gurU kf lMgr

crnjIq isMG bl

isK gurU sfihbfn jo pRcfrdy sn Aus nUM amlI rUp vI idMdy sn| ijhVy iswKI jIvn jfc aqy rihq mrXfdf dy inXmF df pRcfr krdy AuhnF nUM afpxy jIvn ivc Dfr ky nmUnf pysL krdy sn| bRfhmxF dy AUc-nIc dy ivqkry dIaF zUGgIaF jVHF puwt ky isKI dy Auqm isDFq, smfjk brfbrqf df bIj smfj dy mnF aMdr bIjx aqy loVvMdF dI srIrk loV (aMn pfxI), dI pUrqI leI gurU nfnk sfihb ny lMgr dI mrXfdf clfeI| pihlF AunHF ny afp hI vsfey ipMz krqfr pur ivc afpxI hWk-hlfl dI kmfeI ivcoN grIb-gurby aqy afey-gey rfhIaF nUM lMgr CkAux dI syvf sLurU kIqI aqy mgroN iswKF nUM vI iehI adysL idqf| gurU nfnk sfihb dI gurgwdI dy (nwnk joqI) AuqwrfiDkfrIaF ny lMgr nUM isWKLI jIvn df jLrUrI aMg bxf idqf jo gurdvfiraF ivc gurU kf lMgr vjoN pRisD hoiea|

gurU kf lMgr isKI dy cfr isDFq iswD krdf hY, smfijk brfbrqf, BfeIcfrk sFJIvflqf, prAupkfr aqy syvf| mugl smrft akbr ny 1565 ivc pMgwq ivc gurU kf lMgr Cikaf aqy ies anoKI pRMprf qoN pRBfvq ho ky gurU amr dfs sfihb dy drsLn smyN lMgr dy nf jgIr lfAux dI ieCf pRgt kIqI qF gurU sfihb ny ieh kihky nFh kr idqI ik gurU kf lMgr gurisKF dI swcI syvf aqy suwcI kmfeI nfl hI cwly qF TIk hY|

gurU sfihbfn ny ijs smyN lMgr dI mrXfdf clfeI sI EdoN afm jnMqf dI afrQk dsLf, shUlqF dI Gft aqy pRclq bRfhmxvfdI smfijk prMprf krky ihMdosqfn df smuwcf smfj Bojn BuMjy, sPF, mUhiVHaF, pIhVIaF afid Auwqy bih ky hI Ckdf sI| gurU swihbwn ny iswKI dy smfjk brbrqf dy isDFq dI pUrqI leI smyN dy rsmo irvfj anusfr iswKL/aiswKL sMgqF nUM BuMjy pMgq ivc brfbr, iekwTy bih ky gurU kf lMgr Ckx df AudysL idwqf|

pRMqU bhuigxqI iswKL mfeI/BfeIy, jo prAupkfrI qy agFh-vDU iswK gurF dI mUlL ivcfrDfrf nUM smJx qoN asmrQ hn, lMgr Ckx nUM vI iek Dfrimk krm smJ bYTy hn| aqy ijhVI lMgr Ckx dI ivDI nUM gurU sfihbFn ny 500 sfl pihlF smyN dy anukUl iswK sMgqF nUM apnfAux df adysL idqf sI, ieh ipCFh-iKwcU iswKL Aus Auqy ivcfr krky ajoky smyN, QF, mOsm aqy shUlqF anusfr ivDI ivc loVINdI qbdIlI krn qoN ienkfrI hI nhIN hn, sgoN buDIjIvI, ivdvfn aqy agHF-vwDU iswKF Auwqy aiswKL hox gurmrXf BMg krn df Pqwvf lfAuNdy hn|

mhfn iswKL ivdvfn BfeI kfnH isMG jI nfBf dy ivcfr,

(1)"vydFiq gRMQF dy krm, pRkrx-krm, Aupfsnf aqy igafn kFz ivwc vMzy gey hn| hom XgwX sLRfD, qrpx vRq afid krmF dI ivDI ijs ivc dwsI geI hY, Auh krm kFz hY| hr mjLhbF dy krm ies qrHF smJ lYxy cfhIey| siqgurU df AupdysL hY ik krmF dy Bfv smJ ky ivcfr nfl krm krny cfhIey| ivKfvy aru pfKMz nfl kIqy krm aDvf lokF dy Twgx leI krm jfl df PYlfAuxf Auwqm nhIN|" gurumq mfrqMz, pMnf 283-284

ibnu bUJy krm kmfvxy, jnmu pdfrQu Koie] sfrMrfgu mhlf 3 pMnf p0

(2) "asfzy ivc ivcfr sLkqI bhuq Gwt hY| ibnF isDFq socy hI quwC bfq qy ivqMzfvfd krn lwg jfny hF| kuC smF hoieaf ik isLRomxI gurduvfrf pRbMDk kmytI ny iksy ivdysL gey iswKL dy pRsLn df Auwqr dyNdy hoey rfie idwqI ik gurU gRMQ sfihb df isMGfsn Auwcf rwK ky gurduvfrf bxfnf aqy kursIaF qy bYTxf nf munfisb nhIN, ies sMbMD ivc hwdoN vD ky ivroD hoieaf, pr iksy ny ieh ivcfr nhIN kIqI ik ies ivwc iswKL Drm dy iks inXm df BMg hY| gurU gRMQ sfihb df pUrf adb rwK ky koeI insLcq (kMm) inMidq nhIN| iksy smyN mhfrfijaF aqy bfdsLfhF dy drbfr ivwc lok Kloqy rihMdy sn, pr smyN dy Pyr nfl mfmUlI afdmIaF nUM BI bYTn df aiDkfr iml igaf| gurU sfihbF ny pRcfrkF nUM afp mMjIaF bKsLIaF, dsmysL ny pMj ipafiraF agy Klo ky aMimRq Cikaf aqy cmkOr ivc gurqf arpn kIqI|"

"jy gurU arjn dyv jI hirmMidr afp nf bxf jFdy, AuwprlI Cwq aqy gYlrIaF ivc bYTx vfilaF dI kpfl ikRXf, ibnF sMsy ho jFdI |" gurumq mfrqMz, BUimkf, pM: B-m

kpfl ikRXf-ihMdU mq anusfr dfh smyN murdy dy isr nUM lkVI nfl BMnx dI ikRaf ijs qoN prfxI nUM ipqr lok pRfpq huMdf hY

pRym sumfrg dy krqf ilKdy hn, pRsfd jb qXfr hoie eyk jgh awCI bnfie kY sLqrMjI kMbl, loeI ikCu hor kpVf hovY ivCfey, iqs pr bYT kpiVaF nfl Cky, cAuNky kf BRm nf kry, Kfxf pIxf pivwqR hY akfl dI bKLsL hY| "ies df ieh Bfv nhIN ik cOkI, kursI, mUVyH afid qy bYT ky pRsLfd nf Cky, isDFq ieh hY ik ijs qrFH krm-kFzI, drI afid PLrsL Auqy kpVy pihn ky Bojn nhIN krdy, aijhf vihm nf kry|" BfeI kfnH isMG jI nfBf, gurumq mfrqMz pMnf 321

Dfrimk slfhkfr kmytI dI dUjI iekwqrqf jo 25 apRYLl 1935 nMU idn dy 11:30 vjy sLhId iswK imsLnrI kflj dy gurduafry ivKy hoeI aqy ijs ivwc hyT ilKy mYbrF ny Bfg ilaf sI.

1:-sR: b: sR: kfhn isMG jI nfBf .

2:-pRo: joD isMG jI .

3:-pRo: qyjf isMG jI .

4:-pRo gMgf isMG jI .

5:- jQydfr mohx isMG jI .

ijs ivwc kursIaF vfry pfs kIqf igaF mqF hyT ilKy anusfr hY.

guru pRkfsL qy kursIaF

(s) XUrp jF amrIkf afid dysLF ivwc ijWQy ik Dfrimk asQfnF ivwc kursIaF `qy bYTx df irvfj hY aYsI QFeI jy gurU gRMQ sfihb df pRkfsL AucI QF krky jy hyTF kursIaF `qyN bYiTaf jfey qF koeI hrj nhIN.

pRym sumfrg dy krqf ilKdy hn, pRsfd jb qXfr hoie eyk jgh awCI bnfie kY sLqrMjI kMbl, loeI ikCu hor kpVf hovY ivCfey, iqs pr bYT kpiVaF nfl Cky, cAuNky kf BRm nf kry, Kfxf pIxf pivwqR hY akfl dI bKLsL hY| "ies df ieh Bfv nhIN ik cOkI, kursI, mUVyH afid qy bYT ky pRsLfd nf Cky, isDFq ieh hY ik ijs qrFH krm-kFzI, drI afid PLrsL Auqy kpVy pihn ky Bojn nhIN krdy, aijhf vihm nf kry|" BfeI kfnH isMG jI nfBf, gurumq mfrqMz pMnf 321

sMq qyjf isMG, Bf: myvf isMG sLhId, Bf: blvMq isMG, Bf: Bfg isMG, Bf: sMqoK isMG, afid dIaF mhfn GflxF aqy kubfnIaF df sdkf AuqrI amYirkf dy 1 sdI pihlF bxfey gurduvfiraF ivc EQoN dI siBqf aqy rihxI-bihxI anusfr muWZ qoN hI sQfnk sMgqF lMgr myjLf Auqy CkdIaF afeIaF hn. smyN smyN Bfrq qoN afAux vfly j: tOhrf, pR: mnjIq isMG, pR drsLn isMG, sMq isMG mskIn, rfgI, ZfzI, pRcfrk afid vI ies mrXfdf anusfr lMgr myjLF Auqy hI Ckdy rhy hn.

ienHF gurduafiraF Auqy 1985 qoN iek dhfkf awiqvfdI isWK DVy dy kbjLy smyN vI ibnF iksy Brm BAu dy ieh prMprf cldI rhI. pr jdoN iek dhfky df Byd-BAu vflf BYVf pRbMD, ijs df ienHF ny kdI iksy nUM koeI ihsfb ikqfb nhIN idWqf, ienHF koloN sMgqF ny afpxy hWQ lY ilaf qF ienHF ny lMgr qpVF Aupr Ckx dy sLosLy rfhIN ktVpMQI aigafnI isWKF dIaF aMDivsLvfsLI BfvnfvF nUM BVkfAuxf sLurU kr idWqf.

lWKF zflrF dI afmdnI vfly gurduafiraF df pRbMD ienHF hwQoN jFdf lWgf qF ienHF ny Auh lfhyvMdf pRbMD muV hwiQAux vsqy bI sI, kYnyzf dy keI gurduafiraF dy lMgrF ivcoN corI aqy hulVbfjLI nfl kursIaF myjL cuk idwqy. idn ivc anyk vfr, jhF jhF Kflsf jI sfihb qhF qhF riCaf irafieq jpx vfly aKOqI KflisaF ny 21 dsMbr 1996 nUM, srI, bI sI kYnyzf dy gurU nfnk isWK gurduafry ivc muV kursIaF myjL rKx afey inhwQy isWK mfeI BfeI dI ikrpfnF nfl vZH tuk kIqI. ies hulWVbfjLI kfrn 9 jUn 1999 nUM aimRq isMG rfey, ipafrf isMG nt, msqfn isMG dUly, hrjIq isMG igWl aqy sudfgr isMG sMDU nMU 2, 2, hjLfr zflr jurmfny aqy 1, 1, sfl dI pRobysLn dIaF sjLfvF hoeIaF.

afpxy suafrQ isWDI leI ktVpMQIaF ny Bf[ rxjIq isMG, qoN 20 aprYl 1998 nUM (vWzIaF rkmF qfr ky) qpVF AuWqy lMgr Ckx df hukmnfmf, ijs nUM Auh akfl purK df hukm kih ky aMDivsLvfsLI ipCLlWgF nUM BrmfAuNdy sn, jfrI krvf ilaf. pr AuqrI amrIkf dI purfxI iek sO sflf pRMprf, sMgqF dIaF BfvnfvF aqy sLrDf nUM siqkfridaF bI sI kYnyzf dy gurduafiraF dy pRbMDkF ny lMgrF ivcoN myjL kursIaF nf cuwky. ktVpMQI DVy ny aYbtsPorz bI sI dy gurduafry dy pRDfn Bf: moihMdr isMG koloN iek mhIny dy aMdr spsLtIkrn dI icWTI, ijs AuWqy iek QF qrIk 16 akqUbr 1998 hY aqy dUjI QF 2 nvMbr 1998 hY, hukmnfimaF dI JVI lfAux vfly Bf: rxjIq isMG qoN mMgvf leI. iek mhIny ipWCoN Bf: moihMdr isWG smyq ieMzo knyzIan tfeImjL dy sMpfdk s: qfrf isMG hyar, iganI hrkIrq isMG, Bf: jrnYl isMG, Bf: ksLmIr isMG aqy Bf: rqn isMG igrn nUM pMQ ivcoN Cyk dyx df hukmnfmF mMgvf ilaF.

lMgr dy hukmnfimaF pRqI isWK ivdvfnF aqy afgUaF dIaF itpxIaF

mYN mihsUs krdf hF ik lMgr sbMDI hukmnfmf kfhlI ivc jfrI kIqf igaf. rojL rojL hukmnfmyN jfrI krn dI iprq isWK kOm leI bhuq Gfqk sfbq hoeI hY. ismrnjIq isMG mfn

pMj ipafiraF df krqWv hY ik Auh sdf isWK sMgq dIaF BfvnfvF df siqkfr krn. jy aYsf huMdf qF shI qrIkf ieh sI ik sO sfl qoN XUrp, amrIkf, knyzf, qy afstrylIaf afid ivWc vsdy isWK numfieMidaF nUM bulf ky suJfAu ley jFdy ik vrqmfn agRgfmI XuWg ivWc isWKF ny lMgr Ckx smyN qpWVDfrI hoxf hY jF myjL kursIvfdI. lMgr Ckx dI sFJI rhu-rIqI df mMqv ieqnf hI hY ik isWK BfeIcfry ivWc hr qrHF snmfnqf qy brfbrI df vrqfrf hI hovy. jykr myjL kursIaF qy bih ky vI ieh brfbrI brkrfr rWKI jf skdI hY qF ies ivDI dI inKyDI ikAuN qy ies Auqy ieqrfjL ikAuN? pRo: ipafrf isMG pdm

ieMstIicAut afP isWK stWzIjL dy 8 mYNbrF vloN j: tOhrf aqy Bf: rxjIq isMG nUM Byjy pWqr ivcoN,

kuWJ Kfs pRsiQqaF ivc myjL kursIaF Auqy lMgr Ckx nfl isWKI dy muZly asUlF dI koeI AulMGxf nhIN huMdI, ies leI isWK BfeIcfry ivc eykqf bxfeI rWKx leI ies PYsly Auqy aml hfl dI GVI rok idWqf jfvy.

isWK sMsQfvF dy inGfr bfry iesy ieMstIicAut vloN gurduafrf kMQflf ivKy krvfey sYmInfr smyN vWK vWK ivdvfnF vloN pysL kIqy ivcfr, isWKF dI Dfrimk aqy afn-sLfn dI kfiemI leI iek srb-AuWc isWK sMsQf sQfpq kIqI jfvy ijhVI nf kyvl isWK msilaF pRqI sgoN, sRI akfl qKq df jQydfr inXukq krn df PYslf kry . zf: KVk isMG

akfl qKq dy sfbkf jQydfr Bf: rxjIq isMG ny hukmnfimaF dI JVI lf idWqI sI. pMQ ivcoN iksy nUM koeI Kfrj nhIN kr skdf ikAuNik ieh pRQf vI brfhxvfd qoN leI geI hY. ies leI hukmnfmyN jfrI krn dI bjfey kurIqIaF dUr krn vWl iDafn dyxf cfhIdf hY. iek pfsy asIN dyhDfrI gurU dy ivroDI hF pr dUjy pfsy asIN afp hI sRI akfl qKq dy jQydfr nUM dyhDfrI gurU bxf idMdy hF. ies nvIN srb-AuWc isWK sMsDf nUM PYsly krny cfhIdy hn qy ienHF PYsilaF nUM akfl qKq dy jQydfr nUM lfgU krnf cfhIdf hY."

"1935/36 ivWc isWK kOm dy AuGy ivdvfnF (pRo: qyjf isMG, ipRM[ joD isMG, bfvf hriksLn isMG afid) ny prvfsI isWKF nUM ies gWl dI afigaf idWqI sI ik Auh sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb nUM AuWcf rWK ky kursIaF Auqy bYT ky dIvfn sjf skdy hn. ies leI AunHF nUM pMQ ivcoN Cykx df PYslf glq hY. zf[ mfn isMG inrMkfrI

1935/36 ivc prvfsI isWKF nUM kiQq afigaf, jo sLRomxI gu pR kmytI dI mohr hyT idWqI geI sI bfry Bf: kfnH isMG jI nfBf dI itpxI, asfzy ivWc ivcfr sLkqI bhuq GWt hY, ibnF isDFq socy hI quWC bfq qy ivqMzfvfd krn lWg jfny hF. kuC smF hoieaf ik, sLRomxI gu pR kmytI ny iksy ivdysL gey isWK dy puCWn df AuWqr dyNdy hoey rfie idWqI ik gurU gRMQ sfihb df isMGfsn AuWcf rWK ky gurduafrf bxfnf aqy kursIaF qy bYTxf nf munfisb nhIN, ies sMbMd ivWc hWdoN vD ky ivroD hoieaf, pr iksy ny ieh ivcfr nhIN kIqf ik ies ivWc isWK Drm dy iks inXm df BMg hY. jy gurU arjn dyv jI hirmMidr afp nf bxf jFdy, qF AuWprlI CWq aqy gYlrIaF ivWc bYTx vfilaF dI kpfl ikRXf ibnf sMdhy ho jFdI. gurumq mfrqMz, Buimkf pMnf B-m

(kpfl ikRXf:-ihMdU mq anusfr aMqm sskfr smyN imRqk df isr soty nfl Bnx nfl Aus nUM ipqr lok pRfpq huMdf hY)

agsq 1998 ivWc pMjfb-hirafxf dI AuWc kcihrI dy isWK vkIlF ny ienHF hukmnfimaF nUM glq aqy Bf: rxjIq isMG nUM qfnfsLfh dWsidaF Aus qoN asqIPf dyx dI mMg kIqI.

Bf: rxjIq isMG dI jQydfrI smyN akfl qKq sMbMDI hoeIaF Auprokq durGtnfvF qoN spsLt hY ik Auh kroD, loB, hAumy aqy ahMkfr df rogI hY. ieh vI spsLt hY Auh akfl qKq dy syvfdfr/jQydfr bxn dy aXog sI, ikAuNik jF qF Aus nUM sLRomxI kmytI vloN prvfsI isWKF nUM gurduafiraF ivWc kursIaF rWKx dI 1935/36 dI afigaf bfry igafn nhIN sI. jy igafn sI qF Aus ny kursIaF cuWkx aqy AunHF nUM isWK pMQ ivWcoN Cykx dy hukmnfmyN jfrI krky afpxI hUVHmq df pRgtfvf kIqf sI.

sR: pUrn isMG jI josL sLRomxI gurduvfrf pRbMDk kmytI dy mYNbr ilKdy hn, "ivdysLF ivc rihMdIaF sMgqF leI lMgr dI mrXfdf df PYslf qF sRI akfl qKLq sfihb qoN ho igaf pr sfrI (sLRomxI kmytI dI) aYgjLYkitv hr mIitMg ivc lMgr ivcoN iqafr ho ky afieaf pRsLfdf kursIaF qy kocF qy bYT ky CkdI hY| kI ieh mrXfdf dI AulMgxf nhIN?"