm gvwhI leI pyS kIqw[ qwrIK muk`rr ho geI Aqy Adwlq ny ipMf ivc gvwhI lYxI prvwn kr leI[

qwrIK qoN pihlI rwq nUM BweI Drm isMG dy pu`qr aus nUM iek koTy ivc bMd kr ky Aw gey[ BweI swihb nUM Adwlq dy ipMf ivc Awaux dI Kbr iml geI[ auh A~imRq vyly au`Ty, kmr k`sw kIqw, sotI h`Q ivc leI Aqy ipMf ivc Aw inkly[ Gr dI QwvyN auh is`Dy Adwlq vwlI QW phuMcy[ j`j bYTw sI[ BweI Drm isMG nUM vyK ky swrIAW A`KW auhnW v`l l`g geIAW[ j`j ny BweI swihb nUM sMboDn kridAW Adwlq irvwj mUjb ikhw, BweI swihb kho jo kuJ AwKOgy s`c AwKogy[ BweI Drm isMG jI ny AwiKAw, gurU ky is`K ny kdy JUT bolxw hY? auh qW aus gurU dw is`^ hY ijs dw Purmwn hY,

hku prwieAw nwnkw aus sUAr aus gwie[ guru pIru hwmI qw Bry jw murdwru nw Kwie]

ieh AwK ky BweI swihb ny ikhw, ‘BwvyN swrI jwiedwd myry nwm hY pr ieh bxweI qW BweI krm isMG dI K`tI qoN hY[ ies leI ies dy AslI vwies aus dy pu`qr hI hn[ j`j muslmwn sI[ ieh sux ky auh h`kw b`kw rih igAw[ aus AwiKAw, “suBwn A`lw! Aijhy ikrdwr vwly is`^W nUM kOx mwr skdw hY?” gurmiq pRcwr sBw, pitAwlw

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