akfl qKq aqy jQydfr

crnjIq isMG bl

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sMn 1608 qoN akfl qKLq aqy ies nfl sMbMDq ivakqIaF, kfrvfeIaF, GtnfvF aqy durGtnFvF bfry idwqI geI ieiqhfsk jfnkfrI qoN sujfx pfTk inrxY kr lYx ik kiQq akfl qwKLq mhwqv df aqy aKOqI jQydfr df ikrdfr kI hn. kI ieh akfl qwKq iswKF df rfjsI kyNdr jF pUjnIk asQfn hY? kI ies asQfn df sLromxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI vloN inXukq aqy syvf-mukq kIqf jfx vflLf kiQq jQydfr iswK pMQ df dfs, srvAuc afgU, pop jF akfl purK hY? kI ies nUM kiQq hukmnfmyN jfrI krn df aiDkfr hY? ijhVy iswKL mfeI BfeI bicqR nftk nMU gurU goibMd isMG jI dI ikRq mMndy hoey kiQq jQydfr dy hukmnfimaF nUM akfl purK df hukm afKdy hn, AunHF dI socxI qy kQnI aqy gurU goibMd isMG jI dy kiQq muK vfkF ivc ikwnF aMqr hY.

jo hmko prmysr Aucrh hY qy sB nirk kuMz mih pir hY.

mo ko dfs qvnu kf jfno Xf mYN Bydu n rMc pCfno. bicqR nftk Bfg 6 CMd 32-33

Dfrmk asQfn dI mihmf Aus ivwcoN afqmk igafn, mfnsk sLFqI aqy sdfcfrk mnuwKI jIvn jfc pRdfn krn vflI pRcfrI jFdI AuwcI suwcI iswiKaf krky huMdI hY. iswK Dfrimk asQfnF dI mhfnqf AunHF ivc gurU gRMQ sfihb dI hoNd aqy Aus dy pfvn sLbd duafrf swcY akfl purK dy nfm dI isPq sflfh aqy Auwqm jIvn jfc dI isiKaf, Bfv gurmiq krky hY, nf ik asQfn dI suMdrqf, iksy ivakqI jF sMsQf dI hoNd krky.

ijwQY jfie bhY myrf siqgurU so Qfnu suhfvf rfm rfjy]

gurisKI so Qfnu Bfilaf lY DUir muiK lfvf] rfgu afsf m: 4 pMnf: 450

sgl Qfn qy Eh AUqm Qfnuu] nfnk ijh Git vsY hir nfmu] rfgu gAyVI suKmnI pMnf 266

Gr mMdr ht nfly sohy, ijs ivic nfmu invfsI rfm] rfgu sUhI m: 5, pMnf 783

Qfnu suhfvf pivqu hY ijQY sMq sBf] isrI rfgu m:5 pMnf 44

iksy Dfrimk/rfjsI afgU dI vizafeI Aus dI Auwqm socxI, kQnI, krnI, afcrx, sdfcfr, inrpwK qy insLkfm vrqfry aqy kOm nUM iekwiTaF rwK ky cVdI klf vl iljfx dI Xogqf qy inrBr hUMdI hY, nf ik Ausdy isMGfsn Auqy bYTx-ibTfx jF aKOqI isMG sfihbfn/jQydfr bx jfx krky. gurmiq aqy iswKI ivcfrDfrf anusfr swcy guriswK afgU jF rfjsI pRbMDkI ZFcy ny rfjsI nIqI dI syD gurU gRMQ sfihb dI gurbfxI qoN lYxI huMdI hY. pRfpq jfnkfrI qoN gvfhI nhIN imldI ik ajoky kiQq iswK jQydfr/isMG sfihbfn iswKI dy muZly isDFqF dI pflnf krdy rhy hn. gurbfxI guriswK, Kfs krky iswK afgU, nUM idRVH krfAuNdI hY ik,

imTqu nIvI nfnkf gux cMigafeIaf qqu]” afsf dI vfr, pMnf 470

qKq rfjf so bhY ij qKqY lfiek hoeI] ijnI scu pCfixaf scu rfjy syeI] rfgu mfrU vfr, m: 3 pM:1088

gurU gRMQ sfihb aqy gur/iswK Lieiqhfs qoN pRfpq gvfhI anusfr sLbd hukmnfmf, jQydfr aqy akfl qKq gurU sfihbfn vyly aqy Aus qoN bhuq smF mgroN dI iswK sLbdfvlI ivc nhIN vrqy jFdy sn. gurU gRMQ sfihb ivc hukmI sLbd pRmfqmF vfsqy aqy hukm Aus dy Bfxy vjoN vriqaf imldf hY.

iksy rfjsI kyNdr dI mhfnqf Aus AuwqoN mnuwKI aiDkfrF, smfjk brfbrqf, kOmI eykqf aqy lok BlfeI dy inrpwK sDFqF aDIn clfeI jFdI nIqI krky huMdI hY, nf ik Aus ivc ibrfjmfn rfjsI ivakqI jF sLryxI krky. vfsqv ieiqhfsk jfnkfrI anusfr gurU hirgoibMd sfihb ny iswKF df mIrI df (rfjsI) kyNdr iswKI dy pIrI dy kyNdr, hirmMdr dy smUh ivc bxfieaf qF jo iswKF df mIr (agvfeI ZFcf), iswKF dy pIr, (jugo-jug atwl gurU gRMQ sfihb) qoN syD lY ky sRysLT rfjsI agvfeI duafrf iswK Drm aqy kOm dI cVHdI klf kr sky.

akfl buMgf

BfeI kfnH isMG nfBf, pRo: sfihb isMG, zf: gMzf isMG, ipMR: qyjf isMG aqy pRo: krqfr isMG vrgy pRisD ivdvfnF dIaF ilKIaF iswK ieiqhfsk pusqkF dy pMinaF qoN jfnkfrI imldI hY ik gurU hrgoibMd sfihb ny sMn 1608/9 ivc isKF dy juV-bYTx df asQfn iek QVHy dI bxqr df bxvfieaf| ies df nFm akfl buMgf riKaf igaf. akfl buMgf qoN iesdf nFm akfl qKq kdoN qy ikdF riKaf igaf, ieiqhfs qoN spsLt jfxkfrI nhIN imldI. bfvf hiriksLn isMG jI anusfr gurdvfrf pRbMD suDfr lihr smyN (sMn 1920) ies df nFm akfl qKq nhIN, akfl buMgf hI pRcwlq sI.

BfeI kfnH isMG jI nfBf mhfn kosL ivc akfl qKLq bfry ilKdy hn, “sRI gurU hrgoibMd sfihb ny sMmq 1665 (sMn 1608/9) ivc sRI aMimRqsr hirmMidr sfihb dy sfmHxy iewk Auwcf rfj-isMGfsn (QVf) iqafr krvfky Aus df nfAN ‘akfl buMgf’ rwiKaf, ijs QF svyry aqy sMJ nUM dIvfn lgf ky sMgqF nMU inhfl krdy sn. akfl buMgf pMQk jQybMdI df kyNdR hY. pMQ ies QF muZ qoN gurumqy soDdf afieaf hY. ieh gurdvfrf iswKF df pihlf qKLq hY.”

“gurU hrgoibMd sfihb dy smyN isK sMgqF ies asQfn sfHmxy iekwqr huMdIaF aqy gurU sfihb ies Auqy ibrfjmfn huMdy aqy iswKF dy duK qklIPF aqy JgVy suxdy aqy nijTdy. ies asQfn Auqy srIrk bl dy mukfbly vI huMdy. qkrIbn sMn 1615 ivc gurU sfihb nUM imlx afey jhFgIr ny akfl buMgy dI iemfrq mukMml krn dI pysLksL kIqI. gurU sfihb ny ieh kihky pysLksL apRvfn kr idqI ik “mYnMU aqy myry isKF nUM afpxI imhnq aqy kmfeI nfl ieh asQfn bxf lYx idAu. mYN ies nMU afpxy isKF dI syvf aqy kurbfnI df icMnH bxfAuxf cfhuMdf hF.”

sMn 1628 ivc muglF nfl isKLF dI lVfeI hoeI, ijs ivc isKLF dI agvfeI gurU hrgoibMd sfihb ny afp kIqI, isKLF dI ijwq hoeI. ies lVfeI qoN mgroN (sn 1630 ivwc) gurU sfihb aiMmRqsr qoN krqfrpur, jlMDr cly gey . ies qoN mgroN gurU hir rfie sfihb, jo ik sMn 1648 ivwc aMimRqsr af ky 6 mhIny rhy sn, qoN ibnf iksy vI gurU sfihb dy crn hirmMdr jF akfl qKq ivc nhIN peY.

sMn 1665 ivc hirmMdr dy drsLn krn igey gurU qyg bhfdr sfihb nUM mhMqF, pujfrIaF ny hirmMdr smUh nUM ijMdry lf ky aMdr jfx qoN rok idwqf sI.

hirmMdr/akfl qKLq smUh ivKy iekwT aqy GtnfvF/durGtnfvF

ivsfKI, dIvflI aqy hor loVINdy smyN isK kOm dy srmOr afgUaF, srbwq-KLflsf, sLRomxI [gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI afid dIaF iekwqrqfvF gurmqy soDn, gurduafrf prbMD-suDfirk lihrF, Drm-prcfirk jQybMdIaF kfiem krn aqy kOm/dysL dy vYrIaF ivruD moricaF dIaF ivANuqF hirmMdr/akfl qKq smUh ivKy gurU gRRMQ sfihb dI hjLUrI ivc huMdIaF rhIaF hn.

qkrIbn sMn 1710 ivc ies sQfn ivKy mfJf aqy dUjy ielfikaF df sfrf Kflsf pMQ, ijsdI kul igxqI lg Bg 8000 sI, slfh msLvrf krn vfsqy iekwqr hoieaf.

sMn 1716 ivc, bMdf isMG bhfdr dI sLhIdI dy mgroN, pMQ do DiVaF ivc vMz ho igaf. “Kflsy df ivsLysL JgVf AunHF iswKLF nfl sI ijnHF nUM bMdeI ikhf jfx lg ipaf sI ikAuNik AunHF ny bMdf isMG nUM Aus dy iBafnk aMq kfrn dyv-pdvI dy idwqI sI aqy AunHF df ies gwl ivc ivsLvfs sI ik Aus nUM afKrI gurU (goibMd isMG jI) qoN guirafeI dI ivrfsq pRfpq hoeI sI| jdoN ivqkry iek vfr Dfrimk rMg PLV lYx qF Auh igxqI ivc vwD qoN vwD pRBfvsLflI bxdy jFdy hn. Kflsf nIly rMg nUM psMd krdf sI pr bMdeIaF ny lfl rMg psMd krnF sLurU kr idwqf. ‘Pqih drsLn’ df nfarf ‘Pqih vfihgUrU jI kI’ dy ivruwD sI. bMdeI sLfkfhfrI hox Auqy jLor idMdy sn aqy Kflsf mfsfhfrI hox df smrQk sI.” zf: gMzf isMG, ipRMsIpl: qyjf isMG, iswKL ieiqhfs , pMnf 131

mfqf suMdrI jI, jo ies smyN idwlI rih rhy sn, nUM ienHF DiVaF dy JgiVaF df pqf lwgf qF AunHF ny BfeI mnI isMG jI nUM sRI hirmMdr smUh df muK grMQI aqy pRbMDk inXukq krky aimRqsr Byijaf. aMnHIN sLrDf jF aigafnqf vs bhuq igxqI iswK BfeI mnI isMG nUM akfl qKq df pihlf jQydfr dsdy hn ijs dI ieiqhfs qoN gvfhI nhIN imldI.

sMn 1720 dI ivsfKI df Auqsv mnfAun afey KflseIaF ny akfl buMgy ivc afpxf zyrf lfieaf jd ik bMdeIaF ny JMzfbuMgf dy ahfqy ivc afpxf awzf jmf ilaf. doNhF DiVaF dy afps ivcly vYr ivroD kfrn nObq hwQopfeI qk af geI. BfeI mnI isMG jI ny doNhF DiVaF dy ivckfr Kloky aqy isafxp nfl durGtnf nMU vwDn qoN rok ilaf.

dUjI vfr bfbf kfhn isMG jI, spuqr bfbf ibnod isMG jI, ny siQqI nUM ivgVn qo bcf ilaf. bhuq sfry bMdeI DVy vfly dl-Kflsf ivc rl gey pr ijhVy lok ajy vI Kflsy dy ivroD ivc zty rihx dI ijLd kr rhy sn AunHF nUM drbfr sfihb dIaF pRkrmF ivcoN bfhr kwZ idwqf igaf aqy Aus vyly hoeI hwQopfeI ivc bMdeIaF df afgU mhMq isMG mfiraf gaf.

sMn 1733 ivc akfl qKq ivKy srbq-Kflsf dy iekwT ny s[ kpUr isMG PyYjLlpurIey nUM nvfb dy iKqfb vfsqy aqy afgU vjoN cuixaf.

29 mfrc 1748 ivsfKI vfly idn isK BfrI igxqI ivc aimMRqsr ivc iekwTy hoey. nvfb kpUr isMG dy suJfAu qy jwsf isMG afhlUuvflIaf nUM dl-Kflsf df prmuK afgU cuixaf.

ivsfKI 1748 nUM dl-Kflsy dIaF igafrF iekfeIaF sQfpq kIqIaF geIaF jo bfad ivc isWK imslF bx geIaF. ienHF isWK imslF dy srdfrF ny vdysLI hmlfafvrF nfl jMgF, rfj Bfg dI gmrUrI (GmMz) aqy prspr vYr-ivroD kfrn gurduafrieaF dy pRbMD suDfrn aqy iswKI pRcfr vl AuWkf iDafn nhIN idwqf.

isWKF dI bfrHvI Bfv PUlikaF dI imsl ijs dI sQfpnf srbq Kflsf vloN nhIN sI kIqI geI, df vqIrf aqy vrqfrf kdI vI iswK pMQ jF dUjIaF imslF nfl sFJIvflqf vflf nhIN irhf. ies df moZI bfbf aflf isMG iksy vI srbq Kflsf dy smfgm ivwc sLfml nhIN sI hoieaf. srbq Kflsf ny aihmd sLfh abdflI aqy mrhitaF dI aDIngI mMn lYx krky ies nUM zMn lfey. zMn lfAux dy gurmqy dl-Kflsf ny ikwQy soDy ies dI jfnkfrI nhIN imldI.

qlvMzI sfbokI, dmdmf, jo ik pitaflf rfj ivc sI, rfjf rfijMdr isMG (sMn 1877-1900) ny afpxI Byx dy ivafh dy dfj vjoN sLihjLfd purIey jIvn isMG nUM dy idwqf sI. 1965 qk ieh asQfn Aus dy Kfndfn dI injI jgIr hI irhf. pMjfb ihstrI kfnPRMs mfrc, 17-19, 1989 pMnf 77

17 akqUbr 1762 nUM dIvflI vfly idn lgBg 60,000 iswK hirmMdr ivKy iekwqr hoey. vzy GlUGfry aqy hirmMdr sfihb aqy srovr dI durgqI df aihmd sLfh durfnI qoN bdlf lYx vfsqy slfh msLvrf kIqf. iswty vjoN aihmd sLfh nfl JVpF ivc isKF nUM BfrI ijq pRfpq hoeI.

1796 aqy 1797 ivc aihmd sLfh abdflI dy poqry sLfh jLmfn dy hmilaF smyN pitafly df rfjf sfihb isMG (aflf isMG df puwqr) aMdrgqI hmlfvr df mudeI sI. keI CotIaF imslF vfly Bj ky jMglF ivc jf luky sn aqy keI hornf dy Bj jfx dI sMBfvnf sI. (sLkrckIey) mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG ny afhlUvflIaf, GneIaf, BMgI aqy nkeI imslF dy srdfrF nUM akfl qKq ivKy iekqr hox df swdf idqf. BMgI imsl vfilaF ny sfP nFh kr idqI, bfkI iqMnF imslF dy srdfrF ny mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dI agvfeI hyT hmlfvr df tfkrf krn df gurmqf bxfieaf. pRfpq jfnkfrI anusfr sLfh jLmfn nUM dovyN vfr hfr ky vfps muVnf ipaf.

sMn 1800 ivc sLhIdF, Bfv akflI imsl dy srdfr akflI PuUlf isMG afnMdpur qoN aMimRqsr afey aqy mhMqF qoN gurduafiraF dy prbMD df suDfr krvfieaf. keI lyKk aqy pRcfrk akflI PUlf isMG nUM akfl buMgf/qKq df jQydfr dsdy hn pr ieiqhfs qoN ienHF dy akfl buMgf/qKq dy jQydfr hox dI koeI jfxkfrI nhIN imldI. ies smyN akflI (inhMg isMG) Kflsy dy pRmuwK pRqIinD dy pRqIk mMnyN jFdy sn aqy PUlf isMG jI sLhIdF/akflI imsl dy srdfr sn. aimRqsr ivc ienHF dI mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG vloN idwqI jfgIr ivc CfAuxI sI, ijQy PUlf isMG jI 1200 svfr aqy 1800 pYdl akflI dl nfl ivrfjdy sn. pMjfb ihstrI kfnPRMs mfrc, 17-19, 1989, pMnf 74, mhfn kos pMnf 36

sMn 1873 ivc aMimRqsr ivc s: Tfkr isMG sMDfvflIey dI agvfeI hyT muKI iswKF df iekwT hoieaf, ijs ivc hor DrmF vwloN kIqy hmilaF qoN isK Drm nUM bcfAux aqy gurmq prcfr dy vfDy leI gurU isMG sBf nF dI jQybMdI bxfeI geI| ieh jQybMdI bydI Kym isMG aqy Aus dy smRQkF dy kuitl vrqfry kfrn do DiVaLF, aMimRqsr aqy lfhOr, ivc vMzI geI| aqy 1880 ivc dovF DiVaF nUM Kflsf dIvfn nFm dI jQybMdI hyT iekwiTaF kIqf igaf.

sMn 1883 ivc akfl qKq dy muK grMQI bydI Kym isMG ny afpxy afp nUM isKF df gurU hox df ayYlfn kr idqf aqy gurU gRMQ sfihb dI hjUrI ivc gurgwdI lf ky bYTx lg ipaf. pRo[ gurmuK isMG ny bydI Kym isMG dI ies aiswK, krqUq dI ivroDqf kIqI. sMn 1887 ivc ies ivroDqf kfrn pRo: gurmuK isMG nUM qnKfhIaf krfr dy ky akfl qKq qoN hukmnfmf jfrI krky pMQ ivcoN Cyk idwqf. dUsry qKqF aqy guruduafiraF dy mhMqF/pujfrIaF qoN vI ies qrHF dy hukmnfmy jfrI krvf idwqy. sMn 1889 ivc pRo: gurmuK isMG aqy ig[idwq isMG jd QF QF jf ky aiMmRqsr Kflsf kflj bxfAux vfsqy cMdy iekwTy krn lgy qF bydI Kym isMG dy DVy ny, ijs ivc mhMq, pujfrI, bydI, soZI , bfvy aqy hor dyhDfrI gurU sn, iesLiqhfr kWZy ik ieh donoN qnKfhIey hn, ies krky ienHF nUM cMdf nf idwqf jfvy| itwpxI:- ieh hukmnfmf pRo[ mnjIq isMG akfl qKq dy jQydfr ny 1995 ivc rwd krky pRo: gurmuK isMG nUM isK kOm df swcf syvfdfr kih ky snmfinaf.

sMn 1902, 30 akqUbr nUM s: sMudr isMG mjITIey ny aimMRqsr ivc coxvyN isKF dI iekwqRqf bulfeI. srb-smMqI nfl pMQ df cIP Kflsf dIvfn kfiem kIqf aqy arjx isMG bfgVIaf nUM ies df pRDfn bxfieaf igaf

sMn 1915 ivc aMgryjL srkfr ny hrmMdr/akfl qKq smuh dy srkfrI srbrfh arUV isMG qoN hukmnfmf jfrI krvf idqf[ik kfmfgftf mfrU jhfjL dy kYnyzf qoN moVy bfbf guridwq isMG aqy hor isWK, iswK hI nhIN hn. sMn 1919 dI ivsfKI vfly idn jilaF vfly bfg aimMRqsr ivKy sYNkVy isKF, ihMdUaF aqy muslmfnF dy kfql jnrl zfier nUM hirmMdr/akfl qKq qoN isropf idwqf igaf.

gurU kfl qoN mgroN sMn 1920 qk bhuq smF hirmMdr, akfl qKLq smyq iswKI dy gurDfmF aqy kyNdrF df prbMD dyhDfrI gurUaF (bfibaF), AudfsIaF, inrmilaF mhMqF aqy pujfrIaF dy hwQF ivc irhf. ies lwmyN smyN ivc ienHF ny Auqm iswKI ivcfrDfrf, gurmiq aqy inrol gurbfxI pRcfr dy kyNdrF nUM mnmiq, ibpRnI ivcfrDfrf, aMDivsLvfsLI krm-kFzF aqy mUrqI pUjf dy sQfn bxf ky rK idWqf. gurU (gRMQ) sfihb dI drsfeI afdrsLI iswKLI jIvn jfc nUM aiswKLI jIvn jfc ivc ivgfV idwqf|

1873 qoN 1925 qk jdoN gurU isMG sBf, Kflsf dIvfn, sRomxI kmytI aqy akflI dl afid ny gurduafiraF dy prbMD nMU suDfrn, gurbfxI igafn pwKoN iswKI df prcfr krn-krfAux aqy iswK gurduafiraF ivcoN bRfhmnvfdI krm-kFzF nUM kZx dI kosLsL kIqI qF gurduafiraF aqy qKqF dy mhMqF aqy pujfrIaF ny ienHF df krVf ivroD kIqf aqy ienHF dIaF dygF prvfn krnoN aqy ardfsF krnoN nFh kr idwqI.

iswK ieiqhfs borz dy mYNbr igafnI lfl isMG pMjfh sflf ieiqhfs dy afid-kQn ivc ilKdy hn, “pivWqr gurdvfry ijwQy gurU sfihbfn ny gurbxI qy sMgiq dI sQfpnf kIqI sI, aYbI qy loBI pujfrIaF dIaF injI jfidfdF bx geY. aMgryjLF ny afpxy kfnUn aDIn gurU dI sMpqI nUM mhMqF qy pujfrIaF dI mlkIaq krfr dy ky bldI awg AwWqy imwtI df qyl pf idwqf. pujfrIaF ny sRI drbfr sfihb qy akfl qKq sfihb aMimRqsr ivKy pCVIaF sLryxIaF ivcoN sjy iswKF vloN sLrDf nfl Bytf kIqf kVfh-pRsLfd gur drbfr ivc prvfn krn aqy vrqAux qoN ienkfr kr idwqf.”

“12 akqUbr 1920 nUM isWK sMgq kVfh-pRsLfd dI dyg lY ky BfeI mihqfb isMG bIr dI jQydfrI hyT KflseI cVHq nfl sRI drbfr sfihb phuMcI. jLbfnI klfmI aqy qkrfr ipCoN pujfrIaF ny ies suJfa nUM svIkfr kr ilaf ik gurU gRMQ sfihb ivcoN vfk dI rosLnI ivc kVfh pRsLfd prvfn jF aprvfn kIqf jfvy. sRI gurU amr dfs jI df pivWqr Purmfn aieaf”

inguixaF nUM afpy bKis ley BfeI, siqgur kI syvf lfie]

siqgur kI syvf Auqm hY BfeI, rfm nfim icqu lfie] rfg sorT mhlf 3 pMnf 638

“hukmnfmy ipCoN kVfh-pRsLid vrqfxf sLurU ho igaf. sMgiq ny sRI drbfr sfihb qoN prq ky sRI akfl qKq nmskfr kIqI aqy pIrI aqy mIrI dy dohF sQfnF dI syvf sMBfl leI . afrjLI qOr qy pRbMDk cuxy gey aqy BfeI qyjf isMG Buwcr nUM ies pRbMDkI jWwQy dI jQydfrI dy PrjL inBfAux leI inXq kr idwqf. Ausy smyN 15 nvMbr 1920 df idn insicq krky smUh iswK sMgqF nUM sRI akfl qKq sfihb dy hukmnfmy rfhIN sRI akfl qKq sfihb ivKy iekWqr hox df swdf idwqf qF jo gurDfmF dI syvf sMBfl leI pRiqinDF dI cox kIqI jf sky aqy pRbMD df sQfeI bfnxU bMinHaf jfvy.”

“15 nvMbr 1920 nUM pMQk iekwqRqf insicq smyN aqy sQfn Auqy hoeI . smUh sMgiq ny gur mrXfdf muqfibk 175 aMimRqDfrI qy rihqvfn isMGF dI pRbMDk kmytI cux leI aqy ies kmytI nUM sLRomxI gurduafrf pRpMDk kmytI dI sMigaf idwqI. pihlI sLRomxI gurdufrf pRbMDk kmytI df pihlf pRDfn bxn df mfx srdfr suMdr isMG mjITIey nUM pRfpq hoieaf.”

“BivwK dy hflfq nUM BfpidaF agFh vDU ivcfrF vfly iswKF ny 14 dsMbr 1920 nUM sRI akfl qKq ivKy dUjI iekwqRqf bulfeI. ies iekwqRqf df mnorQ ieh sI ik rfjsI qy smfjI ipV ivc af rhy sMGrsL df sPlqf nfl mukfblf krn leI juJfrU isMGF dI jQybMdI kfiem kIqI jfvy. ies iekwqRqf ivc sLRomxI akflI dl df muZ bMinHaf igaf. sLRomxI akflI dl dy pihly pRDfn bxn dI vizafeI s: srmuK isMG Jubfl dy ihwsy afeI. ieAuN iek mhIny dy aMdr aMdr sMn 1920 eIsvI nMU gurU-pMQ dIaF dovyN pRmuwK jQybMdIaF sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI qy sLRomxI akflI dl gurduafiraF dI syvf sMBfl leI rfjsI qy smfjI ipV ivc doKIaF nfl jUJx leI kfiem ho geIaF.”

itpxI :- iesy ieiqhfsk Gtnf df vyrvf Kflsf kflj aimRqsr dy pRoPYsr bfvf hriksLn isMG (sMn 1892-1978) dy ibafn, jo ik ieiqhfs ivBfg, pMjfb XUnIvristI, pitaflLf dy zf: ikrpfl isMG, dy typ irkorz kIqy hoey hn, ivcoN hY| ies vyrvy ivcoN pRfpq qwQ vDyry ivsiqRq aqy Brosy Xog hn ikAuNik Auh pRo: qyjf isMG, krqfr isMG Jwbr, qyjf isMG cUVHkfxf, qyjf isMG Bucr afid smyq iswKL ieiqhfsk moV smyN insLkfm Xogdfn hI nhIN pf rhy sn sgoN agvfeI vI kr rhy sn | iehnF iswKL hsqIaF df sdkf aqy ies ieiqhfsk Gtnf dy iswty kfrn iswKL gurdvfrf pRbMD suDfr lihr, sLRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI, sLRomxI akflI dwl aqy bbr akflI lihr vrgIaF sMsQfvF hoNd ivc afeIaF|

“12 akqUbr 1920 vfly idn sfnUM, (Kflsf kflj aimRqsr dy 3 pRoiPsrF nUM) Kbr imlI ik kuC aCUq iswK jwilaF vfly bfg ivc jlsf krn dI koisLsL kr rhy hn pr AunHF dI mdd koeI nhIN kr irhf. asIN kuC ivdafrQIaF smyq jf ky sLihr dy hqYsLI iswKF dI shfieqf nfl iekWT krn aqy jlUs dy rUp ivc kVfh pRsLfd lY ky drbfr sfihb jfx df pRbMD kIqf. jdoN asIN drbfr sfihb puwjy qF mYN jlUs vwloN gRMQIaF aqy pujfrIaF nUM bynqI kIqI ik sfnUM hor sLrDflUaF vFg smJ ky kVfh pRsLfd dI ardfs kr ky guru gRMQ ivcoN vfk lY ky sMgqF ivc vrqfAux . pr AunHF ny nFh kr idWqI . myry sfQIaF ny mYnUM ardfs nUM ikhf . eyny icr nUM krqfr isMG Jwbr, qyjf isMG cUVHkfxf aqy qyjf isMG Bucr vI af gey. gRMQIaF aqy pujfrIaF nUM iek vfrI Pyr bynqI kIqI geI . AunHF ny Pyr nFh kr idWqI qF qyjf isMG Jwbr ny ikhf ik ‘asIN Aus qrHF vI iswDf kr lvFgy.’ gRMQI aqy pujfrI zr gey. AunHF ny ardfs kr kyy, vfk ilaf aqy kVfh pRsLfd vrqfieaf.”

“drbfr sihb qoN asIN akfl qKq nUM cly gey. AuQy sfrI sMgq KVI sI pr pujfrI bYTy sn. asIN AunHF nUM inmRqf sihq bynqI kIqI ik drbfr sfihb vFg Auh vI sfzf kVfh pRsLfd prvfn krn aqy ardfs kr ky vfk lYx. AunHF ny nFh kr idWqI. qyjf isMG cUVHkfxF ny dbkf mfiraf, ‘jy psU duD nf dyvy qF asIN inafxf vI pf lYNdy hF.’ pujfrI zr gey qy AunHF ikhf ‘sfnU slfh krn nUM smF idAu.’ Auh akfl qKq dy aMdr cly gey aqy muV ky nhIN afey, sfry ipCly bUhy ivcoN dI nwT gey sn."

"sLihr dy iswKF ny suJfAu idwqf ik kuC lokF nUM akfl qKq dI rfKI leI CWzxf cfhIdf hY aqy drbfr sfihb smUh dy srbrfh srdfr bhfdur suMdr isMG rfmGVIaf nUM sUcq krnf cfhIdf hY. drbfr sfihb smUh, jo ik EdoN (aMgryjL) srkfr aDIn sI, dy mYnyjr nUM srkfr inXukq krdI sI aqy Auh izptI kimsLnr qoN hukm lYNdf sI. asIN mYnyjr kol jf ky sfrI smWisaf dWsI aqy bynqI kIqI ik Auh akfl qKq, ijs nUM Aus smyN akfl buMgf kihMdy sn, dy pujfrIaF nUM kihx ik Auh afpxI nOkrI qy vfps af jfx. pr AunHF ny nFh kr idwqI . kuwC syvfdfr qyjf isMG Bucr ny sYNtrl mfJf dIvfn dy aqy kuC syvfdfr asIN akfl qKq dI rfKI vfsqy CWz idwqy.”

itpxI:- pRo: bfvf hriksLn isMG dy ibafn anusfr ‘kuC syvfdfr qyjf isMG Bucr ny sYNtrl mfJf dIvfn dy aqy kuWC syvfdfr asIN akfl qKq dI rfKI vfsqy CWz idwqy|’ pr ig: lfl isMG dI ilKq anusfr hirmMdr aqy akfl qKq dy pujfrIaF dy Bj jfx kfrn ‘afrjLI qOr qy pRbMDk cuxy gey aqy BfeI qyjf isMG BuWcr nUM ies pRbMDkI jwQy dI jQydfrI dy PrjL inBfAux leI inXukq kr idqf|’

ig: lfl isMG anusfr vI s: qyjf isMG Bucr nUM kyvl akfl qKq dy afrjLI pRbMDkI jwQy df jQydfr inXukq kIqf igaf sI, pMQ df nhIN. ies BulyKy kfrn, agoN qoN isLRomxI kmytI vloN inXukq aqy syvf-mukq kIqy jfx vflLy sRI akfl qKq dy muwK aiDkfrI, jQydfr sWdy jfx lWg pey. aqy sLRomxI kmytI vwloN akfl qKLq dy kiQq jQydfr rfhIN jfrI kIqf sUcnfpwqr ‘hukmnfmf’ vjoN isKL sLbdfvlI ivc pRclq ho igaf| jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhrf dI 25 sflf sRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI dI pRDfngI smyN akfl qKq dy jQydfr pd aqy Aus df hukmnfmf sLbd iswKL jgq ivc hAUaf df rUp Dfrn kr gey| sUJvfn iswK BlI pRkfr jfxU hn ik kptI iswK afgUaF ny ikdF ies pd aqy sLbd nUM afpxy suafrQF dI iswDI vjoN vriqaf hY. kuC jfnkfrI ies lyK ivcoN vI pRfpq hY.

“keI iCdrI lok burj bfbf PUlf isMG akflI dy inhMg isMGF, ijnHF nUM Aus smyN akflI isMG afKdy sn, kol gey aqy AunHF nUM BVkfieaf ik vyKo ieh akfl buMgf akflIaF df hY. AunHF ivcoN bhuq sfry inq BMg pINdy sn. iek idn AunHF dy BfrI dl ny af ky syvfdfrF qoN akfl buMgf KflI krn dI mMg kIqI. pr syvfdfr zty rhy aqy Auh (inhMg) afpxy afp hI muV gey.”

sLRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI aqy akflI dl df muwZ

“asIN soicaf ik inhMg afpxy afp nUM akflI kihx krky akfl buMgy AuWqy afpxf hWk jqfAuNdy hn, sfnUM vI akflIaF vflf Bys apnf lYxf cfhIdf hY. asIN afpxy sfry mfeI BfeI syvfdfrF nUM ikhf ik Auh lIVy kpVy kflLy rMg lYx aqy afpxy afp nUM akflI swdx sdAux. eyQy ieh dwsxf jLrUrI hY ik ieh akflI lihr df muwZ sI. asIN akfl buMgf akflI PUlf isMG dy pfgl bMidaF nUM nhIN sI dy skdy. iek idn Auh bfhroN keI QfvF qoN af ky aimRqsr iekwTy ho ky BfrI igxqI ivc afey aqy Dwky nfl akfl qKq Auwqy kbjLf kr ilaf. lVfeI JgVf hoieaf aqy dovF iDrF dy lokF nUM swtF vI lwgIaF. asIN pwtI dy bfbf kyhr isMG, ijs df asr rsUK sfry pfsy sI, nUM swd ilaf. Auh rfq nUM af gey aqy inhMgF nfl gl bfq kIqI . AunHF ny inhMgF nUM ieh ikh ky piqaf ilaf ik Auh sfzy mflk hn. asIN AunHF dy inmfxy syvfdfr hF. inhMgF nUM sfzy koloN syvf lYxI cfhIdI hY. Auh lok QWly af gey aqy rOlLf pfAuNdy cly gey. sulfh sPfeI nfl akfl buMgy df kbjLf sfnU imlL igaf.”

“Aus smyN drbfr sfihb (smUh) Auwqy kbjLf krn df sfzf ivcfr nhIN sI. asIN 15 nvMbr 1920 df idn inscq krky pMQ dI iekqrqf akfl qKq ivKy swd leI. sfzf ivcfr msly nUM hl krn df sI. pMjfb srkfr ny 25 pqvMqy iswKF dI kmytI, ijs dy pRDfn suMdr isMG mjITf, mIq pRDfn hrbMs isMG atfrI, skwqr s: bhfdr suMdr isMG rfmGVIaf sn, bxf idwqI. asIN 26 mYNbr cux ley ijs nfl kmytI dI igxqI 51 ho geI. 15 nvMbr vflI iekqrqf ivc asIN sPlqf nfl gurdvfiraF df pRbMD srkfr dy hwQ ivc jfx qoN rok ilaf. Aus iekqrqf ivc Pyslf hoieaf ik kuC mhIinaF bfad suDfr lihr vfsqy iswK pRqIinD cux ley jfx.”

31 akqUbr 1921 nUM aimMRqsr dy izptI kimsLnr ny hirmMdr aqy akfl qKq dIaF cfbIaF jo srbrfh pfs huMdIaF sn, Aus qoN lY leIaF. isMGF vloN cfbIaF df morcf sLurU krn kfrn srkfr ny sLRomxI kmytI dy isrkwZ mYNbr s[ mihqfb isMG, s[ qyjf isMG smuMdrI, s[ KVk isMG afid nMU igRPqfr kr ilaf. 19 jnvrI 1922 eIsvI nMU izptI[kimsLnr vloN Byjy iek ijLmyvfr aPsr ny akfl qKq dy sfhmxy af ky Bry dIvfn ivc sLomxI gu: pR: kmytI dy pRDfn bfbf KVk isMG nUM cfbIaF dy idwqIaF.

itpxI, bfbf KVk isMG ny sLRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI dy pRDfn hox smyN afpxy afp nUM amrIkf, PrFs aqy jrmnI dy pRDfn smfn drsfieaf.

gurU kf bfg aqy jYqoN dy morcy

26 agsq 1922 nUM gurU ky bfg dy mfmly Auqy ivcfr krn vfsqy akfl qKq Auqy sLRomxI kmytI dI iekwqRqf hoeI aqy morcy df PyYslf kr ky ayYlfn kr idwqf ik gurU kf bfg pMQ df hY. sLFqmeI siqafgRih ZMg nfl jQy gurU ky bfg Byj ky pMQ ny ijq prfpq kIqI.

15 sqMbr 1923 qoN sRomxI kmytI ny akfl qKq sfihb qoN jYqoN dy gurduafry gMgsr, ijwQy srkfr ny aKMz pfT KMzq kIqf sI, nMU nvyN isirAuN aKMz pfTF df islislf jfrI krn vfsqy 25, 25 isMGF dy jwQy Byjxy sLurU kr idWqy. ies morcy ivc vI isMGF ny sLfqmeI ZMg nfl ijwq prfpq kIqI.

gurduafrf kfnUMn 1925

isLRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI, aMgryjL srkfr aqy smucI iswK kOm dy pRqIinDF dy coKy slfh msLvry mgrNo aqy sihmqI nfl pfs hoieaf. gvrnr jnrl ny ies dI mMnjLUrI 28 julfeI 1925 nUM idWqI. pMjfb gvrnr ny ies df ayYlfn pMjfb kONsl ivc kIqf aqy nfl hI ieh kih idwqf ik ijhVy sLRomxI kmytI dy mYNbr ies kfnUMn nMU mMn lYx AunHF nUM lfhOr jylH ivcoN irhf kr idqf jfeygf. srkfr dI ies rfjnIqk cfl ny sLromxI[ kmytI dy do DVy bxf idqy. 15 jnvrI 1926 nUM kfnMUn nMU mMnx vfly DVy dy mYNbr PyYslf krky bfhr af gey. ies qoN QoVHy idnF ipCoN sLRomxI kmytI dy smfgm ivc ies DVy dI bhuigxqI hox krky pRDfn[(s[ mihqfb isMG ), jnrl skwqr s[ mihMdr isMG iswDvF, aqy skwqr mfstr dOlq isMG ies DVy vcoN cuxy gey.

1926 ivsfKI vfly idn kfnUMn nf mMnx vfly akflI DVy ny kfmfgftf mfrU vfly pRisD bfbf guridq isMG dI pRDfngI hyT jilaFvfly bfg ivc jlsf kIqf aqy dUjy (muafPI mMgU) DVy qoN hirmMidr sfihb, akfl qKq aqy hor gurduafiraF df pRbMD Koh lYx df PyYslf kIqf. kuJ idnF mgroN coKI igxqI ivWc ies DVy dy isMG kbjLf lYx vfsqy akfl qKq gey.

sRI akfl qKq dy Auwqy zFgF nfl kut mfr

“1926 ivsfKI vfly idn kmytI dy jnrl skwqr srdfr mihMdr isMG jI isDvF aqy akfl qKq dy sfry grMQI qKq sfihb qy bYTy sn. sfhmxy df sfrf cOk afey isMGF nfl Biraf hoieaf sI. acncyq ienHF isMG bhfdrF ny sRI akfl qKq sfihb Auwqy vwty mfrny sLurU kr idqy. qwKq sfihb df sMgmrmrI jMglf tut igaf. iek QMm Auqy qsvIr df sLIsLf cUr cUr ho igaf. mfr idAu, PV lAu aqy hor gMdIaF gflHF nfl afkfsL gUMj AuWiTaf. kuJ dlyr isMG qKq sfihb dy hyTly nIvyN QVHy qoN CflHF mfrky Aupr cVH gey. sRI akfl qKq dy Auwqy hI zFgF nfl mfr kutfeI sLurU ho geI. jnrl skwqr sfihb (s: muihMdr isMG isDvF) nUM Kfs insLfnf bxfieaf igaf. zFgF ieAuN vrHdIaF sn ijvyN CwlIaF kutIaF jf rhIaF hn. isMG sUrimaF ies pMQ-vYrI nMU apxy vloN mukf idqf sI.” pRo: sfihb isMG, sLRomxI kmytI dy mIq skwqr (sMn 1921-1926)

gurduvfrf kfnUn 1925 aDIn pMjfb srkfr vloN 18 jUn 1926 nUM pihlI krvfeI cox duafrf nvIN isLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI cuxI geI ijs dI pihlI iekwqrqf 4 sqMbr 1926 nUM izptI kimsLnr ijLlf aimRqsr dI pRDfngI hyT tfAUn hfl ivc hoeI. ies mIitMg ivc cfr qKLqF dy jQydfr vI sn. jQydfr ibsLn isMG, akfl qKLq. jQydfr pRqfp isMG, kysGVH. jQydfr mukMd isMG, ptnf. isMG Pqih isMG, hirmMidr, aMimRqsr.

itpxI:- sLmsLyr isMG asLok dI sMgrih kIqI aqy iswK ieiqhfs rIsrc borz, sLRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI vwloN pRkfsLkq kIqI pusqk 'pMjfh sflf ieiqhfs (sMn 1926-76)' dy pMinaF qoN pihlI vfr iswK qKLqF aqy hirmMdr dy muK gRMQIaF nUM jQydfr aqy isMG sfihb dy pdF nfl spsLt qOr qy sMboDn kIqf iliKaf imldf hY.

8 akqUbr 1927 dI jnrl iekqRqf kuJ mYNbrF dy kihx qy lMgr sRI gurU rfm dfs aMimRqsr ivKy hox dI QF akfl qKLq ivKy kIqI geI. “jnrl kmytI df ieh smfgm aMiqRMg kmytI nUM afigaf krdf hY ik bhuq CyqI iek apIl pRkfsLq kry qy Aus apIl dy aDIn sfry ielfikaF ivc jf ky pMQ aMdr pRiswD swjxF dy dsqKLq krfey jfx qy ies duafrf sMgqF nUM pRyiraf jfvy ik Auh KUhF pur pfxI Brn qy gurduafiraF aqy dIvfnF ivc juVI sMgq-pMgq aMdr sLfml hox qoN iksy iswKL nUM ies krky nf rokx ik Aus dI ipClI jfq mjLhbI, rivdfsIaf afid hY, ijnHF jfqF nUM lok glqI nfl nIc afKdy hn, qy ieh iekqRqf pRDfn sfihb nUM aiDkfr dyNdI hY ik Auh Xog smyN anusfr Aukq Bfv df iek hukmnfmf sRI akfl qKLq sfihb vloN vI pRkfisLq krvf dyx.”

3 aprYl 1927 nUM nvIN isLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI AucycI iekqRqf akfl qKLq ivKy hoeI ies iekwqRqf ivc akflI pfrtI aqy srdfr bhfdr mihqfb isMG dI pfrtI df smJOqf hoxf sLurU hoieaf. igafnI sLyr isMG ny afiKaf, “ijs iswK dy ihrdy ivc QoVI vI scfeI bfkI hY, Aus nUM ies byieqPfkI aqy JgiVaF df aPsos hY. mYN bynqI krdf hF ies vyly asIN ipClIaF sfrIaF gwlF Buwl jfeIey aqy iek gurU goibMd isMG jI dy puwqr ho ky pMQ dIaF sfrIaF aOkVF iml ky dUr krIey.”

qyjf isMG Buwcr nUM muafPI

10 mfrc 1928 nUM sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI akfl qKLq ivKy hoeI jnrl iekqwRqf hoeI. “s[ qyjf isMG Buwcr, jo ik pihlF 19 jUn 1923 eI[ nUM mqf pfs krky iksy kfrn qnKLfhIey krfr idwqy gey sn, s[ jsvMq isMG jI dfnyvfl dI qjvIjL, s[ Bgq isMG jI dI qfeId aqy igafnI sLyr isMG jI dI qfeId mjId nfl akflI lihr smyN pMQk syvf krn bdly keI vfr igRPqfr hox qy Aus dIaF ipClIaF kIqIaF kOmIN syvfvF dy kfrn grumqf pfs krky brI krky ipClf mqf vfps ilaf igaf.”

akfl qKLq dy pRbMD leI sQfnk kmytI drbfr sfihb inXq

15 julfeI, 1928 nUM sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekqRqf[akfl qKLq dy sQfn pur sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb dI hjLUrI ivc hoeI. “jnrl kmytI df ieh smfgm pfs krdf hY ik cUMik sRI drbfr sfihb, aimRqsr aqy sRI akfl qKLq sfihb df pRbMD rilaf imilaf hY, ies leI pRDfn sfihb dI mdd leI lokl kmytI sRI drbfr sfihb, aimRqsr nUM sRI akfl qKq sfihb dy pRbMD dI afm ingrfnI leI sb-kmytI inXq kIqf jFdf hY.”

akfl qKq sMbMDI kuJ ivsLysL inXm aqy Aup-inXm

19 PrvrI, 1929 nUM sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekwqRqf gurduafrf itwbI ivKy hoeI . akfl qKLq pRbMD leI hyT ilKy inXm aqy AupinXm bxfey gey,

1) akfl qKLq sfihb dy hr iksm dy aiDkfr sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dy pRDfn sfihb rfhIN ies (sQfnk) gu: pR: kmytI (aimRqsr) nUM hoxgy, qy pRDfn jI dI gYr-hfjLrI ivc AunHF dy sfry aiDkfr mIq pRDfn sfihb nUM hoxgy.

2) mIq pRDfn jy loV smJx qF afpxI mdd leI sLRomxI kmytI dI jnrl iekwqRqf dI mnjLUrI nfl sb-kmytI bxf skdy hn

3) pRDfn sfihb vfly aiDkfr sb-kmytI nUM hoxgy, pr pRDfn sfihb sb-kmytI dI iksy kfrvfeI nUM bdl skdy hn.

4) sb-kmytI leI afpxI iekwqRqf dI kfrvfeI dI nkl pRDfn sLoRmxI gu: pR: kmytI nUM ByjxI jLrUrI hovygI.”

5) hr iksm dy ibl jQydfr, sRI akfl qKLq sfihb dI isPfrsL nfl pRDfn sfihb sb-kmytI pfs kiraf krngy.

6) gurduafiraF dy ihsfb ivc jmHf hox afeI mfieaf dIaF rsIdF qy dsKLq krn dy aiDkfr skwqr sfihb sRLomxI gu: pR: kmytI nUM hoxgy.

7) golk dIaF cfbIaF iqn hoxgIaF, iek pRDfn sfihb sb-kmytI, dUjI jQydfr qy qIjI KLjLfncI pfs hovygI.

8) syvfdfrF dI qkwrrI (inXukqI) df nym hyT ilKy anusfr hovygf:-

A) 50 rupY) mfsk qwk qnKfh vfly syvfdfr dI qkwrrI pRRDfn sfihb sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI krngy.

a) jQydfr dI qkwrrI sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekqwRqf krygI, pr loV pYx qy jnrl iekwqRqf dI qfrIKL qwk pRDfn sfihb sLRo: gu: pR kmytI pRRbMD kr skxgy.

9) muaqlI qy mOkUPI hyT ilKy anusfr hovygI|

A) gRMQIaF nUM pRDfn sfihb sb-kmytI muaqwl kr skdy hn.

a) gRMQaF qoN ibnF bfkI syvfdfrF nUM jQydfr sfihb muaqwl kr skdy hn.

e) isvfie jQydfr dy hryk syvfdfr dI mOkUPI (syvf-mukq) df aiDkfr pRDfn sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI nUM hovygf.

s) jQydfr nUM muaqwl krn df aiDkfr pRDfn sfihb sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI nUM hovygf, pRMqU mOkUPI qy asqIPf pRvfn krnf jnrl kmytI dy aKLiqafr hovygf.

10) jwQydfr sfihb nUM aiDkfr hovygf ik Auh iksy gRMQI jF syvfdfr nUM 2 rupY qk jurmfnf kr skxgy.

11) pRDfn sfihb sb-kmytI 5 rupY qk jurmfnf kr skxgy.

12) pRDfn sfihb sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI isvfie jQydfr dy bfkI syvfdfrF nUM iek mhIny dI qnKLfh qk jurmfnf kr skdy hn.

13) iksy syvfdfr nUM cfr idn qwk dI hr iksm dI CuwtI jQydfr sfihb aqy ds idn qwk dI CuwtI pRDfn sfihb sb-kmytI aqy ies qoN vwD pRDfn sfihb sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dy skxgy.

sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekwqRqf 6 mfrc, 1932 nUM akfl qKLq ivKy hoeI.

1) s[ blvMq isMG jI ny qjvIjL kIqI ik jQydfr sRI akfl qKLq sfihb aqy jQydfr sfihb sRI kysgVH sfihb dI qnKfh ieko ijhI hoxI cfhIdI hY. ijs qy bVI lMmI-cOVI bihs hoeI. ies bihs dy dOrfn hI igafnI gurmuK isMG jI jQydfr sRI akfl qKLq sfihb ny afpxf asqIPf pysL kridaF hoieaF hfAus nUM sMboDn kIqf ik AunHF dI qnKfh dy muafmly qy bihs nf kIqI jfvy qy Auh afnryrI qOr qy ibnf qnKfh iek mhInf, jy pRDfn sfihb cfhux qF, syvf kr dyxgy qy afp ies arsy ivc hor jQydfr inXq kr lYx.

2) svfl pysL hoieaf ik BfeI jvfhr isMG pusqkF vfly (bjLfr mfeI syvF, aimRqsr) ny sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI iek bIV iqafr kIqI hY ijs ivc gurU sfihbfn aqy BgqF dIaF qsvIrF lfeIaF geIaF hn. pRvfn hoieaf ik ieh mfmlf sRI akfl qwKLq sfihb dy asQfn pr pMjF ipafiraF dy spurd kIqf jfvy.

akfl qKLq dI jQydfrI bfry gurmqf

27 nvMbr 1932, sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekwqRqf, “pRvfn hoieaf ik jd kdy vI sRI akfl qKq sfihb df jQydfr muukrr krn df svfl pysL hovy qF afcrx aqy Xogqf nUM muK rKidaF hoieaF jy qnKfh ibnf cMgf km krn vflf Xog swjx iml sky qF ibhqr, vrnf qnKfhdfr syvk rwK ilaf jfieaf kry. ivsLysLqf, Xogqf dy nfl hI KLfs qOr qy ieh hovy ik Auh hr pihlU qoN inrpK rih ky syvf krn vflf hovy.”

bfbf ivsfKf isMG (ddyhr) nUM akfl qwKLq dI jQydfrI

21-10 1934 df sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI df jnrl smfgm sRI akfl qKLq sfihb dy sQfn pr hoieaf. ieh mqf srb smqI sihq pRvfn hoieaf ik bfbf ivsfKf isMG jI ipMz ddyhr ijLlf aimRqsr nUM sRI akfl qKLq sfihb leI jQydfr inXq kIqf jfvy.

“13 jUn 1936, sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekqRqf, pRDfn sfihb vloN (mqf) pysL hox qy pRvfn hoieaf ik sRI akfl qKLq sfihb vloN jQydfr sfihb hyT iliKaf hukmnfmf jfrI kr dyx. “srbwq KLflsf aqy gurduafieaF dy syvfdfrF pRqI sRI akfl qKLq sfihb df hukm hY jo aMimRqDfrI pRfxI mfqR nfl sMgq pMgq ivc ieko ijhf ivhfr krnf, ipClI jfq pfq nhI puwCxI Brm nhIN krnf, ieho hI gurU jI dI afigaf hY. jo isr invfeygf gurU jI Aus dI bhuVI krngy.”

12 nvMbr, 1936 sLRomxI gu: p: kmytI dy jnrl smfgm ivc do ivsLysL mqy pysL kIqy gey.

1) sLRomxI kmytI jo ik sn 1927 mfrc qoN sRI akfl qKq sfihb ivKy iekwqRqfvF krdI af rhI sI, dy ies kmytI dy iejlfsF dI QF-bdlx aqy sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb df pRkfsL bfry mqf.

pRo: inrMjn isMG jI ny ies Bfv df mqf pysL kIqf ik “sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dIaF jnrl iekwqRqfvF leI sRI gurU rfm dfs invfs ivc iek kmrf pMjfb kONsl dy hfl vFgU myjLF kursIaF lf ky iqafr kIqf jfvy aqy ikhf ik sLRomxI kmytI dIaF iekwqRqfvF ivc sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb df pRkfsL nf kIqf jfieaf kry, ikAuNik iekwqRqfvF ivc pfrtI iKwco-qfx kfrn byadbI huMdI hY.” bhuq sfrI ivcfr AuprMq ieh mqf hyT ilKy lPLjLF ivc pRvfn hoieaf,

“pfs hoieaf ik awgy leI sLromxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekwqRqf sRI akfl qKLq sfihb pr nf kIqI jfieaf kry aqy jd qk sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI df afpxf dPqr aqy hfl nhIN bx jFdy, qd qk sRI drbfr sfihb kmytI dI afigaf nfl sRI gurU rfm dfs invfs dy hfl ivcoN iek kmrf ies km leI vriqaf jfieaf kry.”

2) kmytI qy qKLq dy mulfjLmF nUM rfjnIqI qoN alg rihx bfry mqf

mqf hyT ilKy lPLjLF ivc pysL kIqf igaf. “sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI df jF ies dy iswDy pRbMD hyTly qKLqF df koeI mulfjLm iksy pfrtI jF DwVy dy pwK jF ivroDqf ivc iksy qrHF dI kfrvfeI ivc ihwsf nhIN lvygf. ijhVf mulfjLm ies iksm dI AulMGxF kry Aus nUM sKLq sjLf idwqI jfieaf krygI, ijhVI ik nOkrI qoN htfey jfx qIk ho skdI hY.” ieh mqf keI qrHF dy mwq-Byd pYdf hox krky bhu-smqI nfl PylH ho igaf.

10 mfrc, 1938 sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekwqRqf, ‘mqf nM[ 11 imqI 21 nvMbr 1929 dy anusfr sRI akfl qKLq dy pRbMD leI kuJ nvyN inXm bxfey gey qy ies qoN ipCoN igafnI gurmuK isMG jI musfPr dI qjvIjL, s[ gulfb isMG jI JMg dI qfeId aqy s[ blbIr isMG qy jQydfr cMnx isMG jI dI qfeId mjId nfl BfeI sfihb mohn isMG jI (nfgoky?) sRI akfl qKLq sfihb dy pwky jQydfr inXukq kIqy gey.

sLRomxI gurdvfrf gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI hI iswK pMD dI isrmOr sMsQf

“kuC smF hoieaf ik sLRomxI gurduafrf pRmMDk kmytI ny iksy ivdysL gey isWK dy pRsLn df AuWqr dyNdy hoey rfie idwqI sI ik gurU gRMQ sfihb df isMGfsn AuWcf rwK ky gurduafrf bxfnf aqy kursIaF qy bYTxf nf-munfisb nhIN.” BfeI kfnH isMG jI nfBf gurumq mfrtMz Bfg 1 pMnf B

itpxI:- 1936 dI Gtnf qoN sMkyq imldf hY ik sLRomxI gurdvfrf gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI hI iswK pMD dI isrmOr sMsQf sI/hY, koeI jQydfr jF isMG sfihb nhIN.

akfl qKLq ivKy iewtF vwitaF dI bfrsL

6-3-1949 “sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dy ies smfgm ny aiqaMq duwK qy rMj nfl suixaf hY ik 2 mfrc sMn 1949 nUM mfstr qfrf isMG jI dI pfrtI ny AunHF sMbMdI ros idn Auqy Dfrimk jjLibaF, purfqn rvfieqF qy gurduafiraF dy siqkfr qy pivwqrqf df AuWkf hI iKafl Bulf ky qy sRI gurU rfm dfs jI mhfrfj qy mIrI pIrI dy mflk sRI hirgoibMd jI mhfrfj dy BfAu qy BY nUM ivsfr ky gurduafiraF dI mrXfdf qy pRbMD nUM qoiVaf, sRI akfl qKLq sfihb ivKy iewtF vwitaF dI bfrsL kIqI, sRI hirmMdr sfihb dI AuqlI Cwq dy drvfjLy dI cUQI puwtI aqy sRI akfl qKLq sfihb dy syvfdfrF dIaF ikRpfnF KohIaF.”

‘aMimRqsr dIpmflf dy vfrisLk iekWT Auwqy dUr nyVy qoN afeIaF iswK sMgqF dI syvf ivc sRI akfl qKq vloN sMdysL,’ “sfzf Bfrq bdysLI gulfmI qoN afjLfd ho cukf hY qy afjLfdI dI Bytf iswK sMgqF ny bhuq idwqI hY. afjLfd Bfrq ivc asF pMQ nUM cVdIaF klF ivc rKxf hY aqY dysL nUM qrwkI dI isKr Auwqy pcfAuxf hY.”

itpxI:- akfl qKq dy muK syvfdfr nUM 15 nvMbr 1920 nUM sLRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI dy hoNd ivc afAux qoN bfad BulyKy nfl jQydfr dy pd nfl sMboDn kIqf jFdf irhf hY| ies BulyKy ivc AudoN hor vfDf hoeaf jdoN 6 mfrc, 1932 dI sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI jnrl iekwqRqf ny BfeI jvfhr isMG pusqkF vfly, ijs ny sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI iek bIV iqafr kIqI, (ijs ivc gurU sfihbfn aqy BgqF dIaF qsvIrF lfeIaF geIaF sn), df mfmlf akfl qwKLq dy asQfn Aupr (jQydfr smyq) pMjF ipafiraF dy spurd krn df mqf pfs kIqf|

29-11-1961 nUM akfl qKq qoN mfstr qfrf isMG, sMq Piqh isMG, afid dy ivvfd bfry pMj ipafiraF ny inrxf idwqf| jQydfr dI mhwqqf ivc BfvyN vfDf hoieaf pr jdoN 2 10 1962 nUM sMq Piqh isMG dI pfrtI ny mfstr qfrf isMG qoN sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI df kbjLf Koh lyx AuprMq hirmMdr qy hor gurDfmF dy mMdy pRbMD kfrn jQydfr awCr isMG ny sRI akfl qKq dy muK syvfdfr vjoN asqIPf dy idwqf qF iksy ny koeI prvfh nf kIqI. ies pdvI AuWqy inXq kRmcfrI dI kiQq mhfnqf 1960 dy dhfky qoN vDdI GtdI 1990 dy dhfky ivc akfl purK smfn drsfeI jfx lg peI.

1966 ivc akflI dl pRDfn sMq Piqh isMG, sLR: gu: pR: kmytI pRDfn sMq cxn isMG, jQy: jIvn isMG AumrfnMgl, afid ny sRI akfl qKq dy sQfn ivKy hvn kuMz iqafr krvf ky aYlfn kr idwqf ik jy cMzIgVH, ijs nUM pMjfbI sUby dI vMz smyN XUnIan ielfkf bxf idwqf igaf sI, 26 dsMbr 1966 qk muVH pMjfb nUM nF idwqf igaf qF Auh sfry svyr dy 1000 vjy afpxI blI dy dyxgy. pr Aus idn 0930 vjy AunHF ny aYlfn kr idwqf ik, “idWlI srkfr ny mMg pRvfn kr leI hY aqy s: hukm isMG jI ies sMbMD ivc sLfm nUM 0400 vjy aMimRqsr af rhy hn.” cMzIgVH aj qk vI XUnIan ielfkf hI hY. ienHF vwloN iswKI isdk BMg kfrn s: drsLn isMG PyrUmfn mrn vrq rK ky sLhId ho geY.

3-8-1973 nUM sLRmxIo: gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI vloN sRI aMimRqsr qoN ieh pWqr (nMbr 36672) s: sMqoK isMG (cMzIgVH) dI puC igC dy jvfb vjoN AunHF nUM Byijaf igaf,

sRImfn jI

afp jI dI pwqrkf imqI 6-7-73 dy sMbMD ivc isMG sfihbfn sRI drbfr sfihb aqy jQydfr sRI akfl qKq sfihb, sRI aMimRqsr jI dI rfey hyT ilKy anusfr ByjI jFdI hY.

1) rfj krygf Kflsf jo sRI akfl qKq sfihb aqy hor gurduafiraF ivc piVHaf jFdf hY, ieh gurmiq dy anukUl hY ikAuNik dohry pVHny pMQk PYslf hY. ies PYsly qy sLMkf nhIN krnI cfhIdI.

2) cirqRo pKXn jo dsm gRMQ ivc aMikq hn, dsmysL bfxI nhIN| ieh purfqn ihMdU imiQhfsk sfKIaF df Auqfrf hY.

BfeI gurbKsL isMG

mIq skWqr Drm pRcfr kmytI

1973 ivc (ig: sfDU isMG BOrf?) jQydfr akfl qKq vloN inrMkfrIaF ivruD nf-imlvrqx df hukmnfmf jfrI hoieaf sI jo aj qk vI lfgU hY. jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhrf vloN ies hukmnfmyN dI AulMGxf aqy BfeI rxjIq isMG ies AulMGxf Auwqy imwtI pfAux dy ikwsy bfry vyrvf ies lyK ivc awgy cl ky idwqf igaf hY|

nvF pMnf

ig: Bfg isMG jI nUM pMQ ivcoN Cyikaf

igafnI Bfg isMG jI aMbflf ny 1976 ivc 'dsm gRMQ inrxY' nfmI pusqk pRkfsLq kIqI. aMnHIN sLrDf vws dsm gRMQ nUM pVn, ivfrrn qoN ibnf hI dsmysL gurU jI dI rcnf mMnx vfilaF ny igafnI jI dI alocnf aqy BMzI kIqI ijs dy PlsrUp sLRmxI gu: pR: kmytI vloN sQfpq kIqI 16 iswK ivdvfn afgUaF dI AucycI kmytI dI iekqwRqf aMimRqsr ivc hoeI. ies kmytI ny (srb smqI duafrf) ig: Bfg isMG jI nUM iksy sjLf df pfqr nF smiJaf. ienHIN idnIN ig: Bfg isMG jI aqy avsrvfdI ig: sMq isMG mskIn ivwckfr qkrfr ho igaf. mskIn ny afpxy imwqr ig: cyq isMG, muK gRMQI hirmMdr sfihb rfhIN sRI akfl qKq jQydfr (ig: sfDU isMG BOrf) aqy hor isMG sfihbfn qoN ig: Bfg isMG jI nUM iswK pMQ ivcoN Cyk dyx df hukmnfmf jfrI krvf idwqf.

itpxI:- ig: Bfg isMG nUM Cykx df hukmnfmf jfrI krn vfly AuhI jQydfr aqy isMG sfihbfn sn jo Auprokq iekwqRqf ivc vI sLfml sn aqy ijnHF dI rfey “cirqRo pKXn jo dsm gRMQ ivwc aMikq hY, dsmysL bfxI nhIN. ieh purfqn ihMdU imiQhfsk sfKIaF df Auqfrf hY” s: sMqoK isMG (cMzIgVH) nUM ByjI geI sI|

ipR: hrBjn isMG, ig: surjIq isMG (idWlI) aqy BfeI imlfp isMG dy slfh msLvry dy PlsrUp BfeI amr isMG (alIgVH) ny jQydfr BOrf nUM aXog hukmnfmf vfps lYx vfsqy mnf ilaf. Auprokq sjx ig: Bfg isMG nfl aimRqsr jfx dI iqafrI ivc sn ik mskIn jI nUM ies dI sUh iml geI. Auh afpxy Krcy Auwqy ig: Bfg isMG jI nUM aMimRqsr lY geY. pihlF qoN hI iqafr kIqf iek kfgjL ig: Bfg isMG jI nUM dsqKq krn vfsqy idwqf igaf. ibrD igafnI jI dIaF aYnkF kwZx lwigaF izg peIaF. Auh cukx lwgy qF jQydfr BOrf aqy mskIn jI boly, “Cwzo (aYnkF) igafnI jI, quhfnUM sfzy AwWqy XkIn nhIN?” dsqKq krn AuprMq igafnI jI ny kfgjL Auwqy ilKq, “ig: Bfg isMG jI ny ardfs aqy cOpeI bfry muafPI mMg leI hY.” pVHI qF AunHF dy pYrF hyToN jLmIn inklL geI aqy awKF ivwcoNN hMjU inkl geY. ieh vfrqf iganI Bfg isMG jI ny aQrU kyridaF ig: surjIq isMG (idWlI) nUM dWsI aqy ikhf, “mskIn ny myry nfl DoKf kIqf.”

26 sqMbr 1979 nUM jgdyv isMG qlvMzI aqy gurcrn isMG tOhrf akflI dl dy aMdrUnI mfmilaF nUM lY ky akfl qKq phuMcy qF afm iswKF dy mnf ivc AuQoN dy jQydfr pRqI iswK pMQ df srv Auc munsP hox dIaF BfvnfvF bx geIaF aqy suafrQI iswK afgUaF nUM iek hwQ-Tokf lB igaf.

itpxI:-1973-1979 dIaF GtnfvF smyN akfl qKq dy jQydfr ig: sfDU isMG BOrf sn. AunHF dy aqy myry pirvfrF dIaF pfiksqfn dIaF jLmInF ipMz BOry hox krky mYnUM jQydfr BOrf sfihb nfl ivcfr vtFdrf krn df suBfg imilaf sI. myry ivcfr ivc Auh iek dfny bIny TMzy suBf vfly mnuK sn. jfpdf hY ik AnHN dI BlymfxsI qoN AupdrI lokF ny afpxy suafrQ dI iswDI leI lfB AuTfieaf hY|

agsq 1982 ivc iswK pMQ dy isafsI afgU, akflIaF ny anMdpur dy mqy dIaF mMgF dI pRfpqI leI Drm XuwD arMB idwqf. akflIaF dI qfkq nUM Zfh lfAux dI cfl aDIn kFgrs pfrtI vloN Cwzy goly sMq jrnYl isMG iBMzrFvfly ny sMn 1983 ivwc afpxf ruK bdl ky akflIaF nUM Drm XuwD ivwc sihXog dyxf sLurU kr idwqf aqy idwlI (ieMdrf gFDI) dI srkfr ivruD morcf lf ilaf. AunHF ny afpxy lfm lsLkr smyq puls kfrvfeI qoN bcx vfsqy hirmMdr dy smUh ivwc nfnk invfs dIaF AuprlIaF dovF CwqF ivwc zyrf lf ilaf, jwd ik aKMz kIrqnI jWwQy df zyrf gurU rfm dfs srF ivwc sI. sMq iBMzrFvfly aqy aKMz kIrqnI jwQy ivckfr gMBIr vYr ivroD kfrn sMq iBMzrFvfly ny 12/13 dsMbr 1983 nUM nfnk invfs Cwz ky akfl qKq ivKy zyrf lf ilaf.

Aus smyN dy sLRomxI akflI dl pRDfn sMq hrcMd isMG lONgovfl, sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dy pRDfn gurcrn isMG tohrf, akfl qKq jQydfr ikRpfl isMG, akflI afgU pRkfsL isMG bfdl, gurdyv isMG tlvMzI, amirMdr isMG, afid sMq iBMzrFvfly dy hfvI glby kfrn dV vWt ky guWTIN KUMjIN luk ky bih geY.

5/6 jUn 1984 nUM, jdoN bwicaF aqy bjLurgF smyq hjLfrF iswK sLrDflU gurU arjn dyv jI df sLhIdI idvs mnfAux leI hirmMdr smUh ivc sn, ieMdrf gFDI dI kFgrs srkfr ny rihMdI ksr pUrI krn vfsqy iswKF dy mIrI pIrI dy kyNdRF Aupr iswK jrnYlL kuldIp isMG brfV dI agvfeI hyT tYNkF smyq POj Byj ky Dfvf bol idwqf. axigxq mfsUm bWicaF, bjLurgF aqy bIbIaF smyq isWKF df kqly-afm kr idwqf. akfl qKq qbfh kr idwqf. gurcrn isMG tohrf jihVf afKdf iPrdf sI ik hirmMdr sfihb smUh ivwc ihMd POj Aus dI lfsL AuWqoN dI lMG ky dfKl hovygI, hor akflI afgUaF smyq ies qbfhI aqy kqly-afm smyN gurU rfm dfs srF ivWc bYTf (pihloN imQI?) girPqfrI dI AuzIk kr irhf sI.

1984 smyN dy ihMd rfsLtR dy (rsmIN) pRDfn ig[ jLYl isMG nUM pMj sfihbfn ny Cyk idwqf pr bKsLn lwigaF akfl qKq dy (syvfdfr) jwQydfr ikRpfl isMG ny iksy nUM puCx dwsx dI loV hI nF smJI.

 

"meI 1985 ivwc iBMzrFvfly dy bfp bfbf joigMdr isMG ny hirmMdr sfihb smuh qoN sfry akflI dlF nUM BMg krky sMXukwq akflI dl ivc sLfml hox df hukm dy idqf. KfilsqfnI pwKU ismRnjIq isMG mfn ies akflI dl df pRDfn sI aqy byaMq isMG dI pqnI ibml kOr vI ies ivwc sLfml sI. rfgI drsLn isMG awiqvfdIaF df kuVwqn Biraf bulfrf sI."

"26 jnvrI 1987 nUM kiQq srbq Kflsf dI sRI akfl qKq ivKy iekwqRqf hoeI ijs ivwc rfgI drsLn isMG nUM akfl qKq df afrjLI jwQydfr inXq kIqf igaf aqy keI hor iswK kyNdRF dy jQydfrF aqy muK gRMQIaF dIaF bdlIaF kIqIaF geIaF."

"1987 ivwc lokqMqrI isafsI ZMgF nfl cuxy s: brnflLf nUM muwK mMqrI dI gwdI qoN lfhux ivc asPl hox qy muK cflbfjL tOhry smyq bfdl, amirMdr isMG, afid dI juMzlI ny BolLy iswKF dIaF Dfrimk BfvnfvF nUM BVkAuxf sLurU kr idWqf. sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI Auwqy kbjLf jmf ky ies dI durvrqoN duafrf iswK Dfrimk kyNdRF dy muK gRMQI/isMG sfihbfn aqy jQydfr bdl idwqy aqy bhuigxqI iswKF vloN sUby dI cuxI srkfr ivruD AunHF qoN aXog hukmnfmyN jfrI krvf idwqy."

"mfrc 1988 ivc rjIv gFDI dy iek slfhkfr nUM amrIkf ivc rihMdy sLusLIl munI vloN idwqI slfh anusfr sMq iBMzrFvfly dy BqIjy kwtV KfilsqfnI Bf[ jsbIr isMG rozy nUM joDpur jylH ivcoN kwZ ky akfl qKq df jQydfr inXukq kr idwqf igaf. pr CyqI hI Aus nUM sMq iBMzrFvfly dy nksLy-kdmF Auqy cldf vyK ky Aus dI do mhIinaF ipCoN CuWtI kr idWqI geI." KusLvMq isMG My Bleeding Punjab’

rfgI drsLn isMG ny sqfDfrI lONgovfl akflI dl smyq sfry dlF nUM BMg krn aqy akfl qKq dy muK syvfdfr/jwQydfr nUM srv-AuWc Dfrimk aqy isafsI isWK afgU bxfEx dy Auprfly kIqy. pr 28 mfrc 1990 nMU smuMdrI hfl ivKy sLromxI kmytI dy bjt iejlfs smyN gurU gRRMQ sfihb dI hjLUrI ivWc hMgfmyN kfrn rfgI jI ny g: kyvl isMG qoN gurU gRMQ sfihb df suKafsn krvf idWqf. j: tOhrf aqy rfgI jI ivckfr hoey qkrfr smyN sLRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn j: tOhrf ny akfl qKq dy jQydfr pR: drsLn isMG nUM durkfr idWqf. pRo drsLn isMG aqy ig: kyvl isMG ny asqIPy dy idwqy.

12 meI 1990 dI rfq luiDafxy nyVy KfVkUaF ny j: tOhrf, pRDfn, sLRomxI kmytI Auwqy Gfqk hmlf kIqf. j: tOhrf vfl vfl bc igaf. luiDafxy hspqfl ivc Aus nUM iek qIr nfl keI insLfny PuMzx dI jugq suJI. sLRomxI gu: pR: aMiqRMg kmytI dI 15 meI nUM hox vflI ijhVI mIitMg ies hmly kfrn mulqvI ho geI sI, j: tohrf ny 9 jUn nUM hspqfl ivWc hI sWd leI . ies ivWc j: drsLn isMG aqy ig: kyvl isMG dy asqIPy svIkfr krky Bf: rxjIq isMG, ijs nUM ig: jLYl isMG ny sMq iBMzrFvfly dI kropI qoN bcfAux vfsqy iqhfr jylH ivc iBjvf idWqf sI, nUM akfl qKq df jQydfr aqy Bf: Bgvfn isMG nUM ig: kyvl isMG dI QF muK gRMQI inXukq kr idWqf igaf.

Tfkr isMG Kmfxo aqy sqnfm isMG jlMDr ny pR: drsLn isMG nUM afpxf pWK pysL krn df mOkf dyx aqy BfeI rxjIq isMG dy jylH ivWc hox krky sRI akfl qKq dy jQydfr dI syvf inBfAux dy aXog hox dy suJfAu idwqy sn. pr ies cfr GMty dI mIitMg qoN mgroN mnjIq isMG klkqf ny (JUT bolidaF) pqRkfrF nUM dWisaf ik dovyN asqIiPaF, aqy BfeI rxjIq isMG, ijs df nfm j: tOhrf ny hI pysL kIqf sI, dI inXukqI dy mqy srb sMmqI nfl pfs kIqy geY hn. ies mIitMg ivWc j: tOhrf nUM Bf: rxjIq isMG dy jylH ivWc rihx dy smyN qk afrjLI jQydfr inXukq kr dyx dy idwqy aiDkfr anusfr Auhnf ny pRo: mnjIq isMG nUM Aus pd Auqy inXukq kr idWqf.

j: tohrf ny rfgI drsLn isMG, jo ik j: tOhrf dy mrXfdf BMg krn dy dosL dI crcf kr rhy sn, df asqIPf prvfn krky afpxy glLoN blLf lfh suWtI. aqy Bf: rxjIq isMG, ijs nUM bhuigxqI KfVkU inrMkfrI gurU gurbcn isMG df (sWcf/JUTf) kfql hox kfrn afpxf juMzlIdfr smJdy sn, nUM akfl qKq df jQydfr inXukq krky,

1) afpxI injI rwiKaf aqy afpxy afp nUM KfVkUaF dI kropI qoN bcx df pRbMD kr ilaf.

2) ihMd srkfr, ijs ny Bf[ jsbIr isMG nUM iBafnk dihsLqvfd smyN akfl qKq df jQydfr inXukq kIqf sI, akflI dl (ismRnjIq isMG mfn), PYzrysLn (Bf[ mnjIq isMG) aqy dmdmI tksfl dy srbq Kflsf gT-joV nUM spsLt kr idWqf ik akfl qKq dy jQydfr nUM inXukq krn df aiDkfr kyvl sLRomxI gu[ pR[ kmytI nUM hI hY.

3) Bf: jsbIr isMG dIaF sRI akfl qKq dy jQydfr bxn dIaF ieWCF df Bog pf idWqf.

4) BfeI rxjIq isMG dy BfeIcfry, rfmgVIaf isWKF nUM afpxy vl df kr ilaf.

nvF pMnF

akfl qKLq df syvfdfr/jQydfr iswKLF df pop?

ivsLv Dfrimk gFgrs df sLqfbdI smfroh, ijs ivc hor Drmf dy isrmOr Dfrimk afgUaF aqy ivdvfnF ny Bfg ilaf, ickfgo/iCkfgo (amIrkf) ivc hoeaf. isWK pRqIinD jQy dy agU Aus smyN dy akfl qKq dy syvfdfr/jWQydfr pRo: mnjIq isMG sn. isWK jQy ny (gurmiq aqy isWKI isDFqF dy pRiqkUl) afpxI AuWcqf hornf Dfrimk jWiQaF brfbr jqfAux leI jQydfr nUM isWKF df pop dwisaf. BfvyN pRo: mnjIq isMG nUM dws idWqf sI ik ieh isrP hornf nUM Brvfq krn vfsqy hI dWisaf jf rihf hY pr AunHF dy idmfg Auqy hAumyN df BUq svfr ho hI igaf.

j: tOhrf dy inktvrqIaF anusfr Aus ny sLRomxI gu: pR: kmytI dI 25/26 sfl pRDfngI smyN afpxy suafrQ isWD krn leI akfl qKq jQydfr smyq keI cMgy mMdy ivakqIaF dI vrqoN kIqI. Aus dI bhuqI sLkqI aqy smF nfrd munI vflI nIqI Auqy lfAux kfrn isWK gurduafiraF dy pRbMD aqy Drm pRcfr ivc inGfr hI afieaf. Bfv isWK Drm aqy kOm nUM lfB Gt aqy nuksfn vD hoieaf. pr ijWnf nuksfn j[ tohrf dI 25/26 sflf pRDfngI smyN hoieaf Aus qoN vWD nuksfn Bf[ rxjIq isMG dI 25/26 mhIny (31 dsMbr 1996-10 PrvrI 1999) dI akfl qKq dI jQydfrI smyN hoieaf. Aus dI aXogqf, gurmiq aqy gurbfxI qWq igafn pRqI aigafnqf, hoCfpn aqy hUVHmiq Aus dI socxI, kQnI, krnI aqy vqIry afid qoN spsLt hY.

19 PrvrI 1997 nUM B: rxjIq isMG dy swdy qy ivsLv isWK kONsl dI kfrjkfrnI kmytI dI mIitMg, ijs ivc Bf: rxjIq isMG, ig[kyvl isMG, jQydfr, qKq dmdmf, zf[ drsLn isMG, (gurU nfnk cyar muKI, pMjfb XunivrstI, aqy pRDfn sYktr 14 gurduafrf, cMzIgV) afid sLfml sn, kONsl dy cMzIgVH dPqr ivc poR[ rxjIq isMG dI pRDfngI hyT hoeI. zf: drsLn isMG ny Bf: rxjIq isMG nUM inmRqf sihq kihf ik, “qusIN sRI akfl qKq dy jQydfr ho qhfnUM iDr nhIN bxnf cfhIdf.” Bf: rxjIq isMG guwsy nfl zf: drsLn isMG nUM vZH Kfx nUM pey, “qUM smJdf hYN ik mYN pMj jmfqF piVHaf hF, mYnUM akl qyry nfloN ijLafdf hY, qyry vrgy pRoPYsr mYN bhuq vyKy hn. cuWp kr ky bYT jf.” ies mIitMg ivc Bf[ rxjIq isMG ny Bf: mnjIq isMG smyq hornf dI vI Gor bypqI kIqI.

iesy hI kONsl dIaF do hor mIitgF ivc zf: drsLn isMG vloN pRgt kIqy ivcfrF kfrn Bf: rxjIq isMG AunHF Auqy Zfzy gusy sn. 17 akqUbr 1997 nUM cMzIgVH dy ngr kIrqn df pRogrfm AulIkx vfsqy AuQoN dy gurduafraF dy pRDfnF dI mIitMg akfl qKq ivKy hoeI. akflI dl cMzIgVH dy pRDfn Bf[ gurpRqfp isMG irafV ny zf: drsLn isMG dy ivcfr suxn df suJfAu pysL kIqf qF Auh sfhmxy af ky bYT geY. Bf: rxjIq isMG ny zf[ drsLn isMG nUM vZH KfxI bolI ivc kihf, “qYnUM ieQy iks ny bulfieaf hY, BWj jf ieQoN.” sLrfPq dI mUrq zf: drsLn isMG cup-cupIqy qur peY. ieny icr nUM sfiraF nUM lMgr Ckx leI ikhf igaf. zf: drsLn isMG ny drvfjLy qoN muV ky Bf: rxjIq isMG dy sfhmxy af ky ikhf ik AunHF dy hoey apmfn kfrn Auh lMgr nhIN Ck skdy. kroD dy rogI Bf: rxjIq isMG zf: drsLn isMG dI KWbI bFh mroVdy hoey keI BYVy sLbd bolx lg pey. ig: kyvl isMG aqy Bf[ mohn isMG dy zf: drsLn isMG nUM CzfAux smyN Bf[ rxjIq isMG df hWQ jfxy/axjfxy ig[ kyvl isMG dI dfhVI nUM pY giaf.

17 akqUbr 1997 vflI mIitMg ivWc jWQydfr tOhrf dy inrMkfrI Bvn pitaflLf ivKy votF mMgx jfx df mslf ivcfiraf igaf. ies msly df guMJldfr ipCokV vrnxXog hY. jQydfr tOhrf ny sRI akfl qKq nUM ByjI iek icWTI ivWc iliKaf sI ik Auh inrMkfrI Bvn ivWc igaf sI. Bf: rxjIq isMG ny iksy nUM kih idWqf ik, “hux qk jQydfr tOhrf hornF qoN BFzy mMjvfAuNdf irhf hY, hux mYN ies qoN BFzy mMjvFAuNgf.” j: tOhrf nUM ies df pqf lgx qy Aus ny Bf: rxjIq isMG nUM imlL imlLf ky ies icWTI dI QF iek hor icWTI, ijs ivWc iliKaf sI ik Auh inrMkfrI Bvn ivWc igaf hI nhIN, rWKvf idWqI. ies mIitMg ivWc ies Gply dI crcf hoeI qF Bf: rxjIq isMG ny j: tOhrf dI bjLurgI aqy isWK pMQ dI syvf bdly Aus nUM muafP krn df vfsqf pfieaf. pRo: mnjIq isMG ny ikhf ik j: tOhrf inrMkfrI Bvn ivWc jfxF mMn cuky hn ies leI Aus nUM Gto-Gt pMjF dfqxf dI hI syvf lfeI jfvy, nhIN qF isWK kOm ivWc sLMky pYdf ho jfxgy. Bf: rxjIq isMG df juvfb sI ik ieh jLumyvfrI Aus dI hY, Aus ny ies df pRbMD kr ilaf hY.

Bf: rxjIq isMG ny akfl qKq dI jQydfrI dy iek sfl dy aMdr 507 vrg gjL dy Plot # 579 Phase 3 A muhflLI ivKy, ijs dI kImq Aus smyN 20 qoN 30 lWK rupey dWsI jFdI sI, sfZy nO lK rupey df KrIidaf ijs dI rijstrI 15 dsMbr 1997 nUM sb-rijstrfr muhflLI dy dPqr ivc krvfeI. ikAuNik muhflLI ivc iksy vI plft dI KrId dI rijstrI 2500 rupey pRqI vrg gjL qoN Gt nhIN krfeI jf skdI, Aus ny 12 lK 70 hjLfr rijstrI dI PIs 76200 rupey idWqI. ieh plft Aus ny iek lK rupey dI pysLgI aqy 12 dsMbr 1997 nUM pMjfb nYsLnl bYNk aiMmRqsr qoN bxfey 4 lK aqy 4 lLWK 50 hjLfr dy do zrfPt nMbr 606641 aqy nMbr 606642 nfl KrIidaf. Aus df kihxf hY Aus ny Gt kImq dI rijstrI krvf ky koeI gunfh nhIN kIqf ikAuNik cMzIgVH/muhflI ivc sfry lokIN Gt kImq dI rijstrI krvfAuNdy hn. ies sOdy aqy afpxI sLnfKq nUM gupq rKx vjoN Bf: rxjIq isMG ny,

1) ieh plft afr[ aYs[GtOrf puWqr sMqf isMG (1978 dy nvIN idWlI vfly kys ivc nfm bMqf isMG hY) dy nFm KrIidaf aqy bhuq QfeIN Bf: rxjIq isMG ny dsqKq vI aMgryjLI ivc afr: aYs: GtOrf hI kIqy.

2) 5 dsMbr 1997 dy 5 rupey dy aYPIzyvt Auqy Aus dy dsqKq afr: isMG hn.

3) 23 dsMbr 1997 dy 5 rupey qy 20 rupey dI itkt vfly aYPIzyvt Auqy dfVHI KuWlI rKx vfly Bf[ rxjIq isMG dI lgI qsvIr ivc dfVHI bWnHI hoeI hY.

4) hlPIaf ibafn ivc afpxf rhfiesLI pqf 589 PyjL 10 idWqf hY. pr Aus mkfn ivc afpxI lVkI aqy do lVikaF nfl rih rhI blbIr kOr ny disaf ik AunHF df Bf: rxjIq isMG nfl koeI irsLqf nhIN. aqy nf hI Aus pRivfr dy rfsLn kfrz ivc iksy rxjIq isMG, afr aYs GtOrf jF afr[ isMG df nfm hY.

Bf: rxjIq isMG dy afpxy 22 sqMbr 1998 dy kQn anusfr Aus dy (kWtVpMQI isWK) imqRF ny 1100 amrIkn zflr (50000 rupey) qy 1500 amrIkn zflr (67500 rupey) kYlIPornIaf, 50000 rupey afstrylIaf aqy 60000 rupey ieMglYNz qoN Aus nUM jylH ivWc dy smyN Byjy sn. 1 lWK rupey aqy 6x51000= 306000 hjLfr rupey Aus dy idWlI qoN 6 imqRF ny Aus nUM sRI akfl qKq dy syvfdfr/jWQydfr bxn smyyN idWqy.

kYlIPornIaf dy krnYl isMG Kflsf dI tYlIPUn Auqy Bf: rxjIq isMG nfl hoeI gl bfq dI BrI typ ivWc Bf: rxjIq isMG mnMdy hn ik mYnUM ieMglYNz dI sMgq ny iek kfr idWqI hY aqy 3 hjLfr zflr (1 lK 5 hjLfr rupey) amrIkf dI isWK XUQ PYzrysLn ny idwqy hn. Bf: rxjIq isMG vloN afpxy jylH dy sfQI aMg-rKiakF dI svfrI leI jIp/jIp vfsqy 5 lK rupeY mMgx qy krnYl isMG Kflsf kihMdf hY ik ieQy sLrDflU bhuq hn. Auprokq kfr/jIp dyx vflI ieMglYNz dI sMgq asl ivc afpxy afp nUM 13vF gurU nfnk kihx vflf Tg sfD amr isMG brUMzI , ijs dy ieMglYz, kYnyzf, amrIkf, afid ivWc zyry hn, hY. Aus ny 30 lK rupey dI mRsyzIjL kfr Bf: rxjIq isMG nUM idWqI sI.

Bf: rxjIq isMG ijnHF icr jQydfr tOhrf dI Cqr-Cfieaf hyT isWK ivdvfnF, buDIjIivaF aqy sDfrn isWKF dI bypqI krky aqy AunHF ivruD qfnfsLfhI hukmnfmyN CWz ky isWK Drm aqy kOm dI ZihMdI klf krI igaf, isrmOr isWK afgUaF ny Aus dI hUVmfr aqy DwkysLfhI pRqI anighlI kr CWzI. pr j: tOhrf aqy bfdl dy rfjnIqk mfrU ByV dy Pl srUp j[ tOhrf ny afpxI isafsI ijLMdgI df Bog pYNdf vyK ky afpxy bcf vfsqy ivroDI bfdl DVy ivruD akfl qKq aqy Bf: rxjIq isMG dI aXog sLkqI vrqx dI koisLsL kIqI. j: tOhrf, jo akfl qKq dy syvfdfr/jQydfr, ijs nUM ‘sLRomxI kmytI vloN inXukq kIqf hoieaf krmcfrI’ afKdf sI hux Aus dy jfrI kIqy hukmnfimaF nUM ‘akfl purK dy hukm afKx lWg ipaf.

2 PrvrI 1999 nUM sWqfDfrI bfdl DVy ny j: tOhry dy hWQ-Toky Bf[ rxjIq isGM nUM aKOqI akfl purKI isMGfsx qoN lfh ky 11 PrvrI 1999 nUM Bf: pUrn isMG nUM akfl qKq df syvfdfr/jQydfr inXukq kr idWqf. ies nUM 10 akqUbr 1980 nUM sLromxI g: pR: kmytI ny mqf nMbr 8032 duafrf qrn qfrn ivKy ieky smyN do syvfvF inBfAux df JUT ds ky Aujrq lYx krky 100 rupey df jurmfnf kIqf sI. aqy Aus Auqy sLromxI kmytI aqy ngr pflkf dI jLmIn Auqy Gr bxfAux df kiQq dosL vI sI. pr aWiqvfdIaF qoN zrdy Bf: mohn isMG dy pYr qy nfh krn krky bfdl DVy ny Bf: pUrn isMG nUM sRI akfl qKq df jQydfr inXukq kr idWqf. sMq iBMzrFvfly df purfxf inktvrqI aqy dmdmI tksfl nfl sMbMDq hox krky Aus qoN Bf: rxjIq isMG nUM mfq pfAux dI vI afs sI.

Bf: pUrn isMG vI Bf: rxjIq isMG vFgUM hUVmfr aqy aXog hI sfbq hoieaf. meI 2000 ivWc ies dI CuWtI krky Bf: joigMdr isMG vydFqI (ihMdU vydFq sLfsqR dy inXmF nUM mMnx vflf, vydFq df igXfqf| vyKo mhfn kosL pMnf 1108) nUM akfl qKq df jQydfr inXukq kr idWqf.

sn 1996 ivWc Bf: joigMdr isMG vydFqI gRMQI, hirmMdr aqy zf: amrjIq isMG poPYsr isWK imsLnrI kflj, aMimRqsr ny iksy ibpRnI rucI vfly gumnfm, kuitl ilKfrI dy imiQhfsk kUV nfl lwQpwQ ‘gur iblfs (Bfv- afnMd, Bog) pfqsLfhI 6, jo ik gurmq, isWKI dy muZly sMklpF aqy isDFqF dy Ault hY, nUM sMpfdq krky Drm pRcfr kmytI, sLRomxI kmytI qoN pRkfsLq krvf ky ‘mIrI pIrI dy mflk sRI gurU hirgoibMd sfihb dy 400 sflf pRkfsL-Auqsv Auwqy ‘AunHF smUh sLhIdF, ijnHF ny gurisWKI dy bUty nUM surjIq rWKx leI sLhIdIaF pRfpq kIqIaF’ nUM smrpq kIqf.

jy ies ihMdU imiQhfsk kUV dy pulMdy guriblfs pfqsLfhI 6 dI smuwcI smgrI nUM sWc mn ilaf jfvy qF isWK gurU sfihbfn dI afpxI socxI, kWQnI aqy krnI gurU gRMQ sfihb dI gurbfxI dy aYn Ault sI. avqfrvfd, dyvI pUjf, ibpRnI sMskfrF, krmkFzF aqy krmfqF nfl lwQpwQ ies aKOqI gRMQ dy pRsMsk syvf mukq Bf: rxjiq isMG smyq 12 pRsMsk, jQy: tOhrf, jQy mnjIq isMG, jQy kyvl isMG, BOr, s: klkqf, ig: sMq isMG mskIn, ig: jsvMq isMG kQf-vfck, dlIp isMG mlUnMgl, ig: joigMdr isMG qlvfVf, s: nirMdr isMG soc, ig: blvMq isMG hn, ijnHF ny gurU gRMQ sfihb dI gurbfxI aqy gurmiq dI qrjmfnI krky isWK jgq nUM syD dyxI hY aqy mnuWKqf nUM isWK ivcfrDfrf aqy isWKI jIvn jfc bfry jfxU krvfAuxf hY .

akfl qKq ivKy gur iswKL dI JfV-JMb

“24 julfeI 2000 vfly idn sRI akfl qKq sfihb qy mWQf tyk ky jdoN mYN (BfeI joigMdr isMG jI btflf) bfhr prkrmF ivc puWjf qF jQydfr sRI akfl qKq dy dPqr dy bfhr kuJ isMGF nUM afips ivc vIcfr krdy suixaF. AunHF dI gWlbfq qoN pqf cl irhf sI ik Auh jWQf jmUM ksLmIr qoN afieaf hoieaf sI. pRkrmF ivc bYTy ieh sfry isMG ivcfrF kr hI rhy sn ik iek isMG ny af ky ikhf ik jQydfr sfihb bulf rhy hn. mYN vI zrdf zrdf AunHF nfl aMdr clf igaf. AuQy pihlF qoN ibrfjmfn hsqIaF ivc iek jQydfr (BfeI joigMdr isMG vydFqI jI) akfl qKq sfihb aqy dujy isMG sfihb igafnI --- isMG jI sn. bfkIaF nUM mYN jfxdf nhIN sI.”

“ieqnI dyr nUM hukm hoieaf ik dUjI iDr nUM vI bulfieaf jfvy. AunHF siqkfr Xog pursLF ivcoN iek ny kysrI dsqfr sjfeI hoeI sI. cup qoVidaF AunHF gWl sLurU kIqI ik ‘dyKo asIN pihlF hI Gt igxqI ivc hF sfnUM afps ivc ipafr nfl rihxf cfhIdf hY.’ Aus kysrI pgVI vfly isMG sihb ny kuJ kfnUnI qrjL dIaF gWlF sLurU kIqIaF hI sn ik iek gurisWK ny kfnUn dy muqfbk jvfb dyxf sLurU kr idWqf. iek dMm igafnI jI ny gWlbfq nUM afpxy hWQ ivc lY ilaf. ‘dyKo BfeI quhfzy jMmU ksLmIr ivc iek inWkI ijhI gWl qy lVfeI sLurU ho geI hY qy qusIN afps ivc vMzy gey ho. gl isrP aKMz pfT smyN mWD dI ardfs dI hY.’ iPr afp ny iek isMG (jMmU izstiRkt kmytI dy jnrl skWqr surjIq isMG) vl iesLfrf kr ky ikhf ik Auh afpxI icWTI vfps lY lvy. Auh icWTI AunHF isMG sfihb nUM mWD dI ardfs bMd krn leI ilKI sI.”

“BfeI --- isMG jI vfr vfr mWD dI ardfs krn dy hWk ivc kih rhy sn aqy jQydfr akfl qKq sihb vI AnHF dI hF ivc hF imlf rhy sn. Auh dovyN ies gWl qy jLor dy rhy sn ik mWD dI ardfs krnI cfhIdI hY ikAuNik ieh purfqn rvfieq hY.”

“jQydfr sfihb, afp ny jmUM ivc sfzy nfl gWlbfq smyN mMinaf sI ik ‘mWD dI ardfs nhIN hoxI cfhIdI pr pihlF sfnUM afpxy kyNdr qy hor qKqF qy lfgU kr lYx idAu, Aus qoN bfad afp vI lfgU kr lYxf.’ pr afp jI aWj ieQy ienkfr kr rhy ho. afp ny afpxI icWTI ivc vI iliKaf sI, 'afp dy suJfa rihq mrXfdf anusfr hn. afp vI aml kro qy hornf nUM vI krfAu.’ jdoN afp dy afdysL anusfr skWqr sfihb ny ieh icWTI kWZI hY qF afp jI ies nUM vfps ikAuN krvfAuxf cfhuMdy ho? afp jI ies Brm dI rIq nUM ikAuN jfrI rKxf cfhuMdy ho? BfeI --- isMG jI kRoD ivc af gey aqy kihx lWgy, asIN quhfnUM kih idWqf ik mWD dI ardfs hovygI. ijLafdf bology qF bfhr kWZ idaFgy.”

"iek nOjvfn ny hWQ joV ky svfl rwiKaf ik, “kI gurU rUp bfxI df mWD 705 pwny qy hY ijwQy ik sLbd afAuNdf hY ‘afid pUrn mWD pUrn aMq pUrn prmysLvih' hY? kI ies df mqlb ieh hY ik mWD af igaf hY? kI ieh mWD sLbdF, slokF, pMkqIaF jF pMinaF dy afDfr qy hY? Aus ny ikhf ik ieho ijhy do hor pRmfx vI 548 aqy 1017 pMinaF qy imldy hn.’ BfeI --- isMG boly ‘kI hoieaf jy ieh pRmfx af gey? ieh rIq qF purfqn smyN qoN cldI af rhI hY. kI qUM sfiraF nfloN ijLafdf isafxf hYN?’ Auh nOjvfn boilaf ‘mhfrfj qF qy sfnUM AuQy vI ardfs krnI cfhIdI hY.’”

“Aus ny iPr svfl kIqf, ‘kI pMQ ny PYslf lY ilaf ik mWD dI ardfs cflU rhygI?’ ies qy BfeI --- isMG jI ny ikhf, ‘ies bfry ajy PYslf nhIN hoieaf.’ Aus ny iPr svfl kIqf, ‘kI ieh isMG sfihbfn dy ivcfr aDIn hY?’ jvfb nFh ivc sI. Aus nOjvfn ny jQydfr sRI akfl qKq df iek pWqr AunHF sfhmxy rWiKaf ijs ivc ieh iliKaf hoieaf sI ik 10 julfeI nUM msly qy pMj isMG sfihbfn ny ivcfr kIqI hY.”

“mWD dI ardfs dI mnmq ikAuN jfrI rihxI cfhIdI hY? dy jvfb ivc jQydfr sfihb bolyy, ‘ieh koeI vZI mnmq nhIN.’ Aus nOjvfn ny iPr ikhf, ‘mhfrfj AuQy mWD hY hI nhIN. lok afigafnqf vWs AuQy mWD dI ardfs krdy hn.’ BfeI --- isMG jI guWsy ivc grj ky boly, ‘qUM kOm df koeI Tykydfr hYN? qUM afpxy Gr pfT rWKyNgf qF mWd dI ardfs nf krIN. pMQ df Tykydfr nf bx.’ jdoN dlIlF df koeI asr nf hoieaf qF Auh gur isWK nOjvfn bfhr clf igaf. Aus dy bfhr jfx qy igafnI --- isMG ny puWiCaf, ‘ies df nF kI hY ? asIN ies nUM iKWc ky ilaFvfgy qy ies dI bolI TIk krFgy.’ igafnI ---isMG vI BfeI pUrn isMG aqy BfeI rxjIq isMG dI qrHF zrfAux DmkfAux qoN kMm lY rhy sn qy kih rhy sn ik, asIN Aus nUM pMQ ivcoN Kfrj kr idaFgy.”

“igafnI --- isMG dI DmkI dy jvfb ivc iek gurisWK nOjvfn ny ikhf, ‘mhfrfj BfeI gurmuK isMG jI ny isMG sBf vyly jdoN glq rIqF irvfjF nUM isWK pMQ dy gly qoN lfhux dI koisLsL kIqI sI qF akfl qKq dI pujfrI sLRyxI ny pMQ ivcoN Cyk idWqf sI. AunHF dI ies kurbfnI sdkf hI gurduafrf suDfr lihr ny jnm ilaf sI.’” BfeI joigMdr isMG jI btflf

sRI akfl qKq dy jQydfr df ruqbf vI pop vrgf?

23-24 jnvrI 2002 nUM vYtIkn ivKy srb-Drm smyln ivc jQydfr joigMdr isMG vydFqI ny Bfg ilaf. smyln qoN muV ky af ky jQydfr joigMdr isMG vydFqI ny ikhf,

“pop nUM siqkfrXog QF hfsl hY aqy Auh isafsq ivc dKl nhIN idMdf| jdoN pop dI inXukqI krnI huMdI hY, AudoN sfry kfrzInWlF nUM sWd ilaf jFdf hY. ienHF ivcoN pop cux ilaf jFdf hY. asIN AunHF qoN keI sdIaF ipWCy hF. sRI akfl qKq dy jQydfr df ruqbf vI pop vrgf hI hY. jQydfr dI pdvI AuWqy vI mhfn bMidaF dI inXukqI hoxI cfhIdI hY aqy ieh inXukqI vI Ausy qrHF hoxI cfhIdI hY ijvyN pop dI huMdI hY. ies pdvI AuWqy inXukqI leI inXm inrDfrq hoxy cfhIdy hn. ies mMqv leI mYN sLRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn nUM hdfieq kIqI hoeI hY aqy pRo: ikrpfl isMG bzUMgr ny mYnUM Brosf idWqf hY ik ies bfry CyqI Pyslf ilaf jfvygf.”

itpxI:-jQydfr joigMdr isMG vydFqI dy kQn ivcoN keI qWQ, sMkyq aqy BulyiKaF dy icMnH imldy hn| keI svfl vI AuWTdy hn.

qWQ:-kYQOilk Drm df srv-Auc Dfrimk afgU, pop isafsq ivc dKl nhIN idMdf aqy isWKF dy afgU ZFcy dI cox df islslf romn kYQOilks nfloN keI sdIaF ipWCy hY.

sMkyq:-sRI akfl qKq dy jQydfr dI pdvI mhfn hY, ijs AuWqy inXukqI mhfn bMidaF dI hoxI cfhIdI hY aqy Aus dI inXukqI leI inXm hoxy cfhIdy hn.

svfl:-kI akfl qKq jF ies df syvfdfr/ jQydfr gurU gRMQ sfihb sfihb qoN Auwcf hY? kI iswK Drm ivc pop vrgI hsqI dI QF hY? kI sLRomxI kmytI vloN inXukq aqy syvf-mukq kIqf jfx vflLf akfl qKq df kiQq jQydfr Aus kmytI dy pRDfn nUM hdfieq kr skdf hY?

BulyKy:-anoKI iswKLI dI gRMQI jF igafnI sLRyxI, pfdrI, prohq, pujfrI, rwbfeI jF mOlvI vrg vrgI hY| aqy sLRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI vloN inXukq aqy syvf mukq kIqf jfx vflf akfl qKLq df jQydfr srv-Auc iswKL afgU hY|

inrol afqimk igafn dy Drm iswKLI ivc sUJvfn ivdvfn pRcfrkF vfsqy nvyklI QF hY, jo gurmiq dI lo ivc pfvn gurbfxI dI shI qrjmfnI kr ky iswKL sLDflUaF nUM swcI suwcI iswKLI jIvn-jfc dI syD dy skx | mMdy BfgF nUM aKOqI iswKL pRcfrk aqy Dfrimk afgU vrg ivc aiganI aqy qfnfsLfh msMdF, mhMqF, pujfrIaF dI igxqI, ivdvfn pRcfrkF aqy sUJvfn afgUaF nflLoN bhuq smyN qoN hI vfDU rhI hY| vIhvIN sdI ivc hoNd ivc afeI isMG sfihbfn aqy jQydfrF dI sLRyxI ivc vI bhu-igxqI ny msMdF, mhMqF aqy pujfrIaF df avqfr Dfrn kIqf jfpdf hY|

sihxI pYNdI mfr dulwiqaF dI, jy kursI bhfeIey KoiqaF nUM|

pMjfbI dI ieh purfxI khfvq keI ajoky kiQq jQydfr aqy isMG sfihbfn, ijnHF dI socxI, kQnI aqy krnI hyT ilWKy mhfBfrq dy iek imiQhfsk pRsMg dy nfl imldI juldI hY, bfry ZukvIN jfpdI hY|

‘iek vfrI ieMdr dyvqf isMGfsx CWz ky ikqy luk igaf. dyviqaF ny gWdI suMJIN vyK ky rfjy nhus nUM ieMdr bxf idWqf. Coty BFzy ivc bhuqI cIjL smf nf skI. bYTidaF hI ieMdrfxI vl pYgfm Byj idWqf. Aus ny AuWqr GWilaf, “jy qUM sWqF dyviqaF dy moZy qy afpxI pflkI cukf ky afvyN qF imlx nUM iqafr hF.” ahMkfr dy mwqy nhus nUM ies dI smJ nf afeI. sWc-muWc df ieMdr huMdf qF akl Pur pYNdI. pr ieh sI nrd dy QF kolLf, hkUmq dy nsLy ivc aMnF. JWt pflkI juVf ky irsLIaF dy moiZaF qy svfr ho igaf. AuWqoN bldI AuyWqy qyl ieh pfieaf ik AunHF dy isrF ivWc aWzIaF mfr mfr ky kihx lWgf, srp srp (CyqI, CyqI). irsLIaF dI axK ny ies nUM bhuq burf mnfieaf. AunHF pflkI BuMjy rWK idWqI qy agsq munI ny ikhf, “mUrK qUM ieMdr dI pdvI pf ky vI nhus hI rihAuN. cMgy BfgF nUM pdvI qF iml geI pr qyry ivc ieh Xogqf nf af skI ik qUM ies vizafeI nUM pcf skdoN. qyry vrgy nflfiek nUM ieh gWdI soBdI nhIN, jfh mfqlok ivc srp (sWp) dI jUn Bog .”

ajoky jWQydrF aqy isMG sfihbfnF bfry iesy sLRyxI dy isMG sfihb igafnI Bgvfn isMG, akfl qKq dy muK gRMQI dIaF itpxIaF, jo AunHF ny 28 meI 1999 vfly idn akfl qKq ivKy pqRkfrF nfl gWlbfq kridaF ikhIaF,

1) “akfl qKq dy sfbkf jQydfr BfeI rxjIq isMG aqy sLRomxI kmytI dy sfbkf pRDfn jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhrf isWK kOm leI nf kfbly brdfsLq boJ hn.”

2) jQydfr rxjIq isMG dI sRI akfl qKq sfihb dy jQydfr vjoN kIqI geI cox hI glq sI.”

3) “BfeI rxjIq isMG ivWc jIvn dIaF kmjLorIaF qoN ielfvf pYsy dI lflsf vI pRbl sI.”

4) “BfeI rxjIq isMG ny iek vfr Kud BfeI gurdfs hfl ivWc dWisaf sI ik AunHF kol 8 lWK rupey iekWTy ho gey hn, ijs nfl Auh mkfn KrIdxf cfhuMdy hn.”

5) “sRI akfl qKq sfihb df jQydfr gRihsQI jIvn vflf hoxf cfhIdf hY.” (‘BfvyN ies sMbMDI BfeI rxjIq isMG df nF nhIN ilaf igaf pr ieh spsLt sMkyq BfeI rxjIq isMG vl sI.’ ajIq pqrkfr dI itpxI)

6) “sRI akfl qKq sfihb isWKF dI srb AuWc adflq hY pr ijs qrHF dI Qfxy ijhI adflq ies nUM BfeI rxjIq isMG ny bxf idWqf sI, Aus nfl ies df aks ivgiVaf hY.”

7) “sRI akfl qKq sfihb dy jQydfr dI bol bfxI gurisWKF vflI qy inmrqf BrpUr hoxI cfhIdI hY pr BfeI rxjIq isMG qF gflH qoN ibnF gWl hI nhIN krdy.”

8)“BfeI rxjIq isMG ny qF jylH qoN bfhr af ky pMj ipafiraF dy snmuK pysL ho ky afpxI suDfeI qWk nhIN krvfeI aqy aMimRq dy cUly qWk nhIN ley jo ik bhuq jLrUrI sI.”

9) “jQydfr tOhrf hmysLf afpxy mksd leI glq ivakqIaF dI mdd krdy rhy hn aqy hux vI BfeI rxjIq isMG dI mdd krky kOm nUM vWzy sMkt vWl DWk rhy hn.”

10) “sfbkf jQydfr vloN tOhrf-nrMkfrI kys ivWc qfnfqsLfh rvWeIaf aKiqafr krky jQydfr tOhrf nUM brI krn df PYslf vI isWK ieiqhfs dy kfly aWKrF ivWc iliKaf jfvygf.”

11) “1984 qoN bfad sRI akfl qKq sfihb dy jQydfr dI srb AuWc pdvI Auqy ijMnHy vI jQydfr afey, sB mqlb pRsq qy pYsy iekwTy krn vfly sn.”

12) “pRo: mnjIq isMG ny afpxIaF kmjLorIaF CupfAux leI AunHF (ig[ Bgvfn isMG) dI keI vfrI sRI akfl qKq sfihb qoN bdlI krfAux df jqn kIqf pr jQydfr tOhrf nhIN mMny.”

13) “sRI akfl qKq ivKy aijhIaF gWlF huMdIaF hn jo ies pfvn asQfn dy syvfdfrF nUM sLobdIaF nhIN.”

14) BfeI Bgvfn isMG ny BfeI rxjIq isMG aqy pRo: mnjIq isMG, jQydfr kysgVH sfihb dovF Auqy pYsy iekWTy krn df dosL lfAuNidaF ikhf ik, “sLRomxI kmytI nUM ies dI jFc krnI cfhIdI hY. qKq sRI kysgVH sfihb df ahudf sMBflx vyly 5000 rupey pysLgI lYx vflf pRo: mnjIq isMG aWj kroVpqI ikvyN ho igaf?”

“pRo: mnjIq isMG Auqy trYvl eyjMtI krky jfiejL nfjfiejL ZMgF rfhIN afpxy Brf smyq keI bMdy pCmIN dysLF ivWc phucfAux dy dosL vI lWg cuky hn, anMdpur sfihb ivWc srkfrI Krc Auqy jLmInF pwDr krf ky mihMgy Bfa plft vycx qy pRfprtI zIlr vFg motI kmfeI dy vI.” jiqMdr pMnU

BfeI gurdfs jI dy ZukvyN ivcfr

kuWqf rfij bhflIaY iPir cwkI cWtY] spY duDu pIaflIaY ivhu muKhu stY] vfr 35, pEVI 1

ajoky jQydfrF pRqI ZukvIN kivqf

nf qIr qy nf BWqf. nf sMgq qy nf jWQf.

mF df bx igaf jWQydfr. akloN hIxf buDoN Kuafr .

pfieaf akfl qKq qy Bfr. gWl gWl qy kry Kuafr .

afKy mYN sB df srdfr.

nf koeI gWl nf koeI bfq. hukmnfmy dI kWZy sugfq.

icwty idn nUM afKy rfq. ijqI bfjLI krdf mfq.

ijhVf lB jfey AulU df pWTf. AuhnUM kr lYNdy ny kWTf.

Aus nUM bxfAux jQydfr. afp clfx Drm srkfr.

afE koeI akl dI gWl krIey. akfl qKq nUM suqMqr krIey.

aYsf lWBiey koeI srdfr. isr inv jfx nfl ipafr .

isWKI jIvn KflsfeI vIcfr. rwl imWl lfhIey qKq qoN Bfr.

buDI sMig koeI ibiD bxfE. akfl qKq dI sLfn vDfE. isMG sfihb, hrBjn isMG XogI jI, Purmfn Kflsf

zf: jsbIr isMG ahlUvflIaf bhuigxqI sLuBicMqk sUJvfn gurisWKF dy ivcfrF nUM ienHF sLbdF duafrf drsfAuNdy hn, “qKqF dI sMmfnqf kfiem rKx leI sLRomxI gu[pR kmytI nUM qKqF dy jQydfrF dy aiDkfr inXq krny cfhidy hn. 2 PrvrI 1945 nUM sLRomxI kmytI vloN pRvfn aqy pRkfsLq kIqI hoeI rihq mrXfdf ivWc qKq dy jQydfr dy hukmnfmyN rfhIN iksy nUM qnKfhIXf krfr dyx dy aiDkfr bfry ikqy vI koeI sMkyq nhIN. rihq mrXfdf pRqI hoeI Bul kfrn qnKfh df pfqr isWK sQfnk sMgq sfhmxy afp pysL ho ky afpxI Bul bKsLfvy. 1925 dy gurduafrf kfnUn jF 1945 dI rihq mrXfdf anusfr jQydfr kol iksy nUM isWK pMQ ivWcoN Cyk dyx df aiDkfr nhIN hY.

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