pMjwbI Aqy gurmuKI

crnjIq isMG bl

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pMjwb dI mW-bolI, pMjwbI, Bwrq dIAW purwqn bolIAW ivcoN hY[ 1988 dy srvyKx Anuswr ies dI vrqoN krn vwilAW dI igxqI 7 kroV 60 lK (76,000,000) sI[ sMswr dIAW hor bolIAW vWgUM pMjwbI bolI dy AwrMB Aqy ivkws bwry ivsqwrpUrn jwxkwrI ieiqhws qoN G`t hI imldI hY[ jwpdw hY ik pMjwbIAW smyq hor ividAkW, ivdvwnW, bu`DIjIvIAW Aqy ieiqhwskwrW ny ies bwry Koj krn dI KycL G`t hI kIqI hY[

pRwikRq, sMsikRq

sDwrn sUJ-bUJ dy AwDwr Aqy BwSw ivigAwn qoN spSt hY ik mnu`KI BwSw dw Awid Aqy ivkws mUMh-bolI BwSw qoN huMdw hY[ Aqy muMh-bolI Aqy ilKqI BwSw iek dUjI qoN kuJ vKrI huMdI hY[ pRBU rcnw dy At`l kudrqI inXm Anuswr mnu`Kqw dIAW boliAW vI sihjy sihjy bdldIAW rihMdIAW hn[ pRwpq jwnkwrI Anuswr Bwrq dIAW purwqn bolIAW frwivfw BwSw dIAW v`K v`K SwKW qwiml, qilgU, kwnVw, milAwlm, kuruK, auVIAw, pRwikRq, pwlI Awid sn[ Aqy ijs ivc irSIAW ny vyd, Swsqr, ismRqIAW, purwx, Awid rcy auh sMsikRq jwxI jWdI sI[ smyN dy clwk Dwrimk AwgUAW Aqy ivdvwnW, Bwv bRwmxw ny ies nUM dyv BwSw dw nwm dy kyy ies dI pVHweI ilKweI dy AiDkwr auc-jwqIAW leI rwKvyN r`K lY[

ApBRMS

smyN dy nwl jdoN sMsikRq vWgUM pRwikRq ivc vI swihq ricAw jwx lg ipAw qW Bwrq dy Awm lokW dI mUMh-bolI BwSw dw nwm ApBRMS pY igAw[ Bwrq dy v`K v`K pRWqW ivc pRwikRq dI QW v`K v`K ApBRMS bolI jwx lg peI[ AjokI pMjwbI dw Awid Aqy ivkws vI purwqn pMjwb pRWq dI sQwnk mUMh-bolI ApBRMS BwSw qoN hI hoieAw hY[

11vIN sdI qoN muglW smyq au`qr-pCmI dysW dy jyqU hmlwvrW dIAW grIk, pSqo, ArbI, PwrsI, Awid bolIAW dI SbdwlI dw pMjwbI bolI ivc suBwivk hI pRvyS ho igAw[ Aqy AMgryzW dy is`^ rwj Bwv pMjwb au`qy biritS (AMgryzI) swmrwjI kbzy kwrn AMgryzI Sbd vI pMjwbI ivc pRvyS kr gey[

A`j jdoN smu`cy, Bwv pUrbI (BwrqI) Aqy p`CmI (pwiksqwnI) pMjwb qoN dunIAW dy qkrIbn hr dys ivc pMjwbI lok jw vsy hn qW inscy hI pMjwb dI mW-bolI pMjwbI dI aunHW swry dysW ivc vI vrqI jwx lg peI hY[ pRwpq jwxkwrI Anuswr dunIAW dIAW bolIAW ivcoN pMjwbI bolI A`j nOvyN drjy qy hY[ Bwrq dy keI iek sUibAW ivc pMjwbI pVweI jWdI hY Aqy ies bolI nUM dUsrw drjw id`qw igAw hY[ knyfw dy kuC skUlW ivc vI pMjwbI pVHwe jWdI hY[ pwiksqwn dy pRis`D lyKk Aqy swbkw vzIr mIAW PKr zmwn dI dsMbr 2001 dI sUcnw Anuswr "pihlW pwiksqwn, pMjwb dy kwljW ivc hI pMjwbI pVHweI jWdI sI pr hux srkwr ny pihlI jmwq qoN hI pMjwbI lwgU kr id`qI hY[ Aqy srkwr ny ieh PYslw vI ilAw hY ik pMjwb srkwr dI mjls ivc qkrIr Aqy bihs vI pMjwbI ivc kIqI jwvy["

mIAW PKr zmwn, jo ik ivSv pMjwbI kWgrs dy cyArmyn hn, dI AprYl 2004 dI sUcnw Anuswr lwhOr ivc pMjwbI XUnIvristI sQwpq krn dI iqAwrI ho rhI hY[ aunHW ny aus smyN Aws pRgtweI sI ik 6 mhIinAW ivc ies XUnIvristI dI sQwpnw ho jwvygI[

s: jYqyg isMG AnMq Anuswr pCmI (pwiksqwn) pMjwb ivc drjn qoN v`D pMjwbI rswly lgwqwr Cwpy jWdy hn[ lihrW nwm dw mhInwvwr rswlw, ijs nUM p`CmI pMjwb XUnIvristI v`loN mwxqw pRdwn hY, 40 swl qoN inRMqr Cp irhw hY[ AYNglo pMjwbI kwlj lwhOr dy pMjwbI dy pRoPYsr A^qr husYn A^qr dI rihnumweI hyT bxweI geI pMjwbI mjls v`loN lihrW nwm dw rswlw kwlj rswly vjoN CwipAw igAw, jo bwAd ivc pUry mulk ivc pRclq ho igAw[ ipCly iq`nW dhwikAW qoN AmrIkw, knyfw Aqy ieMglYNf ivc pMjwbI pricAW Aqy rswilAW dI igxqI v`DdI v`DdI keI drjxW ho geI hY[

gurmuKI

is`^, Ais`^ jgq ivc ieh ivcwr pRclq hY ik gurmuKI vrx-mwLw (pYNqI AKrI ilpI), jo ik A`j-klH pMjwbI ilpI vjoN pris`D hY, gurU AMgd jI dI rcI hoeI hY[ v`K v`K ivdvwnW dy ivcwrW dw incoV ieh hY ik gurU swihb dy smyN pMjwb ivc auqrI Bwrq dI mhwjnI BwSw nwl sMbMDq lMfy ilpI pRc`lq sI[ pr ies ilpI ivc lgW nhIN vrqIAW jWdIAW sn[ gurU swihb ny ies Gwt nUM pUrI krn vjoN dyvnwgI ivcoN lgW lY ky lMifAW nwl joV id`iqAW[ pr s: Syr isMG Aym: AYs: sI, kSmIr dI Koj Anuswr gurmuKI jW pMjwbI ilpI lMfy ilpI nwloN kSmIr dI ilpI swrdw nwl v`D imldI juldI hY[ ies q`Q dI puStI aunHW ny fw: isDySvr vrmw, Aym: ey: fI: ilt: Aqy pMjwb dy iek BwSw-ivigAwnI qoN krvweI[

“gurmuKI dw ihMdI nwl sMbMD kyvl pRclq ivcwr kwrn hY, jo ik BwSw-ivigAwn Anuswr TIk nhIN hY ikauNik gurU-kwl smyN ihMdI dyvnwgrI ilpI ivc ilKI hI nhIN sI jWdI[ AjokI ihMdI ilpI bhuq nyVly vrqmwn dI hY Aqy gurmuKI dw ies nwL koeI sMbMD nhIN[” fw: vrmw

“kWgVy dI BwSw dI ilpI twkrI hY, ij`dW kSmIr dI ilpI swrdw hY[ ieh dovyN gupqw (pwlI) ilpI nwl sMbMDq hn[ swrdw ilpI ivc gurmuKI vWg A`KrW aupr lkIr pweI jWdI hY, lMfy (ilpI) A`KrW au`qy (lkIr) C`f id`qI jWdI hY Aqy A`KrW nUM FukvW rUp nhIN id`qw jWdw[” iek srkwrI BwSw-ivigAwnI, (31-3-1929)

“vDweI! quhwfw Anumwn Tik inkilAw, gurmuKI lMfy (ilpI) nwl sMbMDq nhIN[” fw: vrmw

gurmuKI jW AjokI pMjwbI ilpI dw sMbMD BwvyN dyvnwgrI, lMfy jW swrdw nwl hovy pr gurmuKI dI pYNqI A`KrI ilpI gurU nwnk swihb dy smyN pihloN qoN hI vrqoN ivc sI jW gurU nwnk dyv jI ny Awp ieh ilpI bxweI sI[ ieh q`Q gurU nwnk dyv jI dI pYNqI bMdW vwlI rwgu Awsw, mhlw 1, ptI, Bwv vrx-mwlw, jo ik gurU gRMQ swihb dy 432-434 pMinAW qy AMkq hY, qoN is`D huMdw hY[ ies pYNqI dy A`KrW dI qrqIb AjokI qrqIb nwloN v`KrI hY Aqy aucwrx vI v`Krw hY[

AwrIAw smwjI dXw nMd dw dMB

k`tV ihMdU ArIAw smwj dw moFI gujrwqI bRwhmx dXw nMd, jo ik Awp pMjwbI bolI dy ivkws qoN au`kw korw sI Aqy gurU nwnk dyv jI dy pMjwbIAW nUM aunHW dI TyT pMjwbI ivc auqm AiDAwqmk, smwijk Aqy BweIcwrk jIvn jwc dI syD dyx dy sMklp qoN vI Axjwx sI AwpxI mUVHm`q pRgtwauNdw hoieAw aultw gurU swihb nUM dMBI ilK igAw hY, “vyd Awid Swsqr AOr sMsikRq kuC BI nhIN jwnqy Qy[ Agr jwnqy hoqy qo inrBX lPz ko inrBO ikauN ilKqy … aun gMvwroN (is`^) SrDwlUauN) ky swmHny ijnhoN ny sMsikRq kBI sunI BI nhIN QI ‘sMsikRq sqoqR’ (slok) bnw kr sMsikRq ky BI pMifq bn gey hoNgy[ … aun ko AwpnI Sohrq kI KwhS zrUr QI … jb kuS Kud-psMdI QI qo iezq-Sohrq ky lIey kuS dMB BI kIAw hogw … [” s`iqAwrQ pRkwS, aurdU qrjmw, cOQI AyfISn, pMnw 399

pMjwbI mW-bolI nwl Droh

bolI dy AwDwr qy sUibAW dI bxqr AWDrw qoN SurU hoeI[ auQoN dw iek BweI rmolo mrn vrq r`K ky clwxw kr igAw[ BVky hoey lokW v`loN h`doN v`D A`g PUk, BMn qoV Aqy bd-AmnI kwrn nihrU nUM qilgU bolI dy AwDwr qy AWDrw pRdys bxwaux dI mMg pRvwn krnI peI[ is`ty vjoN Bwrq dy sUby bolI dy AwDwr qy bxwaun leI iek kimSn QwipAw igAw[ AkwlI dl ny pMjwbI bolI dy AwDwr qy pMjwbI sUby dI mMg kyNdrI srkwr A`gy r`K id`qI[ iPrkU ihMdU AMS, jo ik “ihMdU, ihMdI, ihMdUsqwn” dy nwAry lwauNdy hoey swry ihMdosqwn ivc ihMdI lwgU krnw cwhuMdy sn, pMjwbI bolI dy AwDwr qy pMjwbI sUby dI bxqr dy ivroD ivc f`t gey[

igAwnI krqwr isMG ny pMjwb dy mu`K mMqrI BIm sYn s`cr qoN pMjwb nUM pMjwbI Aqy ihMdI, do ielwikAW ivc vMfx dw PwrmUlw mMnvw ilAw[ s`cr AMqrm PwrmUly Anuswr AMbwlw Aqy srsw ivc ihMdI Aqy pMjwbI pVweI jwx l`g peI[ pMjwbI dy k`tV ivroDI AMSW mhwSy, AwrIAw smwjI Aqy kWgrs, jo ik swry ihMdUsqwn ivc kyvl ihMdI hI lwgU krnw cwhuMdy sn, ny kmr k`sy kr ley[

s: pRqwp isMG kYroN ny bolI dw ivSw sulJwaux leI sR: joD isMG Aqy jY cMd AlMkwr dw do mYNbrI kimSn bxw id`qw[ ies kimSn dw mqw, 'pMjwb dI bolI pMjwbI pr ilpI dyvnwgrI', jY cMd ny jlMDr ivc ho rhI kyNdrI lyKk sBw dI iekqrqw ivc pyS kIqw[ s: jsvMq isMG kMvl Aqy hIrw isMG drd ny mqy nUM prvwn krno nWh kr id`qI pr sBw dy pRDwn gurbKS isMG pRIq lVI Aqy sk`qr mohn isMG kvI ny ies kr ky poVqw kr id`qI ik auhnW dIAW dyvnwgrI ivc rcnwvW swry Bwrq ivc pVIHAW jwxgIAW[ s: jsvMq isMG dI pRyrnw qy AkwlI piqRkw Aqy AjIq dy sMpwdkW ig: SwdI isMG Aqy sR: swDU isMG hmdrd ny gurmuKI ilpI dy h`k ivc lyK ilKy[ sR: gurbKS isMG ny pRIq lVI ivc dyvnwgrI ilpI dy h`k ivc lyK iliKAw[

ij`Qy 1947 ivc surAwQI, jnUnI muslm lIgI ijnwh, byiemwn nihrU, gWDI, ptyl Awid AwgUAW dI Drm dy AwDwr qy dys dI ku`qy-DUh vMf kwrn pMjwb dy do f`kry kIqy gey Aqy pMjwb qy aus dI vsoN muslmwn Aqy ihMdU qy is`^ Drm AwDwr qy vMf ho gey, au`Qy dys dy hor sUibAW vWg bolI dy AwDwr qy AkwlI dl dI pMjwbI sUby dI mMg kwrn hux pMjwbI vsoN iek vwr Pyr ihMdU Aqy is`^ Drm dy AwDwr qy vMf ho geI[ is`^ AkwlI dl pMjwbI sUbw, ijs ivc ihMdUAW Aqy is`KW dy AiDkwr Aqy shUlqW brwbr hoxy sn, sQwpq kr ky pMjwbI bolI Aqy siBAwcwr nUM sMjIv rKxw cwhuMdw sI[ pr is`^ AkwlI AwgUAW ny smu`cy pMjwbI BweIcwry nUM Awpxw ivSvws pwqr bxwaux dI jW qW loV hI nw smJI jW auh ies pKoN AsmrQ rhy[

aUVI eIVI nhIN pVHnI

dUjy pwsy iPrkw pRsq k`tVpMQI ihMdU mhwiSAW, AwrIAw smwjI Aqy kWgrsI nyqwvW ny pMjwbI ihMdUAW Aqy dilqW nUM Brmw id`qw, ik pMjwbIAW dI mwq-BumI pMjwbI sUbw nhIN sgoN Kwilsqwn bx jwxw hY[ mrdm SmwrI smyN pMjwb kWgrs dy sk`qr ny g`SqI p`qr rwhIN auhnW nUM mW-bolI pMjwbI dy QW ihMdI ilKvwaux dw AwdyS dy id`qw[ auprokq juMflI, jo ik pMjwb dI mW-bolI pMjwbI mMxn qoN AwkI sI, ny jlMDr ivc jlUs k`iFAw Aqy mMFIr qoN nwAry lvwey ik “aUVI eIVI nhIN pVHnI[”

pMjwbI dy ivroDI DVy iv`loN ‘is`^ ihMdUAW ivcoN hn Aqy swfI mW-bolI ihMdI hY’ dy prcwr kwrn pMjwb dI Ais`^ vsoN ny AwpxI mW-bolI pMjwbI nUM bydwvw dy id`qw[ pMjwbI sUby dI h`dbMdI bolI dy AwDwr qy aulIkI jwx dI QW suAwrQI qy k`tVpMQI AgUAW dI imhr dw sdkw Dwrimk ivvwd dw ivSw bx ky rih geI[ BwvyN pUry pUrbI (BwrqI) pMjwb ivc pMjwbI pVHI, ilKI Aqy bolI jWdI sI, pr mrdm SumwrI smyN Ais`^ pMjwbIAW ivcoN ijnHW nUM ihMdI AwauNdI vI nhIN sI, ny vI pMjwbI ivc bol ky ilKvwieAw ik auhnW dI mW-bolI ihMdI hY[

AKIr jdoN AkwlIAW dy moricAW Aqy ivDwn sBw sk`qr sR hukm isMG dI pMjwbI sUby dy h`k ivc irport dI sMbwvnw dy is`ty vjo pMjwbI sUby dI mMg prvwn hox vwLI sI qW pMjwbI mW-bolI dy kpUq AwgUAW nUM BwjVW pY geIAW[ auh kwmrwj nUM jw imly[ aus qoN inrwS ho ky AwrIAw smwjI gRih mMqrI gulzwrI lwl nMdw dI Srx jw pY[ aus dI shwieqw nwl h`dbMdI kimSn ivc cor-drvwzy QwxI jw vVy[ h`dbMdI kimSn ny pMjwb dI k`t v`F krky pMjwbI sUbI bxw id`qI[ KrV dy ipMfW nUM aujwV ky bxweI geI pMjwb dI rwjDwnI cMfIgVH kyNdrI ielwkw bxw id`qw[ kWgrVw, nwlwgVH Aqy iSmlw ihmwcl dI JolI Aqy kwlkw, AMbwlw, ghUlw, srsw, sUrjpur, mornI Aqy ipMjor hirAwxy dI JolI pw id`qy[

pMjwbIAW dI mwq BumI pMjwb, ijs dIAW h`dW kdI mwrkMfy dirAw qoN lY ky jyhlm dirAwauN pwr t`pIAW hoeIAW sn, jnUnI muslmlIgI ijnwh, byeImwn kWgrs nihrU, gWDI, iPrkU AwrIAw smwj, svXm syvk sMG Aqy joS dy p`ky pr hoS dy k`cy AkwlIAW dI kIqI krvweI v`F tu`k kwrn sWJy pMjwbI sUby dI QW sUbI hI bx ky rih igeI[ is`ty vjoN pMjwbI boldy ielwikAW nUM pMjwb nwloN qoV ky ihMdI boldy ielwikAW nwl joV dyx krky pMjwb dI gOrvmeI mW-bolI pMjwbI nUM Fw l`gI[

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